Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 845-849

Smoking pattern among adults in Al-Diriyah, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Mona A. Alfadeel, Sumayyah Ali AlZayed, Malak Hamad Alenazi, Shahed Talal Kobboch, Sarah Suliman Aljunidel, Nouf Fahad Almutairi, Sara Abdullah Alhamad, Fatimah Musa Ali Madkhali, Sahab Khamis Alolaqi.

ABSTRACT

Background: The prevalence of smoking is high and should be considered as a warning for the coming epidemic. This study aimed to describe the pattern (proportion, common types, and the possible risk factors) of smoking among adults male studentsí families in Al-Diriyah, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Methodology: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in Al-Diriyah in governmental and private schools. Al-Diriyah is a town in Saudi Arabia located on the north-western outskirts of Riyadh. The data were collected from 200 adult males by convenience sampling method. Results: The proportion of current smokers was 90% among elementary education, 23% in intermediate, 24% in high school, and 17% in university-educated. This decline across different education levels was statistically significant. The proportion of cigarette smokers were 28% and shisha smokers were 13% distributed among different education levels. This shows that the most common type of smoking is cigarette than shisha. The proportion of adults who said that their friends smoke around them was 77%, a sibling or father was 36%, and a teacher was 29%. This shows that friends feels comfortable to smoke around each compared to family members. Conclusion: University-educated people were found to have the lowest among current smokers. Also, cigarette smoking was found as the most common type among adults males. Finally, friends were likely to influence a nonsmoker to smoke.

Keywords:
Smoking, pattern, adults, Al-Diriyah.


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Smoking pattern among adults in Al-Diriyah, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Mona A Alfadeel
Department of Community Medicine, University of Almaarefa, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sumayyah Ali AlZayed
University of Almaarefa, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Malak Hamad Alenazi
University of Almaarefa, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Shahed Talal Kobboch
University of Almaarefa, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Sarah Suliman Aljunidel
University of Almaarefa, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Nouf Fahad Almutairi
University of Almaarefa, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Sara Abdullah Alhamad
University of Almaarefa, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Fatimah Musa Ali Madkhali
University of Almaarefa, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sahab Khamis Alolaqi
University of Almaarefa, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. University of Almaarefa, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.; somzayed@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 18 Jan 2021
Accepted 21 Jan 2021
Published online 21 Jan 2021
Published in print 04 Mar 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alfadeel MA, AlZayed SA, Alenazi MH, Kobboch ST, Aljunidel SS, Almutairi NF, Alhamad SA, Madkhali FMA, Alolaqi SK. Smoking pattern among adults in Al-Diriyah, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 845-849. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609351681


Web Style

Alfadeel MA, AlZayed SA, Alenazi MH, Kobboch ST, Aljunidel SS, Almutairi NF, Alhamad SA, Madkhali FMA, Alolaqi SK. Smoking pattern among adults in Al-Diriyah, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=38095 [Access: April 22, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609351681


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alfadeel MA, AlZayed SA, Alenazi MH, Kobboch ST, Aljunidel SS, Almutairi NF, Alhamad SA, Madkhali FMA, Alolaqi SK. Smoking pattern among adults in Al-Diriyah, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 845-849. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609351681


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alfadeel MA, AlZayed SA, Alenazi MH, Kobboch ST, Aljunidel SS, Almutairi NF, Alhamad SA, Madkhali FMA, Alolaqi SK. Smoking pattern among adults in Al-Diriyah, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited April 22, 2021]; 5(3): 845-849. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609351681


Harvard Style

Alfadeel, M. A., AlZayed, . S. A., Alenazi, . M. H., Kobboch, . S. T., Aljunidel, . S. S., Almutairi, . N. F., Alhamad, . S. A., Madkhali, . F. M. A. & Alolaqi, . S. K. (2021) Smoking pattern among adults in Al-Diriyah, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (3), 845-849. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609351681


Turabian Style

Alfadeel, Mona A., Sumayyah Ali AlZayed, Malak Hamad Alenazi, Shahed Talal Kobboch, Sarah Suliman Aljunidel, Nouf Fahad Almutairi, Sara Abdullah Alhamad, Fatimah Musa Ali Madkhali, and Sahab Khamis Alolaqi. 2021. Smoking pattern among adults in Al-Diriyah, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (3), 845-849. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609351681


Chicago Style

Alfadeel, Mona A., Sumayyah Ali AlZayed, Malak Hamad Alenazi, Shahed Talal Kobboch, Sarah Suliman Aljunidel, Nouf Fahad Almutairi, Sara Abdullah Alhamad, Fatimah Musa Ali Madkhali, and Sahab Khamis Alolaqi. "Smoking pattern among adults in Al-Diriyah, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 845-849. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609351681


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alfadeel, Mona A., Sumayyah Ali AlZayed, Malak Hamad Alenazi, Shahed Talal Kobboch, Sarah Suliman Aljunidel, Nouf Fahad Almutairi, Sara Abdullah Alhamad, Fatimah Musa Ali Madkhali, and Sahab Khamis Alolaqi. "Smoking pattern among adults in Al-Diriyah, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.3 (2021), 845-849. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609351681


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alfadeel, M. A., AlZayed, . S. A., Alenazi, . M. H., Kobboch, . S. T., Aljunidel, . S. S., Almutairi, . N. F., Alhamad, . S. A., Madkhali, . F. M. A. & Alolaqi, . S. K. (2021) Smoking pattern among adults in Al-Diriyah, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (3), 845-849. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609351681


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