Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1188-1194

Ketogenic diet awareness, perception, and use in epileptic patients in Hail City, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Sumayyah Mohammad Almarshedy, Raniyah Mohammad Almarshedi, Saad Yousef Aldhaifi, Basil Bader Alshammri, Osama Saleh Alnizari, Rashed Abdullah Aloudah.

ABSTRACT

Background: Epilepsy is a deactivating and frequent neurological disease, which can be effectively controlled in nearly all patients with single or combined antiepileptic drugs. The ketogenic diet (KD) is an effective highfat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet for patients with refractory epilepsy. The present study aimed to assess awareness, perception, and frequency of use and potential effects of the KD on epileptic patients in King Khalid Hospital, Hail city, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in King Khalid Hospital outpatient clinics, Hail city. The study targeted epileptic patients attending the neurology outpatient clinic from December 2020 to February 2021. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire included patient's data and epilepsy clinical data, including duration, control, and treatments. The third part covered the patient's awareness regarding the KD KDand the patient's perception regarding KD efficacy in seizure control. Results: The study included 126 epileptic patients whose ages ranged from 20 to 65 years with a mean age of 27.9 11.8 years. 67 (53.2%) patients were male and 46 (36.5%) had university level education. Epilepsy was diagnosed at the age of 16 years or above among 57 (45.2%) patients. Exactly 47 (37.3%) patients knew about KD. Also, nine patients (7.1%) followed KD, three for less than 1 month, and four for 1-3 months. Conclusion: The study revealed that nearly one-third of the patients know about KD, but a very low portion used this dietary system to control seizures. All those who used KD showed improvement in controlling epileptic seizures and sleep quality.

Keywords:
Ketogenic diet, ketone, epilepsy, control, seizures, awareness, perception, practice.


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Ketogenic diet awareness, perception, and use in epileptic patients in Hail City, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Sumayyah Mohammad Almarshedy
Division of Adult Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Raniyah Mohammad Almarshedi
English Language Department, College of Literature and Arts, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Saad Yousef Aldhaifi
College of Medicine, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Basil Bader Alshammri
College of Medicine, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Osama Saleh Alnizari
College of Medicine, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Rashed Abdullah Aloudah
College of Medicine, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Division of Adult Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, College Of Medicine, University Of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia.; Sumayyah.10@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 29 Mar 2021
Accepted 01 Apr 2021
Published online 01 Apr 2021
Published in print 06 Jun 2021

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Pubmed Style

Almarshedy SM, Almarshedi RM, Aldhaifi SY, Alshammri BB, Alnizari OS, Aloudah RA. Ketogenic diet awareness, perception, and use in epileptic patients in Hail City, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1188-1194. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1617009453


Web Style

Almarshedy SM, Almarshedi RM, Aldhaifi SY, Alshammri BB, Alnizari OS, Aloudah RA. Ketogenic diet awareness, perception, and use in epileptic patients in Hail City, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=68638 [Access: July 25, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1617009453


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Almarshedy SM, Almarshedi RM, Aldhaifi SY, Alshammri BB, Alnizari OS, Aloudah RA. Ketogenic diet awareness, perception, and use in epileptic patients in Hail City, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1188-1194. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1617009453


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Almarshedy SM, Almarshedi RM, Aldhaifi SY, Alshammri BB, Alnizari OS, Aloudah RA. Ketogenic diet awareness, perception, and use in epileptic patients in Hail City, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited July 25, 2021]; 5(5): 1188-1194. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1617009453


Harvard Style

Almarshedy, S. M., Almarshedi, . R. M., Aldhaifi, . S. Y., Alshammri, . B. B., Alnizari, . O. S. & Aloudah, . R. A. (2021) Ketogenic diet awareness, perception, and use in epileptic patients in Hail City, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (5), 1188-1194. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1617009453


Turabian Style

Almarshedy, Sumayyah Mohammad, Raniyah Mohammad Almarshedi, Saad Yousef Aldhaifi, Basil Bader Alshammri, Osama Saleh Alnizari, and Rashed Abdullah Aloudah. 2021. Ketogenic diet awareness, perception, and use in epileptic patients in Hail City, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (5), 1188-1194. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1617009453


Chicago Style

Almarshedy, Sumayyah Mohammad, Raniyah Mohammad Almarshedi, Saad Yousef Aldhaifi, Basil Bader Alshammri, Osama Saleh Alnizari, and Rashed Abdullah Aloudah. "Ketogenic diet awareness, perception, and use in epileptic patients in Hail City, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1188-1194. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1617009453


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Almarshedy, Sumayyah Mohammad, Raniyah Mohammad Almarshedi, Saad Yousef Aldhaifi, Basil Bader Alshammri, Osama Saleh Alnizari, and Rashed Abdullah Aloudah. "Ketogenic diet awareness, perception, and use in epileptic patients in Hail City, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.5 (2021), 1188-1194. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1617009453


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Almarshedy, S. M., Almarshedi, . R. M., Aldhaifi, . S. Y., Alshammri, . B. B., Alnizari, . O. S. & Aloudah, . R. A. (2021) Ketogenic diet awareness, perception, and use in epileptic patients in Hail City, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (5), 1188-1194. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1617009453


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