Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(7): 592-596

Awareness level of women living in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia about the relationship between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer.

Authors: Maithaa Mohammed Ali AlHarfi, Jawaher Khalid Ahmed Aljadidi, Sayed Ibrahim Ali, Suha Jafar Al Bahrani.

ABSTRACT

Background: Cervical cancer is cancer arising from the cervix. It is caused due to the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Cervical cancer is the second most prevalent cancer worldwide after breast cancer. An infection caused due to the high-risk strain of the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is one of the important risk factors that lead to cervical cancer. The high incidence of cervical cancers attributes the lack of awareness about the disease and its risk factors as well as its prevention methods among the general population. Hence this study aimed at assessing the knowledge and the awareness level of cervical cancer and its relationship between HPV among women living in the Al-Ahsa region of Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 242 married women aged between 15-40 years randomly chosen from Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. The data collection for the study was done using a questionnaire containing the socio-demographic profile of the participants, their knowledge and awareness about the risk factors of cervical cancer, and their attitude toward the risk factors. The collected data were statistically analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21. Chi-square tests and logistic regression models were used for association analysis. Associations were considered statistically significant at a p-value< 0.05. Results: The present study found that the majority of the studied subjects had basic knowledge about cervical cancer, but a very limited of them (31.8%) knew about HPV. Further, a very minor portion of the studied subjects (21.1%) had knowledge about the HPV vaccine and Pap smear test. Conclusion: The major cause for a reduced percentage of the knowledge levels regarding the relationship between cervical cancer and HPV among the studied subjects could be attributed to their limited awareness about cervical cancer and its risk factors, and to the inadequate health awareness received regarding its prevention methods. So, stepping up the campaign for the control of cervical cancer, as well as improving the health awareness programs concerning about screening procedures and vaccination available against HPV could create a great impact on the awareness level of women about the association between HPV and cervical cancer.

Keywords:
Human papillomavirus, cervical cancer, awareness.


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Awareness level of women living in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia about the relationship between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer.


Authors
Maithaa Mohammed Ali AlHarfi
College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Jawaher Khalid Ahmed Aljadidi
College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sayed Ibrahim Ali
College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Suha Jafar Al Bahrani
College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Dr. Sayed Ibrahim Ali. College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Hofuf, Saudi Arabia; drsamas38@gmail.com

Publication history
Published online 01 Jan 1970
Received 21 Jan 2019
Accepted 03 Mar 2019
Published in print 04 Apr 2019

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Pubmed Style

AlHarfi MMA, Aljadidi JKA, Ali SI, Bahrani SJA. Awareness level of women living in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia about the relationship between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer.. IJMDC. 2019; 3(7): 592-596. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548091380


Web Style

AlHarfi MMA, Aljadidi JKA, Ali SI, Bahrani SJA. Awareness level of women living in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia about the relationship between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer.. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=27331 [Access: October 18, 2019]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548091380


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

AlHarfi MMA, Aljadidi JKA, Ali SI, Bahrani SJA. Awareness level of women living in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia about the relationship between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer.. IJMDC. 2019; 3(7): 592-596. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548091380


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

AlHarfi MMA, Aljadidi JKA, Ali SI, Bahrani SJA. Awareness level of women living in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia about the relationship between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer.. IJMDC. (2019), [cited October 18, 2019]; 3(7): 592-596. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548091380


Harvard Style

AlHarfi, M. M. A., Aljadidi, . J. K. A., Ali, . S. I. & Bahrani, . S. J. A. (2019) Awareness level of women living in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia about the relationship between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer.. IJMDC, 3 (7), 592-596. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548091380


Turabian Style

AlHarfi, Maithaa Mohammed Ali, Jawaher Khalid Ahmed Aljadidi, Sayed Ibrahim Ali, and Suha Jafar Al Bahrani. 2019. Awareness level of women living in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia about the relationship between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer.. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (7), 592-596. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548091380


Chicago Style

AlHarfi, Maithaa Mohammed Ali, Jawaher Khalid Ahmed Aljadidi, Sayed Ibrahim Ali, and Suha Jafar Al Bahrani. "Awareness level of women living in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia about the relationship between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer.." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 592-596. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548091380


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

AlHarfi, Maithaa Mohammed Ali, Jawaher Khalid Ahmed Aljadidi, Sayed Ibrahim Ali, and Suha Jafar Al Bahrani. "Awareness level of women living in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia about the relationship between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer.." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.7 (2019), 592-596. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548091380


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

AlHarfi, M. M. A., Aljadidi, . J. K. A., Ali, . S. I. & Bahrani, . S. J. A. (2019) Awareness level of women living in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia about the relationship between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer.. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (7), 592-596. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548091380


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