Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(5): 698-703

Impact of body mass index on gastrointestinal disorders: a cross-sectional study

Authors: Ahmed Maghfuri Buhays, Nada Tayeb Ali Ageeli.

ABSTRACT

Background: Obesity is a public health problem among the general population worldwide, which adversely affects the productivity of the patient, quality of life, and increases the rate of morbidity, so it increases the health burden of individuals. Few studies investigated the impact of body mass index (BMI) on gastrointestinal disorders in Saudi Arabia. Aim of the Study: This study aims to assess the impact of BMI on gastrointestinal (GIT) disorders among the population in Saudi Arabia. Methods: It is a cross-sectional study carried out in the outpatient clinic, primary healthcare units, and hospitals in Saudi Arabia. The study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire distributed electronically among the Saudi population aged > 18 years old. The questionnaire included questions regarding demographic characteristics. In addition, it included other questions about the most common symptoms of GIT and the impact of BMI on GIT disorders among the population. Data were analyzed using IBM Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 22. A p-value lower than 0.05 was considered significant. Results: A total of 355 Saudi individuals of different ages and educational levels participated in the present study. Among them, 34.4% were overweight and 34.4% were obese. Gastrointestinal symptoms were present in the majority of participants (76.9%), but most of them (77.5%) had normal GIT disorders and normal endoscopy results (86.6%). On the other hand, 22.5% of the respondents had abnormal GIT disorders and the most common GIT disorder was gastritis (12.1%). Education (p = 0.039), physical activity levels (0.00) and smoking habits (0.017) were factors that were significantly associated with obesity among our population. However, GIT symptoms (p = 0.101), GIT disorders (p = 0.142) and endoscopy results (p = 0.478) did not have a significant association with obesity among the study population. Conclusion: TThere is a high prevalence of obesity among the Saudi population. Sociodemographic characteristics such as education, physical activity levels and smoking habits can affect obesity. However, there is no association between obesity and gastrointestinal disorders among the study population.

Keywords:
Impact ;Body Mass Index ; Gastrointestinal Disorders


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Impact of body mass index on gastrointestinal disorders: a cross-sectional study


Authors
Ahmed Maghfuri Buhays
Medical Registrar, Prince Mohammed Bin Nasser Hospital, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nada Tayeb Ali Ageeli
Student, College of Medicine, Institute, CITY, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Ahmed Maghfuri Buhays, Medical Registrar, Prince Mohammed Bin Nasser Hospital, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.; nadooagl@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 15 Jan 2022
Accepted 21 Jan 2022
Published online 21 Jan 2022
Published in print 11 Apr 2022

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Pubmed Style

Buhays AM, Ageeli NTA. Impact of body mass index on gastrointestinal disorders: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2022; 6(5): 698-703. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1642287648


Web Style

Buhays AM, Ageeli NTA. Impact of body mass index on gastrointestinal disorders: a cross-sectional study. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=5110 [Access: July 03, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1642287648


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Buhays AM, Ageeli NTA. Impact of body mass index on gastrointestinal disorders: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2022; 6(5): 698-703. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1642287648


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Buhays AM, Ageeli NTA. Impact of body mass index on gastrointestinal disorders: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. (2022), [cited July 03, 2022]; 6(5): 698-703. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1642287648


Harvard Style

Buhays, A. M. & Ageeli, . N. T. A. (2022) Impact of body mass index on gastrointestinal disorders: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC, 6 (5), 698-703. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1642287648


Turabian Style

Buhays, Ahmed Maghfuri, and Nada Tayeb Ali Ageeli. 2022. Impact of body mass index on gastrointestinal disorders: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (5), 698-703. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1642287648


Chicago Style

Buhays, Ahmed Maghfuri, and Nada Tayeb Ali Ageeli. "Impact of body mass index on gastrointestinal disorders: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 698-703. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1642287648


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Buhays, Ahmed Maghfuri, and Nada Tayeb Ali Ageeli. "Impact of body mass index on gastrointestinal disorders: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.5 (2022), 698-703. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1642287648


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Buhays, A. M. & Ageeli, . N. T. A. (2022) Impact of body mass index on gastrointestinal disorders: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (5), 698-703. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1642287648


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