Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 61-67

Knowledge and barriers to screening for colorectal cancer among Saudis in Riyadh city using health belief model

Authors: Norah Alrashed, Shehana Salem Alqahtani, Hala Al Qahtani, Ahmed Alrashed, Hala Elmorshedy.

ABSTRACT

Background: Despite the availability of different effective screening tools for colorectal cancer, the compliance to screening remains a huge issue. Thereby, the study aimed to explore the level of knowledge about colorectal cancer, its screening tools and the possible barriers associated with poor compliance to screening. Methodology: It is a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study conducted amongst 200 adults aging at least 40 years. Questionnaire assessed demographic data, knowledge about signs and symptoms, risk factors of colorectal cancer, and barriers to screening in a health belief model approach. Results: Out of total 200 individuals, there were 156 females (78%) and 44 males (22%). The overall mean age was 55.76 8.23. Almost 11.5% participants reported a family history of colorectal cancer (CRC). The Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) and colonoscopy for screening were requested for only 26.5% and 12% participants, respectively. No statistical difference was reported between females and males when it came to knowledge about CRC. High fiber diet, having diabetes and hypertension increase the risk of developing colorectal cancer. Majority of participants perceived the value of colonoscopy and FOBT; however, they reported the following barriers for screening: painful procedure of colonoscopy (42%), fear of the results (40%), and fear of cancer therapy (38%). Conclusion: Despite the availability of effective tools for CRC screening, FOBT and colonoscopy are not used the way they should be, which results in underscreening of the population.

Keywords:
Colorectal cancer, screening, Saudi Arabia, knowledge, barriers, survey


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Knowledge and barriers to screening for colorectal cancer among Saudis in Riyadh city using health belief model


Authors
Norah Alrashed
Medical Intern, College of Medicine Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Shehana Salem Alqahtani
Medical Intern, College of Medicine Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hala Al Qahtani
Medical Intern, College of Medicine Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Ahmed Alrashed
Medical Student, Shaqra University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Hala Elmorshedy
Professor of Public Health, High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University Faculty of Medicine, & Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Shehana Salem Alqahtani, Medical Intern, College of Medicine Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; alqahtanishehanah@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 10 Oct 2019
Accepted 04 Nov 2019
Published online 25 Dec 2019
Published in print 13 Jan 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alrashed N, Alqahtani SS, Qahtani HA, Alrashed A, Elmorshedy H. Knowledge and barriers to screening for colorectal cancer among Saudis in Riyadh city using health belief model. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 61-67. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1570715299


Web Style

Alrashed N, Alqahtani SS, Qahtani HA, Alrashed A, Elmorshedy H. Knowledge and barriers to screening for colorectal cancer among Saudis in Riyadh city using health belief model. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=69077 [Access: August 04, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1570715299


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alrashed N, Alqahtani SS, Qahtani HA, Alrashed A, Elmorshedy H. Knowledge and barriers to screening for colorectal cancer among Saudis in Riyadh city using health belief model. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 61-67. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1570715299


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alrashed N, Alqahtani SS, Qahtani HA, Alrashed A, Elmorshedy H. Knowledge and barriers to screening for colorectal cancer among Saudis in Riyadh city using health belief model. IJMDC. (2020), [cited August 04, 2020]; 4(1): 61-67. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1570715299


Harvard Style

Alrashed, N., Alqahtani, . S. S., Qahtani, . H. A., Alrashed, . A. & Elmorshedy, . H. (2020) Knowledge and barriers to screening for colorectal cancer among Saudis in Riyadh city using health belief model. IJMDC, 4 (1), 61-67. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1570715299


Turabian Style

Alrashed, Norah, Shehana Salem Alqahtani, Hala Al Qahtani, Ahmed Alrashed, and Hala Elmorshedy. 2020. Knowledge and barriers to screening for colorectal cancer among Saudis in Riyadh city using health belief model. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 61-67. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1570715299


Chicago Style

Alrashed, Norah, Shehana Salem Alqahtani, Hala Al Qahtani, Ahmed Alrashed, and Hala Elmorshedy. "Knowledge and barriers to screening for colorectal cancer among Saudis in Riyadh city using health belief model." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 61-67. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1570715299


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alrashed, Norah, Shehana Salem Alqahtani, Hala Al Qahtani, Ahmed Alrashed, and Hala Elmorshedy. "Knowledge and barriers to screening for colorectal cancer among Saudis in Riyadh city using health belief model." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.1 (2020), 61-67. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1570715299


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alrashed, N., Alqahtani, . S. S., Qahtani, . H. A., Alrashed, . A. & Elmorshedy, . H. (2020) Knowledge and barriers to screening for colorectal cancer among Saudis in Riyadh city using health belief model. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 61-67. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1570715299


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