Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 223-228

Knowledge toward diabetes risk factors and complications of diabetes mellitus among adults in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Baraa Faiez Rajab, Anwar Essa Alamri, Ali Essa Alamri, Rawan Fouad Al Yaqoub, Samah Faisal Ahmed.

ABSTRACT

Background: Diabetes is a major cause of morbidity globally. Risk factors for diabetes are either modifiable or non-modifiable. Prevention or controlling of these risk factors can reduce the incidence of diabetes or at least minimize the risk of complications. Therefore, the knowledge about these risk factors and diabetes complications is crucial. This survey analysis aims to explore the level of knowledge among adult males and females in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia toward risk factors of diabetes and diabetes complications. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional, qualitative prospective study that was carried out in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. A self-administered structured questionnaire was distributed electronically among adult males and females. Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS) IBM Corp, Armonk, NY was used to perform all statistical calculations, version 21 for Microsoft Windows. Results: A total of 321 participants responded to this survey. The maximum achieved score was 18, while the minimum score was 2, while the average score for knowledge questions was (5.84 2.967). Also, there was a significant difference in average total score over different educational levels (p-value < 0.001), where those with postgraduate degrees had a higher average score (7.32) compared to other educational levels. Furthermore, employed responders showed a significantly better score (6.17), and patients who have regular visits with their doctors had significantly higher scores (6.56) (p-value = 0.018). Conclusion: The level of knowledge of the Saudi population toward diabetes and its complications is considered unsatisfactory. Further studies are needed to find correlations between the incidence of diabetes complications and the level of knowledge of patients towards diabetes and the reasons for developing complications.

Keywords:
Diabetic patient, diabetes mellitus, diabetes complications, diabetes risk factors


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Knowledge toward diabetes risk factors and complications of diabetes mellitus among adults in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Baraa Faiez Rajab
King Abdulaziz Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Anwar Essa Alamri
King Abdulaziz Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ali Essa Alamri
King Abdullah Medical Complex, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rawan Fouad Al Yaqoub
King Abdulaziz Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Samah Faisal Ahmed
King Abdulaziz Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Baraa Faiez Rajab, King Abdulaziz Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.; baraarajab@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 29 Nov 2019
Accepted 07 Dec 2019
Published online 25 Dec 2019
Published in print 13 Jan 2020

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Pubmed Style

Rajab BF, Alamri AE, Alamri AE, Yaqoub RFA, Ahmed SF. Knowledge toward diabetes risk factors and complications of diabetes mellitus among adults in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 223-228. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575062896


Web Style

Rajab BF, Alamri AE, Alamri AE, Yaqoub RFA, Ahmed SF. Knowledge toward diabetes risk factors and complications of diabetes mellitus among adults in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=75971 [Access: January 25, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575062896


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rajab BF, Alamri AE, Alamri AE, Yaqoub RFA, Ahmed SF. Knowledge toward diabetes risk factors and complications of diabetes mellitus among adults in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 223-228. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575062896


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rajab BF, Alamri AE, Alamri AE, Yaqoub RFA, Ahmed SF. Knowledge toward diabetes risk factors and complications of diabetes mellitus among adults in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited January 25, 2020]; 4(1): 223-228. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575062896


Harvard Style

Rajab, B. F., Alamri, . A. E., Alamri, . A. E., Yaqoub, . R. F. A. & Ahmed, . S. F. (2020) Knowledge toward diabetes risk factors and complications of diabetes mellitus among adults in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (1), 223-228. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575062896


Turabian Style

Rajab, Baraa Faiez, Anwar Essa Alamri, Ali Essa Alamri, Rawan Fouad Al Yaqoub, and Samah Faisal Ahmed. 2020. Knowledge toward diabetes risk factors and complications of diabetes mellitus among adults in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 223-228. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575062896


Chicago Style

Rajab, Baraa Faiez, Anwar Essa Alamri, Ali Essa Alamri, Rawan Fouad Al Yaqoub, and Samah Faisal Ahmed. "Knowledge toward diabetes risk factors and complications of diabetes mellitus among adults in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 223-228. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575062896


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rajab, Baraa Faiez, Anwar Essa Alamri, Ali Essa Alamri, Rawan Fouad Al Yaqoub, and Samah Faisal Ahmed. "Knowledge toward diabetes risk factors and complications of diabetes mellitus among adults in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.1 (2020), 223-228. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575062896


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rajab, B. F., Alamri, . A. E., Alamri, . A. E., Yaqoub, . R. F. A. & Ahmed, . S. F. (2020) Knowledge toward diabetes risk factors and complications of diabetes mellitus among adults in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 223-228. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575062896


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