Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1583-1587

The prevalence of the most common aeroallergy among atopic patients in King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah

Authors: Nouf Aldawsari, Saleh Almatrafi, Sulafah Sendi, Mahmoud Khan, Loie Goronfolah, Ghassan Sukkar.

ABSTRACT

Background: In the Middle East, both asthma and allergic rhinitis (AR) are the most common atopic respiratory diseases. The increase in their prevalence is associated with an increase in the types of allergens. Aeroallergens vary in different regions and countries. This study was conducted to assess the prevalence of aeroallergen sensitivity among patients with atopic diseases at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC) in Jeddah. Methodology: In this retrospective chart review, we included the patients who attended allergy clinic of KAMC in Jeddah from January 2014 to May 2016. The data were collected online. Results: This study included 466 patients, 51.9% males, and more than half of the patients (60.7%) were 14 years old or more. The most common atopic diseases were bronchial asthma (54.5%), followed by AR (52.7%). The most common aeroallergens present were house dust mites (HDMs, 27.9%), followed by pet allergen (17.6%), cockroaches (10.3%), and Bermuda grass (6.2%). Conclusion: HDMs were the most common aeroallergens among atopic patients in KAMC, Jeddah, and the most affected group was pediatrics.

Keywords:
Prevalence, atopic patients, aeroallergy.


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The prevalence of the most common aeroallergy among atopic patients in King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah


Authors
Nouf Aldawsari
Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Saleh Almatrafi
Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Sulafah Sendi
Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Mahmoud Khan
Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Loie Goronfolah
Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Ghassan Sukkar
Consultant Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, King Abdulaziz Medical City (NGHA), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Nouf Aldawsari, Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.; noufmbd@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 21 Aug 2020
Accepted 01 Sep 2020
Published online 13 Sep 2020
Published in print 11 Oct 2020

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Pubmed Style

Aldawsari N, Almatrafi S, Sendi S, Khan M, Goronfolah L, Sukkar G. The prevalence of the most common aeroallergy among atopic patients in King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1583-1587. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598034783


Web Style

Aldawsari N, Almatrafi S, Sendi S, Khan M, Goronfolah L, Sukkar G. The prevalence of the most common aeroallergy among atopic patients in King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=127512 [Access: November 24, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598034783


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Aldawsari N, Almatrafi S, Sendi S, Khan M, Goronfolah L, Sukkar G. The prevalence of the most common aeroallergy among atopic patients in King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1583-1587. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598034783


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Aldawsari N, Almatrafi S, Sendi S, Khan M, Goronfolah L, Sukkar G. The prevalence of the most common aeroallergy among atopic patients in King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah. IJMDC. (2020), [cited November 24, 2020]; 4(10): 1583-1587. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598034783


Harvard Style

Aldawsari, N., Almatrafi, . S., Sendi, . S., Khan, . M., Goronfolah, . L. & Sukkar, . G. (2020) The prevalence of the most common aeroallergy among atopic patients in King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah. IJMDC, 4 (10), 1583-1587. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598034783


Turabian Style

Aldawsari, Nouf, Saleh Almatrafi, Sulafah Sendi, Mahmoud Khan, Loie Goronfolah, and Ghassan Sukkar. 2020. The prevalence of the most common aeroallergy among atopic patients in King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1583-1587. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598034783


Chicago Style

Aldawsari, Nouf, Saleh Almatrafi, Sulafah Sendi, Mahmoud Khan, Loie Goronfolah, and Ghassan Sukkar. "The prevalence of the most common aeroallergy among atopic patients in King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1583-1587. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598034783


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Aldawsari, Nouf, Saleh Almatrafi, Sulafah Sendi, Mahmoud Khan, Loie Goronfolah, and Ghassan Sukkar. "The prevalence of the most common aeroallergy among atopic patients in King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.10 (2020), 1583-1587. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598034783


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Aldawsari, N., Almatrafi, . S., Sendi, . S., Khan, . M., Goronfolah, . L. & Sukkar, . G. (2020) The prevalence of the most common aeroallergy among atopic patients in King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1583-1587. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598034783


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