Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1364-1369

The impact of maternal hypothyroidism on the neonatal outcomes in Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Osama A. Alshaya, Mohammed Alsayed, Khalid Alhussein, Abdullah D. Alotaibi, Saleh M. Alkhonezan, Abdulrahman A. Alshuwayrikh, Mosleh Jabari, Omar bashir, Elham fathy, Mohammed Jalal.

ABSTRACT

Background: Pregnancy has numerous metabolic and hormonal changes that could trigger a complex and profound impact on thyroid function. The present study aims to determine the association of maternal hypothyroidism with neonatal outcomes in the Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A retrospective descriptive cohort study was conducted in Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia from 1st of January to 31 December 2016, including all neonates who were admitted with the maternal hypothyroidism patients. We carefully obtained the data from electronic medical records then analyzed them on statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) version 23. The present study was ethically approved by the ethical committee of Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Results: The difference of preterm delivery, sex ratio, Apgar score (at 1 and 5 minutes), and normal growth between mothers with overt and mothers with subclinical maternal hypothyroidism was not found statistically significant. However, neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission was more associated with neonates of mothers with overt hypothyroidism (11.8% vs. 7.2%; p = 0.064). Neonates of mothers with hypothyroidism were negatively associated with NICU admission compared to neonates of mothers with euthyroidism (odds ratio: 0.67, 95% CI: 0.51-0.88; p-value: 0.0037). Conclusion: The present study suggests that a mother with hypothyroidism will require nothing but similar treatment as a mother with euthyroidism routinely required in terms of infant workup, follow up, and post-delivery care.

Keywords:
Hypothyroidism, neonatal intensive care unit, neonatal outcome, neonatal screening, congenital hypothyroidism, maternal health


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The impact of maternal hypothyroidism on the neonatal outcomes in Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Osama A Alshaya
College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Alsayed
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Khalid Alhussein
Department of Pediatrics, Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdullah D Alotaibi
College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Saleh M Alkhonezan
College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulrahman A Alshuwayrikh
College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mosleh Jabari
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Omar bashir
Department of Pediatrics, Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Elham fathy
Department of Pediatrics, Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Mohammed Jalal
Department of Pediatrics, Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Osama A Alshaya, College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; O.a.alshaya@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 05 Jul 2020
Accepted 19 Jul 2020
Published online 11 Aug 2020
Published in print 08 Sep 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alshaya OA, Alsayed M, Alhussein K, Alotaibi AD, Alkhonezan SM, Alshuwayrikh AA, Jabari M, bashir O, fathy E, Jalal M. The impact of maternal hypothyroidism on the neonatal outcomes in Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1364-1369. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593908898


Web Style

Alshaya OA, Alsayed M, Alhussein K, Alotaibi AD, Alkhonezan SM, Alshuwayrikh AA, Jabari M, bashir O, fathy E, Jalal M. The impact of maternal hypothyroidism on the neonatal outcomes in Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=21838 [Access: October 25, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593908898


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alshaya OA, Alsayed M, Alhussein K, Alotaibi AD, Alkhonezan SM, Alshuwayrikh AA, Jabari M, bashir O, fathy E, Jalal M. The impact of maternal hypothyroidism on the neonatal outcomes in Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1364-1369. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593908898


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alshaya OA, Alsayed M, Alhussein K, Alotaibi AD, Alkhonezan SM, Alshuwayrikh AA, Jabari M, bashir O, fathy E, Jalal M. The impact of maternal hypothyroidism on the neonatal outcomes in Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited October 25, 2020]; 4(9): 1364-1369. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593908898


Harvard Style

Alshaya, O. A., Alsayed, . M., Alhussein, . K., Alotaibi, . A. D., Alkhonezan, . S. M., Alshuwayrikh, . A. A., Jabari, . M., bashir, . O., fathy, . E. & Jalal, . M. (2020) The impact of maternal hypothyroidism on the neonatal outcomes in Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (9), 1364-1369. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593908898


Turabian Style

Alshaya, Osama A., Mohammed Alsayed, Khalid Alhussein, Abdullah D. Alotaibi, Saleh M. Alkhonezan, Abdulrahman A. Alshuwayrikh, Mosleh Jabari, Omar bashir, Elham fathy, and Mohammed Jalal. 2020. The impact of maternal hypothyroidism on the neonatal outcomes in Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (9), 1364-1369. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593908898


Chicago Style

Alshaya, Osama A., Mohammed Alsayed, Khalid Alhussein, Abdullah D. Alotaibi, Saleh M. Alkhonezan, Abdulrahman A. Alshuwayrikh, Mosleh Jabari, Omar bashir, Elham fathy, and Mohammed Jalal. "The impact of maternal hypothyroidism on the neonatal outcomes in Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1364-1369. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593908898


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alshaya, Osama A., Mohammed Alsayed, Khalid Alhussein, Abdullah D. Alotaibi, Saleh M. Alkhonezan, Abdulrahman A. Alshuwayrikh, Mosleh Jabari, Omar bashir, Elham fathy, and Mohammed Jalal. "The impact of maternal hypothyroidism on the neonatal outcomes in Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.9 (2020), 1364-1369. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593908898


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alshaya, O. A., Alsayed, . M., Alhussein, . K., Alotaibi, . A. D., Alkhonezan, . S. M., Alshuwayrikh, . A. A., Jabari, . M., bashir, . O., fathy, . E. & Jalal, . M. (2020) The impact of maternal hypothyroidism on the neonatal outcomes in Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (9), 1364-1369. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1593908898


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