IJMDC. 2022; 6(5): 768-774

Prevalence and associated risk factors, awareness, and knowledge of gastroesophageal reflux disease among health-related students in Saudi Arabia: a systematic review

Authors: Salah Bakry, Mohannad Hemdi.

ABSTRACT

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a prevalent global chronic digestive disease that has significant consequences for one’s quality of life, health, and financial well-being. It is vital to recognize the current risk factors to take preventative steps. The current review aims to collect the current evidence regarding the prevalence, associated risk factors, level of awareness, and knowledge of GERD among health-related students in Saudi Arabia. Data were obtained through PubMed, and Google Scholar searches from 2016 until December 2021. Selection criteria were adjusted on the following terms: “gastroesophageal reflux disease,” “GERD,” “prevalence,” “Awareness,” “Knowledge,” “risk factors,” “student,” “health students,” “medical students,” “Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,” “Saudi Arabia,” “KSA.” Modified Newcastle-Ottawa Scale criteria for cross-sectional studies have been utilized to assess the risk of bias and quality of data. The current review was registered with Prospero (CRD42021273651). Overall, four articles were scrutinized and critically appraised based on the eligibility criteria, and relevant articles were selected. The sample size was hugely variable among these studies, ranging between 197 and 1,228, with 2,055 participants. Furthermore, our results show that most of the included studies showed a high level of knowledge and positive attitude except for the single study. Focused nationwide programs are mandatory to increase knowledge among the Saudis’ health-related population. Although some studies have reported positive results, educational campaigns are still recommended for all population groups to improve the results and raise knowledge and awareness.

Keywords:
Gastroesophageal reflux disease, prevalence, risk factors, knowledge, students, Saudi Arabia.


';
Prevalence and associated risk factors, awareness, and knowledge of gastroesophageal reflux disease among health-related students in Saudi Arabia: a systematic review


Authors
Salah Bakry
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah city, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohannad Hemdi
Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah city, Saudi Arabia.; salah.m.bakry@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 06 Mar 2022
Accepted 17 Mar 2022
Published online 04 Apr 2022
Published in print 11 Apr 2022

How to cite this article?

Export to EndNote Export to refMan

Pubmed Style

Bakry S, Hemdi M. Prevalence and associated risk factors, awareness, and knowledge of gastroesophageal reflux disease among health-related students in Saudi Arabia: a systematic review. IJMDC. 2022; 6(5): 768-774. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1646591279


Web Style

Bakry S, Hemdi M. Prevalence and associated risk factors, awareness, and knowledge of gastroesophageal reflux disease among health-related students in Saudi Arabia: a systematic review. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=98286 [Access: July 03, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1646591279


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bakry S, Hemdi M. Prevalence and associated risk factors, awareness, and knowledge of gastroesophageal reflux disease among health-related students in Saudi Arabia: a systematic review. IJMDC. 2022; 6(5): 768-774. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1646591279


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bakry S, Hemdi M. Prevalence and associated risk factors, awareness, and knowledge of gastroesophageal reflux disease among health-related students in Saudi Arabia: a systematic review. IJMDC. (2022), [cited July 03, 2022]; 6(5): 768-774. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1646591279


Harvard Style

Bakry, S. & Hemdi, . M. (2022) Prevalence and associated risk factors, awareness, and knowledge of gastroesophageal reflux disease among health-related students in Saudi Arabia: a systematic review. IJMDC, 6 (5), 768-774. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1646591279


Turabian Style

Bakry, Salah, and Mohannad Hemdi. 2022. Prevalence and associated risk factors, awareness, and knowledge of gastroesophageal reflux disease among health-related students in Saudi Arabia: a systematic review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (5), 768-774. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1646591279


Chicago Style

Bakry, Salah, and Mohannad Hemdi. "Prevalence and associated risk factors, awareness, and knowledge of gastroesophageal reflux disease among health-related students in Saudi Arabia: a systematic review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 768-774. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1646591279


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bakry, Salah, and Mohannad Hemdi. "Prevalence and associated risk factors, awareness, and knowledge of gastroesophageal reflux disease among health-related students in Saudi Arabia: a systematic review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.5 (2022), 768-774. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1646591279


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bakry, S. & Hemdi, . M. (2022) Prevalence and associated risk factors, awareness, and knowledge of gastroesophageal reflux disease among health-related students in Saudi Arabia: a systematic review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (5), 768-774. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1646591279


Share this article

Click the icon of the social media platform on which you would like to share this article.

Article Statistics

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any part or all of this article please contact the copyright holder, contact@ijmdc.com.

Copyright ©2022 Discover STM Publishing. All Rights Reserved.