IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 1002-1005

Plantar fasciitis in primary care: a review

Authors: Mansuor Ahmed Alanazi, Rayan Ayoub Khan, Ali Khudaysh Muqri, Zahraa Fawzi Alnosaier, Mohammed Eissa Dalak, Shouq Ibrahim Alajlani, Abdullah Dhaifallah Abdullah Hamdi, Turki Abdullah Ali Alghamdi, Seham Durizi K Alrawaili.

ABSTRACT

Plantar fasciitis is a commonly occurring form of heel pain that affects many people once in their lifetime. Plantar heel pain is not inflammatory because it develops due to a gradual degenerative process. In most cases, plantar fasciitis affects runners, but sedentary people are also at risk. The condition occurs when repetitive microtrauma to the plantar fascia occurs, resulting in severe pain localized to the plantar foot and medial heel that interferes with daily life activities. The common risk factors contributing to plantar fasciitis include standing or sitting for prolonged periods, increased body mass index, and limited ankle dorsiflexion. In 80% of the cases, the symptoms of acute plantar fasciitis improve within a year of proper treatment. A clinical diagnosis is required to detect the symptoms of plantar fasciitis, which include nonradiating, dull, and aching pain experienced in the medioplantar surface of the foot. The pain is mostly experienced in the morning, but it also worsens at the day’s end. Besides physical examination and patient’s medical history, ultrasonography is a valuable diagnostic tool for diagnosing plantar fasciitis. Usually, a physician starts the treatment by stretching the plantar fascia, ice massaging, and prescribing nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Other treatment modalities include orthoses and night splints. If a patient is diagnosed with recalcitrant plantar fasciitis, surgical procedures, corticosteroid injections, and extracorporeal shockwave therapy become necessary. If a patient with plantar fasciitis continues to experience pain that limits the function of plantar fascia and activity, then the condition is treated with endoscopic fasciotomy.

Keywords:
Plantar Fasciitis, Primary Care, BMI, pain, orthoses and night splints


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Plantar fasciitis in primary care: a review


Authors
Mansuor Ahmed Alanazi
Assistant Professor of Family Medicine, Family Medicine Specialist, Tabuk University, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
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Rayan Ayoub Khan
Medical Student, Ibn Sina College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Ali Khudaysh Muqri
General Practitioner, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
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Zahraa Fawzi Alnosaier
Medical Student, King Faisal University, Alhassa, Saudi Arabia
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Mohammed Eissa Dalak
Medical student, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
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Shouq Ibrahim Alajlani
Medical student, Umm Al Qura University, Qunfudah Medical College, Qunfudah, Saudi Arabia
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Abdullah Dhaifallah Abdullah Hamdi
Medical Student, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
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Turki Abdullah Ali Alghamdi
General Practitioner, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Seham Durizi K Alrawaili
Medical Student, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Mansuor Ahmed Alanazi, Assistant Professor of Family Medicine, Family Medicine Specialist, Tabuk University, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.; Mansorenazi@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 06 Jun 2022
Accepted 14 Jun 2022
Published online 22 Jun 2022
Published in print 08 Jul 2022

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Pubmed Style

Alanazi MA, Khan RA, Muqri AK, Alnosaier ZF, Dalak ME, Alajlani SI, Hamdi ADA, Alghamdi TAA, Alrawaili SDK. Plantar fasciitis in primary care: a review. IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 1002-1005. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1654542136


Web Style

Alanazi MA, Khan RA, Muqri AK, Alnosaier ZF, Dalak ME, Alajlani SI, Hamdi ADA, Alghamdi TAA, Alrawaili SDK. Plantar fasciitis in primary care: a review. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=55025 [Access: September 30, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1654542136


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alanazi MA, Khan RA, Muqri AK, Alnosaier ZF, Dalak ME, Alajlani SI, Hamdi ADA, Alghamdi TAA, Alrawaili SDK. Plantar fasciitis in primary care: a review. IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 1002-1005. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1654542136


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alanazi MA, Khan RA, Muqri AK, Alnosaier ZF, Dalak ME, Alajlani SI, Hamdi ADA, Alghamdi TAA, Alrawaili SDK. Plantar fasciitis in primary care: a review. IJMDC. (2022), [cited September 30, 2022]; 6(7): 1002-1005. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1654542136


Harvard Style

Alanazi, M. A., Khan, . R. A., Muqri, . A. K., Alnosaier, . Z. F., Dalak, . M. E., Alajlani, . S. I., Hamdi, . A. D. A., Alghamdi, . T. A. A. & Alrawaili, . S. D. K. (2022) Plantar fasciitis in primary care: a review. IJMDC, 6 (7), 1002-1005. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1654542136


Turabian Style

Alanazi, Mansuor Ahmed, Rayan Ayoub Khan, Ali Khudaysh Muqri, Zahraa Fawzi Alnosaier, Mohammed Eissa Dalak, Shouq Ibrahim Alajlani, Abdullah Dhaifallah Abdullah Hamdi, Turki Abdullah Ali Alghamdi, and Seham Durizi K Alrawaili. 2022. Plantar fasciitis in primary care: a review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (7), 1002-1005. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1654542136


Chicago Style

Alanazi, Mansuor Ahmed, Rayan Ayoub Khan, Ali Khudaysh Muqri, Zahraa Fawzi Alnosaier, Mohammed Eissa Dalak, Shouq Ibrahim Alajlani, Abdullah Dhaifallah Abdullah Hamdi, Turki Abdullah Ali Alghamdi, and Seham Durizi K Alrawaili. "Plantar fasciitis in primary care: a review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 1002-1005. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1654542136


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alanazi, Mansuor Ahmed, Rayan Ayoub Khan, Ali Khudaysh Muqri, Zahraa Fawzi Alnosaier, Mohammed Eissa Dalak, Shouq Ibrahim Alajlani, Abdullah Dhaifallah Abdullah Hamdi, Turki Abdullah Ali Alghamdi, and Seham Durizi K Alrawaili. "Plantar fasciitis in primary care: a review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.7 (2022), 1002-1005. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1654542136


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alanazi, M. A., Khan, . R. A., Muqri, . A. K., Alnosaier, . Z. F., Dalak, . M. E., Alajlani, . S. I., Hamdi, . A. D. A., Alghamdi, . T. A. A. & Alrawaili, . S. D. K. (2022) Plantar fasciitis in primary care: a review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (7), 1002-1005. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1654542136


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