Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(4): 781-787

Parents' knowledge, attitude, and practice toward childhood vaccinations, in Saudi Arabia, 2019

Authors: Waleed A. Alsalhi, Mansour Mohammed Alqurashi, Fatemah M. Albarghawi, Fatimah Abdullah AlMuhanna, Alhanouf Hussein Alahmari, Abdullah Yahya Aldhban, Hamdan Dhafer Alshehri, Turki Abdullah AlJaloud, Ghadah Abdulrahman Albalawi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Many parents are concerned about the efficacy, safety, and potential side effects of childhood vaccination, which lead to noticeable poor compliance. The study aimed to access the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of parents regarding childhood vaccinations in Saudi Arabia, 2018–2019. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted in different regions of Saudi Arabia. We used electronic questionnaires that were distributed in primary health care (PHC). All variables were computerized and entered into the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 20. The analysis results with a p-value of less than 0.05 were considered to be significant. Results: The study included 609 parents around Saudi Arabia. Among the participants, 38% of the parents had excellent knowledge about childhood vaccination, 38% had good knowledge, 21% of the participants had average knowledge, and only 3% had poor knowledge. The main sources of information about vaccination were health centers and hospitals (50%) and social media (28%). Multiple factors were shown to influence the level of knowledge regarding vaccination, including region (p-value = 0.001), city (p-value = 0.001), city type (p-value = 0.001), gender (p-value = 0.001), age group (p-value = 0.006), and opinion in vaccination (p-value = 0.001). Multiple factors were shown to influence the practice of vaccination, including gender (p-value = 0.001), area (p-value = 0.001), age group (p-value = 0.001), level of knowledge as perceived by self (p-value = 0.001), source of information (p-value = 0.043), and personal opinion on vaccination (p-value = 0.001). Conclusion: The majority of Saudi parents had good knowledge about childhood immunization. The level of parents’ KAP regarding vaccination was associated with residence, gender, age, and personal opinion in vaccination.

Keywords:
Knowledge, attitude, practice, childhood immunization, parents, Saudi Arabia


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Parents' knowledge, attitude, and practice toward childhood vaccinations, in Saudi Arabia, 2019


Authors
Waleed A Alsalhi
Assistant professor of dermatology, College of Medicine, Majmaah University, Majmaah, Saudi Arabia
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Mansour Mohammed Alqurashi
Consultant pediatrics, Clinical Associate Professor, Alyamama Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Fatemah M Albarghawi
Medical Intern, AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Fatimah Abdullah AlMuhanna
Medical Intern, AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Alhanouf Hussein Alahmari
Resident, Khamis Mushait Maternity and Children Hospital, Khamis Mushait, Saudi Arabia
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Abdullah Yahya Aldhban
Resident, Prince Sultan Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Hamdan Dhafer Alshehri
Resident, King Fahad Medical City Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Turki Abdullah AlJaloud
Student, Clinical Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Ghadah Abdulrahman Albalawi
Medical Intern, Hail University, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Waleed A. Alsalhi, Assistant professor of dermatology, College of Medicine, Majmaah University, Majmaah, Saudi Arabia.; w.alsalhi@mu.edu.sa

Publication history
Received 05 Jan 2020
Accepted 14 Jan 2020
Published online 14 Jan 2020
Published in print 11 Apr 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alsalhi WA, Alqurashi MM, Albarghawi FM, AlMuhanna FA, Alahmari AH, Aldhban AY, Alshehri HD, AlJaloud TA, Albalawi GA. Parents' knowledge, attitude, and practice toward childhood vaccinations, in Saudi Arabia, 2019. IJMDC. 2020; 4(4): 781-787. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578242191


Web Style

Alsalhi WA, Alqurashi MM, Albarghawi FM, AlMuhanna FA, Alahmari AH, Aldhban AY, Alshehri HD, AlJaloud TA, Albalawi GA. Parents' knowledge, attitude, and practice toward childhood vaccinations, in Saudi Arabia, 2019. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=80724 [Access: July 14, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578242191


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alsalhi WA, Alqurashi MM, Albarghawi FM, AlMuhanna FA, Alahmari AH, Aldhban AY, Alshehri HD, AlJaloud TA, Albalawi GA. Parents' knowledge, attitude, and practice toward childhood vaccinations, in Saudi Arabia, 2019. IJMDC. 2020; 4(4): 781-787. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578242191


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alsalhi WA, Alqurashi MM, Albarghawi FM, AlMuhanna FA, Alahmari AH, Aldhban AY, Alshehri HD, AlJaloud TA, Albalawi GA. Parents' knowledge, attitude, and practice toward childhood vaccinations, in Saudi Arabia, 2019. IJMDC. (2020), [cited July 14, 2020]; 4(4): 781-787. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578242191


Harvard Style

Alsalhi, W. A., Alqurashi, . M. M., Albarghawi, . F. M., AlMuhanna, . F. A., Alahmari, . A. H., Aldhban, . A. Y., Alshehri, . H. D., AlJaloud, . T. A. & Albalawi, . G. A. (2020) Parents' knowledge, attitude, and practice toward childhood vaccinations, in Saudi Arabia, 2019. IJMDC, 4 (4), 781-787. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578242191


Turabian Style

Alsalhi, Waleed A., Mansour Mohammed Alqurashi, Fatemah M. Albarghawi, Fatimah Abdullah AlMuhanna, Alhanouf Hussein Alahmari, Abdullah Yahya Aldhban, Hamdan Dhafer Alshehri, Turki Abdullah AlJaloud, and Ghadah Abdulrahman Albalawi. 2020. Parents' knowledge, attitude, and practice toward childhood vaccinations, in Saudi Arabia, 2019. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (4), 781-787. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578242191


Chicago Style

Alsalhi, Waleed A., Mansour Mohammed Alqurashi, Fatemah M. Albarghawi, Fatimah Abdullah AlMuhanna, Alhanouf Hussein Alahmari, Abdullah Yahya Aldhban, Hamdan Dhafer Alshehri, Turki Abdullah AlJaloud, and Ghadah Abdulrahman Albalawi. "Parents' knowledge, attitude, and practice toward childhood vaccinations, in Saudi Arabia, 2019." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 781-787. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578242191


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alsalhi, Waleed A., Mansour Mohammed Alqurashi, Fatemah M. Albarghawi, Fatimah Abdullah AlMuhanna, Alhanouf Hussein Alahmari, Abdullah Yahya Aldhban, Hamdan Dhafer Alshehri, Turki Abdullah AlJaloud, and Ghadah Abdulrahman Albalawi. "Parents' knowledge, attitude, and practice toward childhood vaccinations, in Saudi Arabia, 2019." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.4 (2020), 781-787. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578242191


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alsalhi, W. A., Alqurashi, . M. M., Albarghawi, . F. M., AlMuhanna, . F. A., Alahmari, . A. H., Aldhban, . A. Y., Alshehri, . H. D., AlJaloud, . T. A. & Albalawi, . G. A. (2020) Parents' knowledge, attitude, and practice toward childhood vaccinations, in Saudi Arabia, 2019. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (4), 781-787. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578242191


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