Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(2): 265-272

Breast lumps awareness level and attitude of seeking medical advice among female population in Madinah city

Authors: Mohamed Khaled Zaky, Haneen Hassan Almuhammadi, Basmah Fuad Zakareya, Ghaday Hassan Almutairi, Raghad Mohammed Ghabban, Ruba Aqeel Alaqil, Rahaf Saleh Alamri.

ABSTRACT

Background: Breast cancer (BRCA) is the second most common type of cancer among females, with new cases recorded every year worldwide. Early detection of BRCA could lead to a better prognosis. Therefore, this study was conducted to measure the level of awareness and attitude towards seeking medical advice about BRCA and breast lumps in general. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted through questionnaire that was electronically distributed via social media applications among the female population in the Madinah region, Saudi Arabia, between March and May 2020. The questionnaire consisted of 23 questions regarding participants’ demographics, background knowledge about BRCA, and attitudes about seeking medical advice. Results: Out of 402 participants, 49.3% had a high level of awareness. Around 87.8% were aware that a painless lump or thickening in the breast or armpit might indicate BRCA, and 68% knew that bleeding or discharge from the nipple is a warning sign of BRCA. And 73.6% participants stated that they would seek medical advice immediately if they noticed any sins. For participants who were 40 years old and above, only 16.8% reported that they get annual mammography screening. Conclusion: In the current study, the collected evidence indicated that participants had inadequate knowledge about BRCA and a low prevalence of the practice of screening methods. These findings emphasize the importance of public education and encouraging annual screening.

Keywords:
Breast cancer, breast lump, awareness, Breast cancer screening, mammogram


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Breast lumps awareness level and attitude of seeking medical advice among female population in Madinah city


Authors
Mohamed Khaled Zaky
Consultant and Professor of Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taibah University, Al-Madinah Al-Monawarah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Haneen Hassan Almuhammadi
Medical Intern, Collage of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Basmah Fuad Zakareya
Medical Intern, Collage of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ghaday Hassan Almutairi
Medical Intern, Collage of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Raghad Mohammed Ghabban
Medical Intern, Collage of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ruba Aqeel Alaqil
Medical Intern, Collage of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rahaf Saleh Alamri
Medical Intern, Collage of Medicine, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Mohamed Khaled Zaky, Consultant and professor of surgery, Surgey Department, Taibah University, Al-Madinah Al-Monawarah, Saudi Arabia; m_kzaki@yahoo.com

Publication history
Received 15 Nov 2021
Accepted 27 Dec 2021
Published online 13 Jan 2022
Published in print 19 Jan 2022

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Pubmed Style

Zaky MK, Almuhammadi HH, Zakareya BF, Almutairi GH, Ghabban RM, Alaqil RA, Alamri RS. Breast lumps awareness level and attitude of seeking medical advice among female population in Madinah city. IJMDC. 2022; 6(2): 265-272. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1636941904


Web Style

Zaky MK, Almuhammadi HH, Zakareya BF, Almutairi GH, Ghabban RM, Alaqil RA, Alamri RS. Breast lumps awareness level and attitude of seeking medical advice among female population in Madinah city. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=4440 [Access: May 25, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1636941904


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zaky MK, Almuhammadi HH, Zakareya BF, Almutairi GH, Ghabban RM, Alaqil RA, Alamri RS. Breast lumps awareness level and attitude of seeking medical advice among female population in Madinah city. IJMDC. 2022; 6(2): 265-272. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1636941904


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zaky MK, Almuhammadi HH, Zakareya BF, Almutairi GH, Ghabban RM, Alaqil RA, Alamri RS. Breast lumps awareness level and attitude of seeking medical advice among female population in Madinah city. IJMDC. (2022), [cited May 25, 2022]; 6(2): 265-272. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1636941904


Harvard Style

Zaky, M. K., Almuhammadi, . H. H., Zakareya, . B. F., Almutairi, . G. H., Ghabban, . R. M., Alaqil, . R. A. & Alamri, . R. S. (2022) Breast lumps awareness level and attitude of seeking medical advice among female population in Madinah city. IJMDC, 6 (2), 265-272. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1636941904


Turabian Style

Zaky, Mohamed Khaled, Haneen Hassan Almuhammadi, Basmah Fuad Zakareya, Ghaday Hassan Almutairi, Raghad Mohammed Ghabban, Ruba Aqeel Alaqil, and Rahaf Saleh Alamri. 2022. Breast lumps awareness level and attitude of seeking medical advice among female population in Madinah city. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (2), 265-272. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1636941904


Chicago Style

Zaky, Mohamed Khaled, Haneen Hassan Almuhammadi, Basmah Fuad Zakareya, Ghaday Hassan Almutairi, Raghad Mohammed Ghabban, Ruba Aqeel Alaqil, and Rahaf Saleh Alamri. "Breast lumps awareness level and attitude of seeking medical advice among female population in Madinah city." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 265-272. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1636941904


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zaky, Mohamed Khaled, Haneen Hassan Almuhammadi, Basmah Fuad Zakareya, Ghaday Hassan Almutairi, Raghad Mohammed Ghabban, Ruba Aqeel Alaqil, and Rahaf Saleh Alamri. "Breast lumps awareness level and attitude of seeking medical advice among female population in Madinah city." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.2 (2022), 265-272. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1636941904


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zaky, M. K., Almuhammadi, . H. H., Zakareya, . B. F., Almutairi, . G. H., Ghabban, . R. M., Alaqil, . R. A. & Alamri, . R. S. (2022) Breast lumps awareness level and attitude of seeking medical advice among female population in Madinah city. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (2), 265-272. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1636941904


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