Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(5): 896-901

Prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome among medical students in Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University

Authors: Saif Ahmad Shamshuddin Ahmed, Yazzan Mohammed Alotaibi, Sulaiman Ibrahim Alayed, Omar Mohammed Al Alshaykh, Othman Majed Alothman, Alanoud Abdulkarim Alhumaidi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic, episodic abdominal pain associated with discomfort and altered bowel movements without any structural or biochemical abnormality. This study aims to 1) assess the prevalence of IBS among medical students and 2) perform descriptive and correlational analyses between IBS prevalence and different social and demographic parameters. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted between October 2019 and January 2020 at the Faculty of Medicine, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 480 students of all academic years and both genders. Results: A total of 472 participants (response rate: 98.33%) completed the survey, of whom 179 (60.9%) men and 115 (39.1%) women were finally included. Overall, 37 (12.6%) students reported responses consistent with a diagnosis of IBS: IBS-M subtype in 18 (48.6%), IBS-D in 8 (21.7%), IBS-C in 8 (21.7%), and IBS-U in 3 (8%). Most of the participants were single (292 [99.3%]) and living with their families [267(93.8%)]. Most of the participants [245 (83.3%)] denied ever smoking, whereas 49 (16.7%) admitted to smoking. There was a statistical significance between the prevalence of IBS and smoking (odds ratio 3.351, p = 0.032) significant, there was a higher prevalence of IBS in women (p = 0.849) and third- and fifth-year students (p = 0.089). Conclusion: The prevalence rate of IBS among medical students in IMSIU was found to be 12.6%. A screening for IBS is recommended. We propose commencing a smoking rehabilitation program to help students abstain from this habit and to decrease the risk of IBS development in the future.

Keywords:
Prevalence, irritable bowel syndrome, medical students, abdominal pain, risk, Saudi Arabia


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Prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome among medical students in Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University


Authors
Saif Ahmad Shamshuddin Ahmed
College of Medicine, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Yazzan Mohammed Alotaibi
College of Medicine, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sulaiman Ibrahim Alayed
College of Medicine, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Omar Mohammed Al Alshaykh
College of Medicine, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Othman Majed Alothman
College of Medicine, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Alanoud Abdulkarim Alhumaidi
College of Medicine, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Yazzan Mohammed Alotaibi, College of Medicine, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; Yazzanalotaibi@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 06 Apr 2020
Accepted 22 Apr 2020
Published online 01 May 2020
Published in print 16 May 2020

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Pubmed Style

Ahmed SAS, Alotaibi YM, Alayed SI, Alshaykh OMA, Alothman OM, Alhumaidi AA. Prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome among medical students in Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University. IJMDC. 2020; 4(5): 896-901. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1585049765


Web Style

Ahmed SAS, Alotaibi YM, Alayed SI, Alshaykh OMA, Alothman OM, Alhumaidi AA. Prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome among medical students in Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=94863 [Access: June 03, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1585049765


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ahmed SAS, Alotaibi YM, Alayed SI, Alshaykh OMA, Alothman OM, Alhumaidi AA. Prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome among medical students in Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University. IJMDC. 2020; 4(5): 896-901. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1585049765


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ahmed SAS, Alotaibi YM, Alayed SI, Alshaykh OMA, Alothman OM, Alhumaidi AA. Prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome among medical students in Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University. IJMDC. (2020), [cited June 03, 2020]; 4(5): 896-901. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1585049765


Harvard Style

Ahmed, S. A. S., Alotaibi, . Y. M., Alayed, . S. I., Alshaykh, . O. M. A., Alothman, . O. M. & Alhumaidi, . A. A. (2020) Prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome among medical students in Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University. IJMDC, 4 (5), 896-901. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1585049765


Turabian Style

Ahmed, Saif Ahmad Shamshuddin, Yazzan Mohammed Alotaibi, Sulaiman Ibrahim Alayed, Omar Mohammed Al Alshaykh, Othman Majed Alothman, and Alanoud Abdulkarim Alhumaidi. 2020. Prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome among medical students in Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (5), 896-901. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1585049765


Chicago Style

Ahmed, Saif Ahmad Shamshuddin, Yazzan Mohammed Alotaibi, Sulaiman Ibrahim Alayed, Omar Mohammed Al Alshaykh, Othman Majed Alothman, and Alanoud Abdulkarim Alhumaidi. "Prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome among medical students in Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 896-901. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1585049765


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ahmed, Saif Ahmad Shamshuddin, Yazzan Mohammed Alotaibi, Sulaiman Ibrahim Alayed, Omar Mohammed Al Alshaykh, Othman Majed Alothman, and Alanoud Abdulkarim Alhumaidi. "Prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome among medical students in Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.5 (2020), 896-901. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1585049765


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ahmed, S. A. S., Alotaibi, . Y. M., Alayed, . S. I., Alshaykh, . O. M. A., Alothman, . O. M. & Alhumaidi, . A. A. (2020) Prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome among medical students in Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (5), 896-901. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1585049765


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