Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 838-844

Awareness and knowledge toward dry eye disease among Saudi Arabian population

Authors: Allam Khalid, Aladhyani Abdulwahab, Alharbi Aseel, Alshngeetee Ayshah, Alharbi Khalid, Aljuaid Mohammed, Alshowigi Njood, Alghamdi Omar, Alnuman Rawand, Alkhaldi Saleh.

ABSTRACT

Background: Dry eye syndrome (DES), also known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), affects the tear film either by decreasing the production of tears or by increasing the evaporation of tears. Also, the syndrome is multifactorial, where patients usually complain of a variety of symptoms, including dry eyes, burning sensation, pain, and photophobia. The present study aimed at measuring the awareness and knowledge regarding DES among the population of Saudi Arabia via a questionnaire. Methodology: Healthy Saudi adults (male and female) would answer an online questionnaire delivered by social media to measure the awareness of KCS among patients aged from 18 to 55 years, where healthcare providers were not allowed to participate in the study. Results: In this study, we received 451 responses to our questionnaire. Almost half of the participants were aged between 18 and 25 years, while 28.6% were aged between 36 and 55 years. Females represented a slightly higher percentage of the sample (57.9%). Asthma was the most commonly reported chronic condition with a prevalence of 9.1%, while hypertension prevalence was 6.2%. Moreover, most of the participants indicated that they had not had any ocular surgery (82%), while 11.8% indicated that they had refractive surgery and 5.1% had other surgery. Conclusion: We had observed a poor attitude toward DES among the Saudi Arabian population, including that most of the participants did not have a routine ophthalmologist visit and tended to use electronic devices for a long time without a break knowing about their risk

Keywords:
Dry eye, DES, complication, knowledge, treatment, causes.


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Awareness and knowledge toward dry eye disease among Saudi Arabian population


Authors
Allam Khalid
Department of Vitreoretinal Surgery, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Aladhyani Abdulwahab
Shaqra University, Shaqra, Saudi Arabia
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Alharbi Aseel
King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Alshngeetee Ayshah
Imam Mohammed Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Alharbi Khalid
Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Aljuaid Mohammed
Umm Al-Qura University, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
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Alshowigi Njood
King Fahad Hospital-Albaha Ophthalmology Department, Albaha, Saudi Arabia
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Alghamdi Omar
Jouf University, Jouf, Saudi Arabia
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Alnuman Rawand
Ophthalmology Department, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
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Alkhaldi Saleh

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Correspondence to:
. Department of Vitreoretinal Surgery, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; ayshahshngeetee@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 30 Dec 2020
Accepted 19 Jan 2021
Published online 19 Jan 2021
Published in print 04 Mar 2021

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Pubmed Style

Khalid A, Abdulwahab A, Aseel A, Ayshah A, Khalid A, Mohammed A, Njood A, Omar A, Rawand A, Saleh A. Awareness and knowledge toward dry eye disease among Saudi Arabian population. IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 838-844. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609345198


Web Style

Khalid A, Abdulwahab A, Aseel A, Ayshah A, Khalid A, Mohammed A, Njood A, Omar A, Rawand A, Saleh A. Awareness and knowledge toward dry eye disease among Saudi Arabian population. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=38059 [Access: April 22, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609345198


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khalid A, Abdulwahab A, Aseel A, Ayshah A, Khalid A, Mohammed A, Njood A, Omar A, Rawand A, Saleh A. Awareness and knowledge toward dry eye disease among Saudi Arabian population. IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 838-844. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609345198


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khalid A, Abdulwahab A, Aseel A, Ayshah A, Khalid A, Mohammed A, Njood A, Omar A, Rawand A, Saleh A. Awareness and knowledge toward dry eye disease among Saudi Arabian population. IJMDC. (2021), [cited April 22, 2021]; 5(3): 838-844. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609345198


Harvard Style

Khalid, A., Abdulwahab, . A., Aseel, . A., Ayshah, . A., Khalid, . A., Mohammed, . A., Njood, . A., Omar, . A., Rawand, . A. & Saleh, . A. (2021) Awareness and knowledge toward dry eye disease among Saudi Arabian population. IJMDC, 5 (3), 838-844. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609345198


Turabian Style

Khalid, Allam, Aladhyani Abdulwahab, Alharbi Aseel, Alshngeetee Ayshah, Alharbi Khalid, Aljuaid Mohammed, Alshowigi Njood, Alghamdi Omar, Alnuman Rawand, and Alkhaldi Saleh. 2021. Awareness and knowledge toward dry eye disease among Saudi Arabian population. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (3), 838-844. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609345198


Chicago Style

Khalid, Allam, Aladhyani Abdulwahab, Alharbi Aseel, Alshngeetee Ayshah, Alharbi Khalid, Aljuaid Mohammed, Alshowigi Njood, Alghamdi Omar, Alnuman Rawand, and Alkhaldi Saleh. "Awareness and knowledge toward dry eye disease among Saudi Arabian population." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 838-844. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609345198


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khalid, Allam, Aladhyani Abdulwahab, Alharbi Aseel, Alshngeetee Ayshah, Alharbi Khalid, Aljuaid Mohammed, Alshowigi Njood, Alghamdi Omar, Alnuman Rawand, and Alkhaldi Saleh. "Awareness and knowledge toward dry eye disease among Saudi Arabian population." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.3 (2021), 838-844. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609345198


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khalid, A., Abdulwahab, . A., Aseel, . A., Ayshah, . A., Khalid, . A., Mohammed, . A., Njood, . A., Omar, . A., Rawand, . A. & Saleh, . A. (2021) Awareness and knowledge toward dry eye disease among Saudi Arabian population. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (3), 838-844. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1609345198


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