Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 185-189

Causes and associated risk factors of heart failure patients in Aljouf region of Saudi Arabia

Authors: Md Sayed Ali Sheikh, Manahel Ghazi Alotaibi, Nouf Abed Almutairi, Eid Mohammed Aljohani, Omar Mohammed Alruwaili, Abdulaziz Mohammed Alsharatin, Najeebullah Bugti.

ABSTRACT

Background: Heart failure (HF) is a major and growing public health problem across the world for both males and females in all ethnic groups. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the causes and associated risk factors of HF patients in Aljouf, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: Total 274 consecutive patients including 165 males and 109 females who were diagnosed with HF and admitted to Cardiac center of King Abdul Aziz Specialized Hospital (KAASH) over a period of January 2019 to December 2019, were enrolled in this retrospective study. All information was collected from the hospital records including medical history, age, causative factors and associated risk factors. Result: It was found that majority of female (31.1%) and male (45.4%) HF patients were over 65 years of age and between 55 to 64 years, respectively. The common causes were ischemic heart diseases (47.4%), hypertensive heart disease (30.2%), and dilated cardiomyopathy (22.2%) among HF patients. Furthermore, risk factors included diabetes (88%) and obesity (80.7%) which were higher in female as compared to males (p < 0.05). Besides, the family history of coronary artery disease and cardiovascular diseases (71.5%), and hypertension (32.7%) were significantly higher in male HF patients than female HF patients (p < 0.05). Smoking (58.39%) was considered as a major risk factor for male HF patient. Conclusion: The HF patientís incidence as well as its complications might be reduced remarkably by early prevention with proper management of its associated risk factors and major causes.

Keywords:
Heart failure, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, causes, risk factors


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Causes and associated risk factors of heart failure patients in Aljouf region of Saudi Arabia


Authors
Md Sayed Ali Sheikh
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Jouf University, Sakaka, Aljouf, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Manahel Ghazi Alotaibi
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Jouf University, Sakaka, Aljouf, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Nouf Abed Almutairi
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Jouf University, Sakaka, Aljouf, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Eid Mohammed Aljohani
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Jouf University, Sakaka, Aljouf, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Omar Mohammed Alruwaili
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Jouf University, Sakaka, Aljouf, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Abdulaziz Mohammed Alsharatin
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Jouf University, Sakaka, Aljouf, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Najeebullah Bugti
Cardiac Center, King Abdul Aziz Specialized Hospital, Sakaka, Aljouf, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Md Sayed Ali Sheikh, Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiology, College of Medicine, Jouf University, Sakaka, Aljouf, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; drsheikh07@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 21 Nov 2020
Accepted 29 Nov 2020
Published online 23 Dec 2020
Published in print 11 Jan 2021

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Pubmed Style

Sheikh MSA, Alotaibi MG, Almutairi NA, Aljohani EM, Alruwaili OM, Alsharatin AM, Bugti N. Causes and associated risk factors of heart failure patients in Aljouf region of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 185-189. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605985490


Web Style

Sheikh MSA, Alotaibi MG, Almutairi NA, Aljohani EM, Alruwaili OM, Alsharatin AM, Bugti N. Causes and associated risk factors of heart failure patients in Aljouf region of Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=8122 [Access: February 25, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605985490


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sheikh MSA, Alotaibi MG, Almutairi NA, Aljohani EM, Alruwaili OM, Alsharatin AM, Bugti N. Causes and associated risk factors of heart failure patients in Aljouf region of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 185-189. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605985490


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sheikh MSA, Alotaibi MG, Almutairi NA, Aljohani EM, Alruwaili OM, Alsharatin AM, Bugti N. Causes and associated risk factors of heart failure patients in Aljouf region of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited February 25, 2021]; 5(1): 185-189. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605985490


Harvard Style

Sheikh, M. S. A., Alotaibi, . M. G., Almutairi, . N. A., Aljohani, . E. M., Alruwaili, . O. M., Alsharatin, . A. M. & Bugti, . N. (2021) Causes and associated risk factors of heart failure patients in Aljouf region of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (1), 185-189. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605985490


Turabian Style

Sheikh, Md Sayed Ali, Manahel Ghazi Alotaibi, Nouf Abed Almutairi, Eid Mohammed Aljohani, Omar Mohammed Alruwaili, Abdulaziz Mohammed Alsharatin, and Najeebullah Bugti. 2021. Causes and associated risk factors of heart failure patients in Aljouf region of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 185-189. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605985490


Chicago Style

Sheikh, Md Sayed Ali, Manahel Ghazi Alotaibi, Nouf Abed Almutairi, Eid Mohammed Aljohani, Omar Mohammed Alruwaili, Abdulaziz Mohammed Alsharatin, and Najeebullah Bugti. "Causes and associated risk factors of heart failure patients in Aljouf region of Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 185-189. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605985490


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sheikh, Md Sayed Ali, Manahel Ghazi Alotaibi, Nouf Abed Almutairi, Eid Mohammed Aljohani, Omar Mohammed Alruwaili, Abdulaziz Mohammed Alsharatin, and Najeebullah Bugti. "Causes and associated risk factors of heart failure patients in Aljouf region of Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.1 (2021), 185-189. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605985490


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sheikh, M. S. A., Alotaibi, . M. G., Almutairi, . N. A., Aljohani, . E. M., Alruwaili, . O. M., Alsharatin, . A. M. & Bugti, . N. (2021) Causes and associated risk factors of heart failure patients in Aljouf region of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 185-189. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605985490


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