Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1873-1880

Pattern of ocular diseases among adult patients visiting ophthalmic clinics in Qassim University, Saudi Arabia 2021

Authors: Nayef Fahad Alswaina, Abdulrahman Yousef Alammar, Ibrahim Abdalmahsn Alresaini, Ziyad Hussain Alawaji, Abdulmalik Ahmed Alsaeed, Ajlan Saleh Alajlan.

ABSTRACT

Background: The World Health Organization confirmed the importance of obtaining information about the pattern of ocular diseases in the population as this is helpful to provide appropriate management and application of programs based on the priorities of the population. This study aimed to determine the most prevalent patterns of ocular diseases and to compare the patterns of ocular diseases among different age groups and genders in patients visiting ophthalmic clinics in Qassim Region, Saudi Arabia. Methods: This study was retrospective and cross-sectional in nature, and the data were collected from ophthalmic clinics in Qassim University, Qassim region, Saudi Arabia from January 1, 2020 to January 1, 2021. The data collection form consisted of basic demographic characteristics and diagnosed ocular disease. Results: A total of 384 patients were included. The most common age group was > 50 years old (35.4%) with slightly more males (53.4%) than females (46.6%). The most common anatomical region of eye abnormality was the cornea (26.8%), and its prevalence was statistically significantly higher in age group 16-30 years (p < 0.001). Refractive errors were the commonly detected corneal disease (17.7%), while cataracts (9.9%) and presbyopia (8.6%) were the most common lens diseases. Likewise, blepharitis was the most common diseases for the eyelid (7.8%), and strabismus was the common disorder of ocular motility (7.3%). Conclusion: The prevalence of refractive errors and strabismus was more common among young patients, while the prevalence of cataracts and glaucoma was more common among older patients.

Keywords:
Ocular disease, ophthalmic clinic, Qassim, pattern


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Pattern of ocular diseases among adult patients visiting ophthalmic clinics in Qassim University, Saudi Arabia 2021


Authors
Nayef Fahad Alswaina
Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Buraydah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulrahman Yousef Alammar
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Buraydah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ibrahim Abdalmahsn Alresaini
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Buraydah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ziyad Hussain Alawaji
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Buraydah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulmalik Ahmed Alsaeed
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Buraydah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ajlan Saleh Alajlan
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Buraydah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Nayef Fahad AlSwaina, Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Buraydah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.; nalswaina@qu.edu.sa

Publication history
Received 07 Aug 2021
Accepted 03 Oct 2021
Published online 19 Oct 2021
Published in print 18 Nov 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alswaina NF, Alammar AY, Alresaini IA, Alawaji ZH, Alsaeed AA, Alajlan AS. Pattern of ocular diseases among adult patients visiting ophthalmic clinics in Qassim University, Saudi Arabia 2021. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1873-1880. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1628152653


Web Style

Alswaina NF, Alammar AY, Alresaini IA, Alawaji ZH, Alsaeed AA, Alajlan AS. Pattern of ocular diseases among adult patients visiting ophthalmic clinics in Qassim University, Saudi Arabia 2021. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=106743 [Access: January 28, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1628152653


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alswaina NF, Alammar AY, Alresaini IA, Alawaji ZH, Alsaeed AA, Alajlan AS. Pattern of ocular diseases among adult patients visiting ophthalmic clinics in Qassim University, Saudi Arabia 2021. IJMDC. 2021; 5(11): 1873-1880. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1628152653


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alswaina NF, Alammar AY, Alresaini IA, Alawaji ZH, Alsaeed AA, Alajlan AS. Pattern of ocular diseases among adult patients visiting ophthalmic clinics in Qassim University, Saudi Arabia 2021. IJMDC. (2021), [cited January 28, 2022]; 5(11): 1873-1880. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1628152653


Harvard Style

Alswaina, N. F., Alammar, . A. Y., Alresaini, . I. A., Alawaji, . Z. H., Alsaeed, . A. A. & Alajlan, . A. S. (2021) Pattern of ocular diseases among adult patients visiting ophthalmic clinics in Qassim University, Saudi Arabia 2021. IJMDC, 5 (11), 1873-1880. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1628152653


Turabian Style

Alswaina, Nayef Fahad, Abdulrahman Yousef Alammar, Ibrahim Abdalmahsn Alresaini, Ziyad Hussain Alawaji, Abdulmalik Ahmed Alsaeed, and Ajlan Saleh Alajlan. 2021. Pattern of ocular diseases among adult patients visiting ophthalmic clinics in Qassim University, Saudi Arabia 2021. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1873-1880. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1628152653


Chicago Style

Alswaina, Nayef Fahad, Abdulrahman Yousef Alammar, Ibrahim Abdalmahsn Alresaini, Ziyad Hussain Alawaji, Abdulmalik Ahmed Alsaeed, and Ajlan Saleh Alajlan. "Pattern of ocular diseases among adult patients visiting ophthalmic clinics in Qassim University, Saudi Arabia 2021." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1873-1880. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1628152653


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alswaina, Nayef Fahad, Abdulrahman Yousef Alammar, Ibrahim Abdalmahsn Alresaini, Ziyad Hussain Alawaji, Abdulmalik Ahmed Alsaeed, and Ajlan Saleh Alajlan. "Pattern of ocular diseases among adult patients visiting ophthalmic clinics in Qassim University, Saudi Arabia 2021." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.11 (2021), 1873-1880. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1628152653


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alswaina, N. F., Alammar, . A. Y., Alresaini, . I. A., Alawaji, . Z. H., Alsaeed, . A. A. & Alajlan, . A. S. (2021) Pattern of ocular diseases among adult patients visiting ophthalmic clinics in Qassim University, Saudi Arabia 2021. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (11), 1873-1880. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1628152653


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