Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1857-1872

Vaccinophobia among parents of preschool and primary school children in Al-Madina, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Ayat Roushdy Abdallah, Nouf Khalid Hammad, Meaad Refaay Aljabri, Ameerah Ruzeeq Alhussaini, Khlood Awad Alshammari, Afnan Nathir Almuhammd, Rzaan Abdulraheem Almuzaini.

ABSTRACT

Background: Vaccinophobia is one of the encountered challenges that face the health care systems these days. Many factors are influencing this issue. The objectives of this study were to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of childhood vaccination among families of preschool and primary school children in Al-Madina, Saudi Arabia, and to estimate the prevalence of vaccinophobia and its related causes among this targeted group. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from January 2020 to April 2020 in Al-Madina, Saudi Arabia. A convenient way of sampling was adopted. Families with children of preschool and primary school were invited to participate. Data were collected through a structured electronic questionnaire and processed using the Statistical Package for Social Science program (version 25). Results: A total of 2,235 participants were recruited. Most of the participants got their information regarding vaccination from medical staff (45.8%). They showed knowledge regarding the purpose of vaccines as to prevent infectious diseases (89.6%). The majority of the participants agreed on the importance of childhood immunization (90.8%), while (7.9%) believed that vaccination was more harmful than beneficial. Most participants stated that their children were almost up to date with their vaccinations (82.3%). A significant statistical association was found between better compliance to vaccination schedule and higher participantsí educational level, higher perceived socioeconomic standard, and living in urban areas. Conclusions: The vast majority of participants believed in the importance of childhood vaccination and the compliance on its schedule and had good knowledge regarding the purpose of vaccines to prevent infectious diseases.

Keywords:
Vaccinophobia, parents, knowledge, practice, immunization, vaccine


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Vaccinophobia among parents of preschool and primary school children in Al-Madina, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Ayat Roushdy Abdallah
Associate Professor of Community Medicine, Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
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Nouf Khalid Hammad
Associate Professor of Community Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, National Liver Institute, Menoufiya University, Menoufiya, Egypt
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Meaad Refaay Aljabri
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
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Ameerah Ruzeeq Alhussaini
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
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Khlood Awad Alshammari
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
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Afnan Nathir Almuhammd
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
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Rzaan Abdulraheem Almuzaini
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Ayat Roushdy Abdallah, Associate Professor of Community Medicine, Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia.; ayat_dr2003@yahoo.com

Publication history
Received 05 Sep 2021
Accepted 03 Oct 2021
Published online 21 Oct 2021
Published in print 18 Nov 2021

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Pubmed Style

Abdallah AR, Hammad NK, Aljabri MR, Alhussaini AR, Alshammari KA, Almuhammd AN, Almuzaini RA. Vaccinophobia among parents of preschool and primary school children in Al-Madina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1857-1872. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1626283391


Web Style

Abdallah AR, Hammad NK, Aljabri MR, Alhussaini AR, Alshammari KA, Almuhammd AN, Almuzaini RA. Vaccinophobia among parents of preschool and primary school children in Al-Madina, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=97395 [Access: January 28, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1626283391


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abdallah AR, Hammad NK, Aljabri MR, Alhussaini AR, Alshammari KA, Almuhammd AN, Almuzaini RA. Vaccinophobia among parents of preschool and primary school children in Al-Madina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1857-1872. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1626283391


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abdallah AR, Hammad NK, Aljabri MR, Alhussaini AR, Alshammari KA, Almuhammd AN, Almuzaini RA. Vaccinophobia among parents of preschool and primary school children in Al-Madina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited January 28, 2022]; 5(11): 1857-1872. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1626283391


Harvard Style

Abdallah, A. R., Hammad, . N. K., Aljabri, . M. R., Alhussaini, . A. R., Alshammari, . K. A., Almuhammd, . A. N. & Almuzaini, . R. A. (2021) Vaccinophobia among parents of preschool and primary school children in Al-Madina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (11), 1857-1872. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1626283391


Turabian Style

Abdallah, Ayat Roushdy, Nouf Khalid Hammad, Meaad Refaay Aljabri, Ameerah Ruzeeq Alhussaini, Khlood Awad Alshammari, Afnan Nathir Almuhammd, and Rzaan Abdulraheem Almuzaini. 2021. Vaccinophobia among parents of preschool and primary school children in Al-Madina, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1857-1872. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1626283391


Chicago Style

Abdallah, Ayat Roushdy, Nouf Khalid Hammad, Meaad Refaay Aljabri, Ameerah Ruzeeq Alhussaini, Khlood Awad Alshammari, Afnan Nathir Almuhammd, and Rzaan Abdulraheem Almuzaini. "Vaccinophobia among parents of preschool and primary school children in Al-Madina, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1857-1872. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1626283391


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abdallah, Ayat Roushdy, Nouf Khalid Hammad, Meaad Refaay Aljabri, Ameerah Ruzeeq Alhussaini, Khlood Awad Alshammari, Afnan Nathir Almuhammd, and Rzaan Abdulraheem Almuzaini. "Vaccinophobia among parents of preschool and primary school children in Al-Madina, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.11 (2021), 1857-1872. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1626283391


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abdallah, A. R., Hammad, . N. K., Aljabri, . M. R., Alhussaini, . A. R., Alshammari, . K. A., Almuhammd, . A. N. & Almuzaini, . R. A. (2021) Vaccinophobia among parents of preschool and primary school children in Al-Madina, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1857-1872. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1626283391


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