Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1178-1182

The clinical significance of nontuberculous mycobacteria at King Abdulaziz Medical City-Western Region from 2013 to 2020

Authors: Abdulelah S. Abdulhamid, Basel M. Alsolami, Abdulrahman T. Mohanna, Talal M. Bagabas, Faris F. Alsubaie, Mohammed S Alzahrani, Abdulfattah W. Alammri.

ABSTRACT

Background: Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are opportunistic bacteria that cause pulmonary illness and are commonly found in pulmonary and extrapulmonary tissue. NTM clinical manifestations are still under investigation. Pulmonary NTM is diagnosed using the criteria of the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA). The aim of this study was to assess the clinical manifestations and conditions associated with pulmonary NTM by reviewing the clinical and laboratory records. Methodology: This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study focused on patients with positive NTM cultures, who presented at King Abdulaziz Medical City-Western Region between 2013 and 2020. All files of patients with confirmed NTM infections were reviewed, with a total of approximately 115 samples. The demographic, clinical, and radiological data were collected by the research team. Results: Information was collected from 90 positive NTM samples from 71 patients. NTM samples were isolated from sputum in 57 (80.3%) patients, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in 7 (9.9%) patients, and soft tissue in 4 (5.6%) patients. From the collected samples, there were 11 (15.4%) patients, who were thought to be truly infected with pulmonary NTM and who met the ATS criteria. Diabetes mellitus was the most common comorbidity among the samples [26 (36.6%)], followed by malignancies [18 (25.4%)]. Conclusion: In this study, we found that only 15% of patients with positive NTM samples met the ATS/IDSA criteria for the diagnosis of pulmonary NTM. The most common comorbidity among research subjects was diabetes mellitus, followed by malignancy. The precise data are reported. It is recommended that further studies can be conducted.

Keywords:
Clinical significance, feature of NTM lung disease, nontuberculous mycobacteria, epidemiology, Saudi Arabia.


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The clinical significance of nontuberculous mycobacteria at King Abdulaziz Medical City-Western Region from 2013 to 2020


Authors
Abdulelah S Abdulhamid
College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences College of Medicine, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Basel M Alsolami
College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences College of Medicine, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulrahman T Mohanna
College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences College of Medicine, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Talal M Bagabas
College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences College of Medicine, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Faris F Alsubaie
College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences College of Medicine, Jeddah, Saudi Arabi
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Mohammed S Alzahrani
Department of Medicine, Infectious Diseases, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Ministry of National guard
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Abdulfattah W Alammri
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, King Abdulaziz Medical City Jeddah, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Abdulelah S. Abdulhamid, College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences College of Medicine, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.; abdulelahsamir@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 03 Apr 2021
Accepted 16 Apr 2021
Published online 26 Apr 2021
Published in print 06 Jun 2021

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Pubmed Style

Abdulhamid AS, Alsolami BM, Mohanna AT, Bagabas TM, Alsubaie FF, Alzahrani MS, Alammri AW. The clinical significance of nontuberculous mycobacteria at King Abdulaziz Medical City-Western Region from 2013 to 2020. IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1178-1182. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1616752654


Web Style

Abdulhamid AS, Alsolami BM, Mohanna AT, Bagabas TM, Alsubaie FF, Alzahrani MS, Alammri AW. The clinical significance of nontuberculous mycobacteria at King Abdulaziz Medical City-Western Region from 2013 to 2020. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=67916 [Access: July 25, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1616752654


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abdulhamid AS, Alsolami BM, Mohanna AT, Bagabas TM, Alsubaie FF, Alzahrani MS, Alammri AW. The clinical significance of nontuberculous mycobacteria at King Abdulaziz Medical City-Western Region from 2013 to 2020. IJMDC. 2021; 5(5): 1178-1182. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1616752654


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abdulhamid AS, Alsolami BM, Mohanna AT, Bagabas TM, Alsubaie FF, Alzahrani MS, Alammri AW. The clinical significance of nontuberculous mycobacteria at King Abdulaziz Medical City-Western Region from 2013 to 2020. IJMDC. (2021), [cited July 25, 2021]; 5(5): 1178-1182. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1616752654


Harvard Style

Abdulhamid, A. S., Alsolami, . B. M., Mohanna, . A. T., Bagabas, . T. M., Alsubaie, . F. F., Alzahrani, . M. S. & Alammri, . A. W. (2021) The clinical significance of nontuberculous mycobacteria at King Abdulaziz Medical City-Western Region from 2013 to 2020. IJMDC, 5 (5), 1178-1182. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1616752654


Turabian Style

Abdulhamid, Abdulelah S., Basel M. Alsolami, Abdulrahman T. Mohanna, Talal M. Bagabas, Faris F. Alsubaie, Mohammed S Alzahrani, and Abdulfattah W. Alammri. 2021. The clinical significance of nontuberculous mycobacteria at King Abdulaziz Medical City-Western Region from 2013 to 2020. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (5), 1178-1182. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1616752654


Chicago Style

Abdulhamid, Abdulelah S., Basel M. Alsolami, Abdulrahman T. Mohanna, Talal M. Bagabas, Faris F. Alsubaie, Mohammed S Alzahrani, and Abdulfattah W. Alammri. "The clinical significance of nontuberculous mycobacteria at King Abdulaziz Medical City-Western Region from 2013 to 2020." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1178-1182. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1616752654


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abdulhamid, Abdulelah S., Basel M. Alsolami, Abdulrahman T. Mohanna, Talal M. Bagabas, Faris F. Alsubaie, Mohammed S Alzahrani, and Abdulfattah W. Alammri. "The clinical significance of nontuberculous mycobacteria at King Abdulaziz Medical City-Western Region from 2013 to 2020." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.5 (2021), 1178-1182. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1616752654


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abdulhamid, A. S., Alsolami, . B. M., Mohanna, . A. T., Bagabas, . T. M., Alsubaie, . F. F., Alzahrani, . M. S. & Alammri, . A. W. (2021) The clinical significance of nontuberculous mycobacteria at King Abdulaziz Medical City-Western Region from 2013 to 2020. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (5), 1178-1182. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1616752654


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