Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(5): 692-697

Use of medical abbreviations and acronyms: knowledge among pre and postgraduate medical students in single academic institute, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Ragad J. Arbaein, Faisal O. BinJahlan, Dana R. Alghumgham, Lama K. Alhazmi, Abdulrahman A. AlGhamdi, Raad Fayez, Hesham Rizk.

ABSTRACT

Background: Abbreviations and acronyms are commonly used in medical practice to save time and space in medical records. However, the use of ambiguous and unfamiliar abbreviations threatens patient safety. We aimed to assess medical students’ and interns’ knowledge of medical abbreviations and acronyms. Methods: We gave a self-administered questionnaire comprising selected medical abbreviations to pregraduate medical students and medical interns at King Abdulaziz University Hospital. A total of 254 participants responded including 128 interns (50.4%) and 126 sixths (49.6%). The survey was conducted using Google Forms. Student and intern responses were classified into three categories: >70% correct answers; 50%-69% correct answers; and <50% correct answers. Data were entered in Microsoft Excel 2016 and analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics version 21 (IBM© Corp., Armonk, NY). Results: A total of 45 (17.6%) achieved >70% correct answers, 123 (48%) achieved 50%-69% correct answers, and 88 (33.6%) had <49% correct answers. No significant scoring differences existed between pre and postgraduates. Arterial blood gas (98.8%), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (98.4%), and shortness of breath (98.4%) received the most correct answers, whereas argon plasma coagulation (97.2%), bronchoalveolar lavage (85.8%), and total protein (84.6%) received the most incorrect answers. 79.5% of participants admitted use of the “do not use” list. However, only 20.8% of these had a score of >70%. Conclusion: Further education is necessary to emphasize the risks associated with using medical abbreviations. Awareness of the “do not use” list established by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations should be increased among medical students and professionals.

Keywords:
medical abbreviations; JCAHO; “do not use” list; patient risks; medical students


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Use of medical abbreviations and acronyms: knowledge among pre and postgraduate medical students in single academic institute, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Ragad J Arbaein
Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Faisal O BinJahlan
Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Dana R Alghumgham
Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Lama K Alhazmi
Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulrahman A AlGhamdi
Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Raad Fayez
Department of Surgery, Medical College, University of Jeddah, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hesham Rizk
Department of Surgery, Medical College, University of Jeddah, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Ragad J. Arbaein, Medical Student, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.; raghadarbaein@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 15 Jan 2022
Accepted 09 Mar 2022
Published online 28 Mar 2022
Published in print 11 Apr 2022

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Pubmed Style

Arbaein RJ, BinJahlan FO, Alghumgham DR, Alhazmi LK, AlGhamdi AA, Fayez R, Rizk H. Use of medical abbreviations and acronyms: knowledge among pre and postgraduate medical students in single academic institute, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(5): 692-697. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1642240084


Web Style

Arbaein RJ, BinJahlan FO, Alghumgham DR, Alhazmi LK, AlGhamdi AA, Fayez R, Rizk H. Use of medical abbreviations and acronyms: knowledge among pre and postgraduate medical students in single academic institute, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=4736 [Access: July 03, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1642240084


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Arbaein RJ, BinJahlan FO, Alghumgham DR, Alhazmi LK, AlGhamdi AA, Fayez R, Rizk H. Use of medical abbreviations and acronyms: knowledge among pre and postgraduate medical students in single academic institute, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(5): 692-697. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1642240084


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Arbaein RJ, BinJahlan FO, Alghumgham DR, Alhazmi LK, AlGhamdi AA, Fayez R, Rizk H. Use of medical abbreviations and acronyms: knowledge among pre and postgraduate medical students in single academic institute, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2022), [cited July 03, 2022]; 6(5): 692-697. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1642240084


Harvard Style

Arbaein, R. J., BinJahlan, . F. O., Alghumgham, . D. R., Alhazmi, . L. K., AlGhamdi, . A. A., Fayez, . R. & Rizk, . H. (2022) Use of medical abbreviations and acronyms: knowledge among pre and postgraduate medical students in single academic institute, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 6 (5), 692-697. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1642240084


Turabian Style

Arbaein, Ragad J., Faisal O. BinJahlan, Dana R. Alghumgham, Lama K. Alhazmi, Abdulrahman A. AlGhamdi, Raad Fayez, and Hesham Rizk. 2022. Use of medical abbreviations and acronyms: knowledge among pre and postgraduate medical students in single academic institute, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (5), 692-697. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1642240084


Chicago Style

Arbaein, Ragad J., Faisal O. BinJahlan, Dana R. Alghumgham, Lama K. Alhazmi, Abdulrahman A. AlGhamdi, Raad Fayez, and Hesham Rizk. "Use of medical abbreviations and acronyms: knowledge among pre and postgraduate medical students in single academic institute, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 692-697. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1642240084


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Arbaein, Ragad J., Faisal O. BinJahlan, Dana R. Alghumgham, Lama K. Alhazmi, Abdulrahman A. AlGhamdi, Raad Fayez, and Hesham Rizk. "Use of medical abbreviations and acronyms: knowledge among pre and postgraduate medical students in single academic institute, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.5 (2022), 692-697. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1642240084


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Arbaein, R. J., BinJahlan, . F. O., Alghumgham, . D. R., Alhazmi, . L. K., AlGhamdi, . A. A., Fayez, . R. & Rizk, . H. (2022) Use of medical abbreviations and acronyms: knowledge among pre and postgraduate medical students in single academic institute, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (5), 692-697. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1642240084


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