Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 823-828

Acute pancreatitis: a retrospective cohort study of the epidemiological features of the disease in King Fahad specialist hospital, Buraydah, Qassim Region

Authors: Resheed Eid Alkhiari, Hareth Nasir Alhujaili, Khalid Mania Alkhalifah, Abdulaziz Sulaiman Alturayri, Muna Abdulaziz Almijmaj, Raghad Juaidan Alhomidani, Omar Hamad Alrashedi, Nawaf Haif Almutairi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammation of the pancreas with wide clinical variation and epidemiological distribution. This study aimed to assess the epidemiological features of AP in Qassim region. Methods: All consecutive patients who presented with AP at King Fahd Specialist Hospital in Buraydah, Qassim region between 2017 and 2019 were included. The primary outcome of the study was to explore the epidemiological features, etiology, severity and outcome for those patients. Results: A total of 37 patients were included in the study; 54% of those patients were found to have mild form of AP. Biliary and idiopathic sources were the main etiology and account for more 85% of the cases. More than half of the patients had local complications including pancreatic fluid collection. Conclusion: Gallstone and idiopathic source of etiology represent the most common cause of AP in Qassim region. Most of the patients had mild presentation, however, local complications from AP were found in more than half of the patients.

Keywords:
Acute pancreatitis, gallstones, severity of acute pancreatitis, complications, Saudi Arabia.


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Acute pancreatitis: a retrospective cohort study of the epidemiological features of the disease in King Fahad specialist hospital, Buraydah, Qassim Region


Authors
Resheed Eid Alkhiari
Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hareth Nasir Alhujaili
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Khalid Mania Alkhalifah
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulaziz Sulaiman Alturayri
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Muna Abdulaziz Almijmaj
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
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Raghad Juaidan Alhomidani
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
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Omar Hamad Alrashedi
Department of Medicine, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Buraydah, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
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Nawaf Haif Almutairi
Department of Medicine, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Buraydah, Qassim, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Khalid Mania Alkhalifah, Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia.; Alkhalifah.km@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 19 Dec 2020
Accepted 16 Jan 2021
Published online 16 Jan 2021
Published in print 04 Mar 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alkhiari RE, Alhujaili HN, Alkhalifah KM, Alturayri AS, Almijmaj MA, Alhomidani RJ, Alrashedi OH, Almutairi NH. Acute pancreatitis: a retrospective cohort study of the epidemiological features of the disease in King Fahad specialist hospital, Buraydah, Qassim Region. IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 823-828. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608322212


Web Style

Alkhiari RE, Alhujaili HN, Alkhalifah KM, Alturayri AS, Almijmaj MA, Alhomidani RJ, Alrashedi OH, Almutairi NH. Acute pancreatitis: a retrospective cohort study of the epidemiological features of the disease in King Fahad specialist hospital, Buraydah, Qassim Region. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=32474 [Access: April 22, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608322212


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alkhiari RE, Alhujaili HN, Alkhalifah KM, Alturayri AS, Almijmaj MA, Alhomidani RJ, Alrashedi OH, Almutairi NH. Acute pancreatitis: a retrospective cohort study of the epidemiological features of the disease in King Fahad specialist hospital, Buraydah, Qassim Region. IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 823-828. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608322212


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alkhiari RE, Alhujaili HN, Alkhalifah KM, Alturayri AS, Almijmaj MA, Alhomidani RJ, Alrashedi OH, Almutairi NH. Acute pancreatitis: a retrospective cohort study of the epidemiological features of the disease in King Fahad specialist hospital, Buraydah, Qassim Region. IJMDC. (2021), [cited April 22, 2021]; 5(3): 823-828. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608322212


Harvard Style

Alkhiari, R. E., Alhujaili, . H. N., Alkhalifah, . K. M., Alturayri, . A. S., Almijmaj, . M. A., Alhomidani, . R. J., Alrashedi, . O. H. & Almutairi, . N. H. (2021) Acute pancreatitis: a retrospective cohort study of the epidemiological features of the disease in King Fahad specialist hospital, Buraydah, Qassim Region. IJMDC, 5 (3), 823-828. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608322212


Turabian Style

Alkhiari, Resheed Eid, Hareth Nasir Alhujaili, Khalid Mania Alkhalifah, Abdulaziz Sulaiman Alturayri, Muna Abdulaziz Almijmaj, Raghad Juaidan Alhomidani, Omar Hamad Alrashedi, and Nawaf Haif Almutairi. 2021. Acute pancreatitis: a retrospective cohort study of the epidemiological features of the disease in King Fahad specialist hospital, Buraydah, Qassim Region. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (3), 823-828. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608322212


Chicago Style

Alkhiari, Resheed Eid, Hareth Nasir Alhujaili, Khalid Mania Alkhalifah, Abdulaziz Sulaiman Alturayri, Muna Abdulaziz Almijmaj, Raghad Juaidan Alhomidani, Omar Hamad Alrashedi, and Nawaf Haif Almutairi. "Acute pancreatitis: a retrospective cohort study of the epidemiological features of the disease in King Fahad specialist hospital, Buraydah, Qassim Region." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 823-828. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608322212


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alkhiari, Resheed Eid, Hareth Nasir Alhujaili, Khalid Mania Alkhalifah, Abdulaziz Sulaiman Alturayri, Muna Abdulaziz Almijmaj, Raghad Juaidan Alhomidani, Omar Hamad Alrashedi, and Nawaf Haif Almutairi. "Acute pancreatitis: a retrospective cohort study of the epidemiological features of the disease in King Fahad specialist hospital, Buraydah, Qassim Region." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.3 (2021), 823-828. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608322212


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alkhiari, R. E., Alhujaili, . H. N., Alkhalifah, . K. M., Alturayri, . A. S., Almijmaj, . M. A., Alhomidani, . R. J., Alrashedi, . O. H. & Almutairi, . N. H. (2021) Acute pancreatitis: a retrospective cohort study of the epidemiological features of the disease in King Fahad specialist hospital, Buraydah, Qassim Region. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (3), 823-828. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608322212


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