IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 954-961

Knowledge, attitude, and practice: crosssectional study of pseudo-hyperglycemia and effects of unwashed hands among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Amani Abualnaja, Nadeef Alqahtani, Jood Alnojaidi, Dalal Aldossari, Yara Aldosari, Shuruq Alkhalaf, Amal Alnafisi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Saudi Arabia is ranked the second highest, in the Middle East, for the prevalence of diabetes. People carry out blood glucose self-monitoring with diabetes to measure their blood sugar using a glycemic reader. Still, the accuracy could be affected by few factors, such as unwashed hands. The present study aimed at assessing the knowledge, attitude, and practice of pseudo-hyperglycemia effects of unwashed hands among type 2 diabetes patients in Saudi Arabia. Methodology: This cross-sectional study assessed the knowledge, attitude, and practice of pseudo-hyperglycemia effects of unwashed hands among 394 participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus aged 40 and older in King Salman bin Abdulaziz Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The data were analyzed by Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software, 2017. Chi-squared test was used to attain a p-value between categorical data, both dependent and independent, to estimate the association where p-value ≤ 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Among the studied subjects, 58.4% (n = 230) of the participants had knowledge about the pseudo-hyperglycemia effect of unwashed hands, 68.8% (n = 271) always washed their hands. Regarding attitude, 71.1% (n = 280) agreed that there was a relationship between unwashed hands and wrong reading. The only significant factor that could increase the risk of pseudo-hyperglycemia effect of unwashed hands was gender (p = 0.037). And the characteristics that could be associated with adequate knowledge are age (p = 0.049), gender (p = 0.011), and nationality (p = 0.016). Conclusion: The study deduces the importance of washing hands before using a blood glucose meter to prevent pseudo-hyperglycemia, despite using alcohol swabs. Therefore, we recommend all people with type 2 diabetes to wash hands before using a glucose meter.

Keywords:
Diabetes, glucose meter, hand washing, pseudo-hyperglycemia, self-monitoring of blood glucose.


View PDF
Knowledge, attitude, and practice: crosssectional study of pseudo-hyperglycemia and effects of unwashed hands among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Amani Abualnaja
Al-Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nadeef Alqahtani
Al-Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Jood Alnojaidi
Al-Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Dalal Aldossari
Al-Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Yara Aldosari
Al-Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Shuruq Alkhalaf
Al-Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Amal Alnafisi
Department of Epidemiology, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Al-Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; amani.abualnjaa8@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 16 Jan 2021
Accepted 08 Feb 2021
Published online 08 Feb 2021
Published in print 04 Mar 2021

How to cite this article?

Export to EndNote Export to refMan

Pubmed Style

Abualnaja A, Alqahtani N, Alnojaidi J, Aldossari D, Aldosari Y, Alkhalaf S, Alnafisi A. Knowledge, attitude, and practice: crosssectional study of pseudo-hyperglycemia and effects of unwashed hands among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 954-961. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610776355


Web Style

Abualnaja A, Alqahtani N, Alnojaidi J, Aldossari D, Aldosari Y, Alkhalaf S, Alnafisi A. Knowledge, attitude, and practice: crosssectional study of pseudo-hyperglycemia and effects of unwashed hands among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=45219 [Access: April 22, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610776355


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abualnaja A, Alqahtani N, Alnojaidi J, Aldossari D, Aldosari Y, Alkhalaf S, Alnafisi A. Knowledge, attitude, and practice: crosssectional study of pseudo-hyperglycemia and effects of unwashed hands among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 954-961. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610776355


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abualnaja A, Alqahtani N, Alnojaidi J, Aldossari D, Aldosari Y, Alkhalaf S, Alnafisi A. Knowledge, attitude, and practice: crosssectional study of pseudo-hyperglycemia and effects of unwashed hands among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited April 22, 2021]; 5(3): 954-961. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610776355


Harvard Style

Abualnaja, A., Alqahtani, . N., Alnojaidi, . J., Aldossari, . D., Aldosari, . Y., Alkhalaf, . S. & Alnafisi, . A. (2021) Knowledge, attitude, and practice: crosssectional study of pseudo-hyperglycemia and effects of unwashed hands among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (3), 954-961. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610776355


Turabian Style

Abualnaja, Amani, Nadeef Alqahtani, Jood Alnojaidi, Dalal Aldossari, Yara Aldosari, Shuruq Alkhalaf, and Amal Alnafisi. 2021. Knowledge, attitude, and practice: crosssectional study of pseudo-hyperglycemia and effects of unwashed hands among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (3), 954-961. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610776355


Chicago Style

Abualnaja, Amani, Nadeef Alqahtani, Jood Alnojaidi, Dalal Aldossari, Yara Aldosari, Shuruq Alkhalaf, and Amal Alnafisi. "Knowledge, attitude, and practice: crosssectional study of pseudo-hyperglycemia and effects of unwashed hands among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 954-961. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610776355


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abualnaja, Amani, Nadeef Alqahtani, Jood Alnojaidi, Dalal Aldossari, Yara Aldosari, Shuruq Alkhalaf, and Amal Alnafisi. "Knowledge, attitude, and practice: crosssectional study of pseudo-hyperglycemia and effects of unwashed hands among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.3 (2021), 954-961. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610776355


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abualnaja, A., Alqahtani, . N., Alnojaidi, . J., Aldossari, . D., Aldosari, . Y., Alkhalaf, . S. & Alnafisi, . A. (2021) Knowledge, attitude, and practice: crosssectional study of pseudo-hyperglycemia and effects of unwashed hands among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (3), 954-961. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1610776355


Share this article

Click the icon of the social media platform on which you would like to share this article.

Article Statistics

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any part or all of this article please contact the copyright holder, contact@ijmdc.com.

Copyright ©2021 Discover STM Publishing. All Rights Reserved.