Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1548-1553

Prevalence of bullying and victimization among primary school students of higher grades in Riyadh: a cross-sectional study

Authors: Bander Haddad, Mohammed Al-Madi, Moath Alsudais, Faisal Almedimegh, Saqer Alharthi, Faisal Aloraini.

ABSTRACT

Background: Bullying is known as aggressive behavior or acting in a way that brings intentional harm that includes an imbalance of power when repeated over time. The current study aimed to know the prevalence, effects, and types of bullying and victimization in primary schools of both males and females. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2020 to May 2020. The targeted population was the students of primary schools in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. After identifying all primary schools in Riyadh, they were divided into five categories according to regions. A self-administered questionnaire was then distributed among 620 students in classrooms in papers. Results: The students who participated in this study were 517 with an 83.3% of response rate. More than half of them were females [286 (55.3%)]. It was found that male students as compared to female students showed statistically significant higher bullying and victimization rates. However, the overall level of bullying and victimization was low. The results revealed that the highest mean score was for the point “other students tease me” at 0.68 (± 0.71), followed by “other students take things from me that I do not want to give them” at 0.64 (± 0.69), whereas the lowest scores were for the points “I want to stay home from school because students are mean to me”, “At recess, I play by myself”, and “I am hit or kicked by other students” at 0.23 (± 0.54), 0.25 (± 0.53), and 0.29 (± 0.54), respectively. Conclusion: The study shows that the levels of bullying and victimization were low among primary school students in Riyadh.

Keywords:
Prevalence, bullying, victimization, primary school, students, Saudi Arabia.


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Prevalence of bullying and victimization among primary school students of higher grades in Riyadh: a cross-sectional study


Authors
Bander Haddad
College of Medicine, Imam Mohammed Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Al-Madi
College of Medicine, Imam Mohammed Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Moath Alsudais
College of Medicine, Imam Mohammed Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Faisal Almedimegh
College of Medicine, Imam Mohammed Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Saqer Alharthi
College of Medicine, Imam Mohammed Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Faisal Aloraini
College of Medicine, Imam Mohammed Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Moath Alsudais, College of Medicine, Imam Mohammed Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; MoathAlsudais@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 01 Aug 2020
Accepted 09 Sep 2020
Published online 16 Sep 2020
Published in print 11 Oct 2020

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Pubmed Style

Haddad B, Al-Madi M, Alsudais M, Almedimegh F, Alharthi S, Aloraini F. Prevalence of bullying and victimization among primary school students of higher grades in Riyadh: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1548-1553. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596284391


Web Style

Haddad B, Al-Madi M, Alsudais M, Almedimegh F, Alharthi S, Aloraini F. Prevalence of bullying and victimization among primary school students of higher grades in Riyadh: a cross-sectional study. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=118116 [Access: November 24, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596284391


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Haddad B, Al-Madi M, Alsudais M, Almedimegh F, Alharthi S, Aloraini F. Prevalence of bullying and victimization among primary school students of higher grades in Riyadh: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1548-1553. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596284391


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Haddad B, Al-Madi M, Alsudais M, Almedimegh F, Alharthi S, Aloraini F. Prevalence of bullying and victimization among primary school students of higher grades in Riyadh: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. (2020), [cited November 24, 2020]; 4(10): 1548-1553. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596284391


Harvard Style

Haddad, B., Al-Madi, . M., Alsudais, . M., Almedimegh, . F., Alharthi, . S. & Aloraini, . F. (2020) Prevalence of bullying and victimization among primary school students of higher grades in Riyadh: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC, 4 (10), 1548-1553. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596284391


Turabian Style

Haddad, Bander, Mohammed Al-Madi, Moath Alsudais, Faisal Almedimegh, Saqer Alharthi, and Faisal Aloraini. 2020. Prevalence of bullying and victimization among primary school students of higher grades in Riyadh: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1548-1553. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596284391


Chicago Style

Haddad, Bander, Mohammed Al-Madi, Moath Alsudais, Faisal Almedimegh, Saqer Alharthi, and Faisal Aloraini. "Prevalence of bullying and victimization among primary school students of higher grades in Riyadh: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1548-1553. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596284391


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Haddad, Bander, Mohammed Al-Madi, Moath Alsudais, Faisal Almedimegh, Saqer Alharthi, and Faisal Aloraini. "Prevalence of bullying and victimization among primary school students of higher grades in Riyadh: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.10 (2020), 1548-1553. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596284391


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Haddad, B., Al-Madi, . M., Alsudais, . M., Almedimegh, . F., Alharthi, . S. & Aloraini, . F. (2020) Prevalence of bullying and victimization among primary school students of higher grades in Riyadh: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1548-1553. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596284391


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