Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1894-1900

Prevalence of burnout and coping strategies among female university students in Saudi Arabia: a comparison between health and non-health majors

Authors: Maha Zaid AlBaqami, Haneen Naif AlMughera, Tharaa Naif AlMughera, Rahaf Abdulsalam Alshahrani, May Hefdhallah AlMengethi, Reem Awad Alharbi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Burnout syndrome was first described in 1974 in two scientific articles by psychologist Herbert Freudenberger, albeit imprecisely; he identified burnout as a work-related syndrome characterized by emotional and physical exhaustion and deficiency in work performance. In this study, we investigated burnout syndrome among students at Princess Nourah University (PNU), explored the possible factors associated with burnout, and evaluated the coping strategies employed by students to overcome burnout. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the all-female sample population was recruited from different colleges affiliated with PNU in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia from January to February 2019. The convenience sample included 250 students each from health care (HC) and non-health care (NHC) colleges. The questionnaire was based on the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey. Descriptive and analytical statistical analyses were performed to determine the results. Results: The final sample comprised 500 students. The mean age (± standard deviation) was 20.78 ± 1.72 years. Most students (458; 91%) were single and lived with their families in Riyadh (467; 93%). Only 6.2% of the students exercised regularly. The overall burnout prevalence rate was 74%. A significant relationship was found between the level of satisfaction with college major and burnout components; students satisfied with their major experienced low levels of academic burnout across three dimensions: emotional exhaustion (EE;p = 0.002), professional efficacy (PE; p = 0.000), and cynicism (CY; p = 0.000). Both HC (47.6%) and NHC (48%) college students achieved moderate academic results. Students with low coping strategies reported higher academic burnout: EE (p = 0.002), PE (p = 0.000), and CY (p = 0.000). Conclusion: We demonstrated a high level of burnout among PNU students, necessitating the need for educational institutions to develop a support system to evaluate and improve students’ psychological health by teaching them better burnout coping strategies for good academic performance.

Keywords:
Burnout, emotional exhaustion, professional efficacy, cynicism


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Prevalence of burnout and coping strategies among female university students in Saudi Arabia: a comparison between health and non-health majors


Authors
Maha Zaid AlBaqami
College of Medicine, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Haneen Naif AlMughera
College of Medicine, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Tharaa Naif AlMughera
College of Medicine, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rahaf Abdulsalam Alshahrani
College of Medicine, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

May Hefdhallah AlMengethi
College of Medicine, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Reem Awad Alharbi
Assistant Professor, Clinical Science Department, Surgery, College of Medicine, Princess Nourah bint Abdul Rahman University, King Abdullah University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Reem Awad Alharbi, Assistant Professor, Clinical Science Department, Surgery, College of Medicine, Princess Nourah bint Abdul Rahman University, King Abdullah University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; Reem.awad.alharbi@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 02 Sep 2021
Accepted 03 Oct 2021
Published online 24 Oct 2021
Published in print 18 Nov 2021

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Pubmed Style

AlBaqami MZ, AlMughera HN, AlMughera TN, Alshahrani RA, AlMengethi MH, Alharbi RA. Prevalence of burnout and coping strategies among female university students in Saudi Arabia: a comparison between health and non-health majors. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1894-1900. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630355042


Web Style

AlBaqami MZ, AlMughera HN, AlMughera TN, Alshahrani RA, AlMengethi MH, Alharbi RA. Prevalence of burnout and coping strategies among female university students in Saudi Arabia: a comparison between health and non-health majors. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=118003 [Access: January 28, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630355042


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

AlBaqami MZ, AlMughera HN, AlMughera TN, Alshahrani RA, AlMengethi MH, Alharbi RA. Prevalence of burnout and coping strategies among female university students in Saudi Arabia: a comparison between health and non-health majors. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1894-1900. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630355042


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

AlBaqami MZ, AlMughera HN, AlMughera TN, Alshahrani RA, AlMengethi MH, Alharbi RA. Prevalence of burnout and coping strategies among female university students in Saudi Arabia: a comparison between health and non-health majors. IJMDC. (2021), [cited January 28, 2022]; 5(11): 1894-1900. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630355042


Harvard Style

AlBaqami, M. Z., AlMughera, . H. N., AlMughera, . T. N., Alshahrani, . R. A., AlMengethi, . M. H. & Alharbi, . R. A. (2021) Prevalence of burnout and coping strategies among female university students in Saudi Arabia: a comparison between health and non-health majors. IJMDC, 5 (11), 1894-1900. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630355042


Turabian Style

AlBaqami, Maha Zaid, Haneen Naif AlMughera, Tharaa Naif AlMughera, Rahaf Abdulsalam Alshahrani, May Hefdhallah AlMengethi, and Reem Awad Alharbi. 2021. Prevalence of burnout and coping strategies among female university students in Saudi Arabia: a comparison between health and non-health majors. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1894-1900. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630355042


Chicago Style

AlBaqami, Maha Zaid, Haneen Naif AlMughera, Tharaa Naif AlMughera, Rahaf Abdulsalam Alshahrani, May Hefdhallah AlMengethi, and Reem Awad Alharbi. "Prevalence of burnout and coping strategies among female university students in Saudi Arabia: a comparison between health and non-health majors." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1894-1900. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630355042


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

AlBaqami, Maha Zaid, Haneen Naif AlMughera, Tharaa Naif AlMughera, Rahaf Abdulsalam Alshahrani, May Hefdhallah AlMengethi, and Reem Awad Alharbi. "Prevalence of burnout and coping strategies among female university students in Saudi Arabia: a comparison between health and non-health majors." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.11 (2021), 1894-1900. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630355042


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

AlBaqami, M. Z., AlMughera, . H. N., AlMughera, . T. N., Alshahrani, . R. A., AlMengethi, . M. H. & Alharbi, . R. A. (2021) Prevalence of burnout and coping strategies among female university students in Saudi Arabia: a comparison between health and non-health majors. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1894-1900. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1630355042


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