IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 513-517

Antimicrobial resistance in general ICUs in Saudi Arabia; a systematic review

Authors: Malak Salman Alharbi, Yasir Abdullah Alharbi, Abdulrahman Waleed Bagar, Alaa Abbas Kurdi, Ethar Ahmad Boudal, Fahad Hatem Aman, Malak Salman Alharbi, Khalid Ghalilah.

ABSTRACT

Critically ill patients admitted to the Intensive care unit (ICU) have demonstrated an increased incidence of antimicrobial resistance compared to other hospitalized patients. Therefore, efforts should be exerted to reveal the contributing epidemiological factors for antimicrobial resistance to reduce mortality as well as health care costs. This study aims to explore the literature to evaluate the epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance in general ICU in Saudi Arabia. The literature was reviewed through the PubMed database in the duration between 2009 and 2019. Search terms included a combination of antimicrobial resistance, general ICU and Saudi. The findings were then filtered to include original research articles investigating antimicrobial resistance in general ICUs in Saudi Arabia. A total of 89 articles were retrieved. Following the exclusion of articles on animals and including trials only on humans, 23 articles appeared. A total of six articles were considered as eligible, published between 2009 and 2019, covering a total of 10,071 bacterial isolates from general ICUs in Saudi Arabia. The trials included respiratory tract, urinary tract, and bloodstream infections. The study concludes that the incidence of antimicrobial resistance in general ICUs in Saudi Arabia is high and alarming. Future studies should focus on exploring solutions for this critical problem in Saudi Arabia.

Keywords:
Antimicrobial resistance, intensive care, ICU, nosocomial infections


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Antimicrobial resistance in general ICUs in Saudi Arabia; a systematic review


Authors
Malak Salman Alharbi
Resident Internal Medicine, Madinah General Hospital, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Yasir Abdullah Alharbi
Resident General Surgery, Ohud Hospital, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulrahman Waleed Bagar
Resident ER, Madinah General Hospital, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Alaa Abbas Kurdi
Resident ER, Madinah General Hospital, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Ethar Ahmad Boudal
Resident ER, Madinah General Hospital, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Fahad Hatem Aman
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Malak Salman Alharbi
Medical Intern, Central South University, Saudi Arabia
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Khalid Ghalilah
Head of the Department of Internal Medicine in MGH, ID Consultant, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Malak Salman Alharbi, Taibah University, Saudi Arabia.; malaksnal22@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 12 Dec 2019
Accepted 26 Dec 2019
Published online 04 Jan 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alharbi MS, Alharbi YA, Bagar AW, Kurdi AA, Boudal EA, Aman FH, Alharbi MS, Ghalilah K. Antimicrobial resistance in general ICUs in Saudi Arabia; a systematic review. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 513-517. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576135858


Web Style

Alharbi MS, Alharbi YA, Bagar AW, Kurdi AA, Boudal EA, Aman FH, Alharbi MS, Ghalilah K. Antimicrobial resistance in general ICUs in Saudi Arabia; a systematic review. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=77698 [Access: August 03, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576135858


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alharbi MS, Alharbi YA, Bagar AW, Kurdi AA, Boudal EA, Aman FH, Alharbi MS, Ghalilah K. Antimicrobial resistance in general ICUs in Saudi Arabia; a systematic review. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 513-517. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576135858


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alharbi MS, Alharbi YA, Bagar AW, Kurdi AA, Boudal EA, Aman FH, Alharbi MS, Ghalilah K. Antimicrobial resistance in general ICUs in Saudi Arabia; a systematic review. IJMDC. (2020), [cited August 03, 2020]; 4(2): 513-517. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576135858


Harvard Style

Alharbi, M. S., Alharbi, . Y. A., Bagar, . A. W., Kurdi, . A. A., Boudal, . E. A., Aman, . F. H., Alharbi, . M. S. & Ghalilah, . K. (2020) Antimicrobial resistance in general ICUs in Saudi Arabia; a systematic review. IJMDC, 4 (2), 513-517. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576135858


Turabian Style

Alharbi, Malak Salman, Yasir Abdullah Alharbi, Abdulrahman Waleed Bagar, Alaa Abbas Kurdi, Ethar Ahmad Boudal, Fahad Hatem Aman, Malak Salman Alharbi, and Khalid Ghalilah. 2020. Antimicrobial resistance in general ICUs in Saudi Arabia; a systematic review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 513-517. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576135858


Chicago Style

Alharbi, Malak Salman, Yasir Abdullah Alharbi, Abdulrahman Waleed Bagar, Alaa Abbas Kurdi, Ethar Ahmad Boudal, Fahad Hatem Aman, Malak Salman Alharbi, and Khalid Ghalilah. "Antimicrobial resistance in general ICUs in Saudi Arabia; a systematic review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 513-517. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576135858


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alharbi, Malak Salman, Yasir Abdullah Alharbi, Abdulrahman Waleed Bagar, Alaa Abbas Kurdi, Ethar Ahmad Boudal, Fahad Hatem Aman, Malak Salman Alharbi, and Khalid Ghalilah. "Antimicrobial resistance in general ICUs in Saudi Arabia; a systematic review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.2 (2020), 513-517. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576135858


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alharbi, M. S., Alharbi, . Y. A., Bagar, . A. W., Kurdi, . A. A., Boudal, . E. A., Aman, . F. H., Alharbi, . M. S. & Ghalilah, . K. (2020) Antimicrobial resistance in general ICUs in Saudi Arabia; a systematic review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 513-517. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576135858


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