E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Review Article

Online Publishing Date:
20 / 12 / 2022

 


Real-time continuous glucose monitoring: a review

Hyder Osman Mirghani, Hdinan Mohammed J Alsadi, Baneen Ali AlBeladi, Miad Talal M Alruwaili, Hashem Waleed Shogdar, Lama Gasem Ali Asiri, Abdallh Mosalem A Alatwai, Ahmed Mosalem A Alatwai.


Abstract
Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) is preferably recommended for diabetic patients with Type 1, Gestational, and Type 2 diabetes via multiple insulin injections. There is an increasing awareness about its use, even among patients without Diabetes. This review aims to assess the indications, benefits, and future perspectives of CGM. We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, and the first 100 articles in Google Scholar, for articles published in English and assessed the indications, benefits, and recent updates on CGM. The search criteria were limited to articles published from 2013 to November 2022. The keywords such as CGM, indications, benefits, and updates were used. CGM is recommended for use among both types of Diabetes through continuous insulin injections. In addition, CGM is beneficial to patients with gestational diabetes mellitus and patients that experience frequent hypoglycemic attacks. Although CGM is imperative for diabetic patients, the cost is a major limiting factor. There is an increasing awareness about the use of CGM among patients without Diabetes to avoid Diabetes, improve life quality, and enhance mental and physical health. The effects of CGM on HbA1c might be conflicting. However, it improved time in the range, microvascular complications, and fetus and mother complications.

Key words: continuous glucose monitoring, indications, benefits.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mirghani HO, Alsadi HMJ, AlBeladi BA, Alruwaili MTM, Shogdar HW, Asiri LGA, Alatwai AMA, Alatwai AMA. Real-time continuous glucose monitoring: a review. IJMDC. 2023; 7(4): 701-706. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1670863166


Web Style

Mirghani HO, Alsadi HMJ, AlBeladi BA, Alruwaili MTM, Shogdar HW, Asiri LGA, Alatwai AMA, Alatwai AMA. Real-time continuous glucose monitoring: a review. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=94055 [Access: June 04, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1670863166


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mirghani HO, Alsadi HMJ, AlBeladi BA, Alruwaili MTM, Shogdar HW, Asiri LGA, Alatwai AMA, Alatwai AMA. Real-time continuous glucose monitoring: a review. IJMDC. 2023; 7(4): 701-706. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1670863166



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mirghani HO, Alsadi HMJ, AlBeladi BA, Alruwaili MTM, Shogdar HW, Asiri LGA, Alatwai AMA, Alatwai AMA. Real-time continuous glucose monitoring: a review. IJMDC. (2023), [cited June 04, 2024]; 7(4): 701-706. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1670863166



Harvard Style

Mirghani, H. O., Alsadi, . H. M. J., AlBeladi, . B. A., Alruwaili, . M. T. M., Shogdar, . H. W., Asiri, . L. G. A., Alatwai, . A. M. A. & Alatwai, . A. M. A. (2023) Real-time continuous glucose monitoring: a review. IJMDC, 7 (4), 701-706. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1670863166



Turabian Style

Mirghani, Hyder Osman, Hdinan Mohammed J Alsadi, Baneen Ali AlBeladi, Miad Talal M Alruwaili, Hashem Waleed Shogdar, Lama Gasem Ali Asiri, Abdallh Mosalem A Alatwai, and Ahmed Mosalem A Alatwai. 2023. Real-time continuous glucose monitoring: a review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 7 (4), 701-706. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1670863166



Chicago Style

Mirghani, Hyder Osman, Hdinan Mohammed J Alsadi, Baneen Ali AlBeladi, Miad Talal M Alruwaili, Hashem Waleed Shogdar, Lama Gasem Ali Asiri, Abdallh Mosalem A Alatwai, and Ahmed Mosalem A Alatwai. "Real-time continuous glucose monitoring: a review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 7 (2023), 701-706. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1670863166



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mirghani, Hyder Osman, Hdinan Mohammed J Alsadi, Baneen Ali AlBeladi, Miad Talal M Alruwaili, Hashem Waleed Shogdar, Lama Gasem Ali Asiri, Abdallh Mosalem A Alatwai, and Ahmed Mosalem A Alatwai. "Real-time continuous glucose monitoring: a review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 7.4 (2023), 701-706. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1670863166



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mirghani, H. O., Alsadi, . H. M. J., AlBeladi, . B. A., Alruwaili, . M. T. M., Shogdar, . H. W., Asiri, . L. G. A., Alatwai, . A. M. A. & Alatwai, . A. M. A. (2023) Real-time continuous glucose monitoring: a review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 7 (4), 701-706. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1670863166





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