Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 309-312

Smoking, reasons for initiation and barriers of cessation: a cross-sectional study among the population of Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Amar Fathi Mohamed Khalifa, Omar Abdullah Alahmari, Mamdouh Alharbi, Abdullah Alruwili, Shalhoub Alqahtani, Omar Alanazi, Fadi Alhalabi, Eqab Alotibi, Abdulmanea Alwayili, Abdullah Aloggael, Abdulellah Almoutairi, Hamad Abdulraazzaq.

ABSTRACT

Background: Around six million people die annually worldwide by tobacco smoking-related diseases, on average smokers die 10 years earlier than non-smokers. The current study was conducted to identify reasons for smoking initiation and barriers of tobacco cessation among Riyadh population. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out with a sample size of 389 smokers who were students in Medical Colleges in Riyadh city. The data collection method was interviewer-administered. The data were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 20, Microsoft Excel was used to generate figures and charts, and a p value of less than 0.5 was considered as significant. Consent was obtained before the data collection. Results: The majority of our respondents were in the age of 22-25 (51.9%) and lived in Riyadh city. Among the total, 43.2% of respondents had an age of initiation from 19 to 22, and the main cause of initiation was stress in 35.2% of respondents. The majority of our respondents smoked the first cigarette with a friend (50.6%). Almost half of the respondents (45%) said that the price of cigarettes was not a reason for cessation. The majority of respondents said that stress was the reason they returned to smoking after cessation (66.82%), who stopped smoking did not visit antismoking clinics. Conclusion: The majority of our participants started smoking at young ages under 22 years old, the commonest reason for initiation was stress followed by free time. Around half of our participants attempted to quit smoking and cessation main barriers were smoker friends and withdrawal symptoms. There was no relation between antismoking clinics visit and tobacco cessation.

Keywords:
Smoking, prevalence, knowledge, Saudi Arabia


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Smoking, reasons for initiation and barriers of cessation: a cross-sectional study among the population of Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Amar Fathi Mohamed Khalifa
College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Omar Abdullah Alahmari
College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Mamdouh Alharbi
College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Abdullah Alruwili
College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Shalhoub Alqahtani
College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Omar Alanazi
College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Fadi Alhalabi
College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Eqab Alotibi
College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulmanea Alwayili
College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Abdullah Aloggael
College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulellah Almoutairi
College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Hamad Abdulraazzaq
College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Omar Abdullah Alahmari, College of Medicine, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; omar_alsalem@outlook.com

Publication history
Received 05 Nov 2019
Accepted 03 Jan 2020
Published online 13 Jan 2020

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Pubmed Style

Khalifa AFM, Alahmari OA, Alharbi M, Alruwili A, Alqahtani S, Alanazi O, Alhalabi F, Alotibi E, Alwayili A, Aloggael A, Almoutairi A, Abdulraazzaq H. Smoking, reasons for initiation and barriers of cessation: a cross-sectional study among the population of Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 309-312. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1572887837


Web Style

Khalifa AFM, Alahmari OA, Alharbi M, Alruwili A, Alqahtani S, Alanazi O, Alhalabi F, Alotibi E, Alwayili A, Aloggael A, Almoutairi A, Abdulraazzaq H. Smoking, reasons for initiation and barriers of cessation: a cross-sectional study among the population of Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=72372 [Access: August 03, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1572887837


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khalifa AFM, Alahmari OA, Alharbi M, Alruwili A, Alqahtani S, Alanazi O, Alhalabi F, Alotibi E, Alwayili A, Aloggael A, Almoutairi A, Abdulraazzaq H. Smoking, reasons for initiation and barriers of cessation: a cross-sectional study among the population of Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 309-312. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1572887837


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khalifa AFM, Alahmari OA, Alharbi M, Alruwili A, Alqahtani S, Alanazi O, Alhalabi F, Alotibi E, Alwayili A, Aloggael A, Almoutairi A, Abdulraazzaq H. Smoking, reasons for initiation and barriers of cessation: a cross-sectional study among the population of Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited August 03, 2020]; 4(2): 309-312. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1572887837


Harvard Style

Khalifa, A. F. M., Alahmari, . O. A., Alharbi, . M., Alruwili, . A., Alqahtani, . S., Alanazi, . O., Alhalabi, . F., Alotibi, . E., Alwayili, . A., Aloggael, . A., Almoutairi, . A. & Abdulraazzaq, . H. (2020) Smoking, reasons for initiation and barriers of cessation: a cross-sectional study among the population of Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (2), 309-312. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1572887837


Turabian Style

Khalifa, Amar Fathi Mohamed, Omar Abdullah Alahmari, Mamdouh Alharbi, Abdullah Alruwili, Shalhoub Alqahtani, Omar Alanazi, Fadi Alhalabi, Eqab Alotibi, Abdulmanea Alwayili, Abdullah Aloggael, Abdulellah Almoutairi, and Hamad Abdulraazzaq. 2020. Smoking, reasons for initiation and barriers of cessation: a cross-sectional study among the population of Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 309-312. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1572887837


Chicago Style

Khalifa, Amar Fathi Mohamed, Omar Abdullah Alahmari, Mamdouh Alharbi, Abdullah Alruwili, Shalhoub Alqahtani, Omar Alanazi, Fadi Alhalabi, Eqab Alotibi, Abdulmanea Alwayili, Abdullah Aloggael, Abdulellah Almoutairi, and Hamad Abdulraazzaq. "Smoking, reasons for initiation and barriers of cessation: a cross-sectional study among the population of Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 309-312. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1572887837


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khalifa, Amar Fathi Mohamed, Omar Abdullah Alahmari, Mamdouh Alharbi, Abdullah Alruwili, Shalhoub Alqahtani, Omar Alanazi, Fadi Alhalabi, Eqab Alotibi, Abdulmanea Alwayili, Abdullah Aloggael, Abdulellah Almoutairi, and Hamad Abdulraazzaq. "Smoking, reasons for initiation and barriers of cessation: a cross-sectional study among the population of Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.2 (2020), 309-312. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1572887837


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khalifa, A. F. M., Alahmari, . O. A., Alharbi, . M., Alruwili, . A., Alqahtani, . S., Alanazi, . O., Alhalabi, . F., Alotibi, . E., Alwayili, . A., Aloggael, . A., Almoutairi, . A. & Abdulraazzaq, . H. (2020) Smoking, reasons for initiation and barriers of cessation: a cross-sectional study among the population of Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 309-312. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1572887837


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