IJMDC. 2022; 6(2): 385-393

Self-medication among Saudi students and adolescents: a systematic review

Authors: Fahad Khalawi, Faisal Alghashmari, Bassam Tomihi, Asmaa Abdullah Moafa, Majidah Abdulrahman Ghawi, Elaf Makki.

ABSTRACT

Self-medication (SM) involves the administration of medication to treat symptoms or complications with no medical prescription, depending on the experience or knowledge of the individual. SM can result in severe consequences due to allergy to medications and medication interactions that the individual does not know. The present study aimed at assessing the prevalence and practice of SM among Saudi students and adolescents by reviewing the previous Saudi studies conducted on this subject. The medical literature explored PubMed and Google scholar databases from 2015 to 2021. The included searching terms were a combination of “SM and Saudi students,” “SM and Prevalence,” “SM and Saudi Adolescents,” and “Saudi prevalence and SM.” The inclusion criteria included original articles conducted on Saudi students and adolescents and full text articles. A total of 70 articles were obtained. Only nine articles were eligible for the inclusion criteria. The nine studies included a total number of 3,265 participants and covered seven regions of Saudi Arabia. Analgesics were the most commonly used medication, and the main cause for SM was a headache, whereas the significant purpose of practicing SM was saving time. SM is highly prevalent and practiced by Saudi students and adolescents; practicing SM was also high regardless of the participants’ specialty; it was also high among medical students.

Keywords:
Self-medication, Saudi students, Saudi adolescents, prevalence, practice


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Self-medication among Saudi students and adolescents: a systematic review


Authors
Fahad Khalawi
John Hopkins Aramco Health Care, Taif University, Jizan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Faisal Alghashmari
John Hopkins Aramco Health Care, Taif University, Jizan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Bassam Tomihi
Armed forces Health Services, Jazan University, Jizan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Asmaa Abdullah Moafa
Sabt Alalya General Hospital, Jazan University, Jizan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Majidah Abdulrahman Ghawi
Al Thaghr Hospital in Jeddah, Jazan University, Jizan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Elaf Makki

PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Fahad khalawi, Damam, Saudi Arabia.; Fahad_khalawi@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 06 Dec 2021
Accepted 23 Dec 2021
Published online 24 Dec 2021
Published in print 19 Jan 2022

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Pubmed Style

Khalawi F, Alghashmari F, Tomihi B, Moafa AA, Ghawi MA, Makki E. Self-medication among Saudi students and adolescents: a systematic review. IJMDC. 2022; 6(2): 385-393. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1638826141


Web Style

Khalawi F, Alghashmari F, Tomihi B, Moafa AA, Ghawi MA, Makki E. Self-medication among Saudi students and adolescents: a systematic review. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=40149 [Access: May 25, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1638826141


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khalawi F, Alghashmari F, Tomihi B, Moafa AA, Ghawi MA, Makki E. Self-medication among Saudi students and adolescents: a systematic review. IJMDC. 2022; 6(2): 385-393. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1638826141


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khalawi F, Alghashmari F, Tomihi B, Moafa AA, Ghawi MA, Makki E. Self-medication among Saudi students and adolescents: a systematic review. IJMDC. (2022), [cited May 25, 2022]; 6(2): 385-393. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1638826141


Harvard Style

Khalawi, F., Alghashmari, . F., Tomihi, . B., Moafa, . A. A., Ghawi, . M. A. & Makki, . E. (2022) Self-medication among Saudi students and adolescents: a systematic review. IJMDC, 6 (2), 385-393. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1638826141


Turabian Style

Khalawi, Fahad, Faisal Alghashmari, Bassam Tomihi, Asmaa Abdullah Moafa, Majidah Abdulrahman Ghawi, and Elaf Makki. 2022. Self-medication among Saudi students and adolescents: a systematic review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (2), 385-393. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1638826141


Chicago Style

Khalawi, Fahad, Faisal Alghashmari, Bassam Tomihi, Asmaa Abdullah Moafa, Majidah Abdulrahman Ghawi, and Elaf Makki. "Self-medication among Saudi students and adolescents: a systematic review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 385-393. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1638826141


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khalawi, Fahad, Faisal Alghashmari, Bassam Tomihi, Asmaa Abdullah Moafa, Majidah Abdulrahman Ghawi, and Elaf Makki. "Self-medication among Saudi students and adolescents: a systematic review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.2 (2022), 385-393. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1638826141


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khalawi, F., Alghashmari, . F., Tomihi, . B., Moafa, . A. A., Ghawi, . M. A. & Makki, . E. (2022) Self-medication among Saudi students and adolescents: a systematic review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (2), 385-393. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1638826141


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