Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 814-822

Assessment of medical studentsí awareness of dietary supplement consumption at Qassim University, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Omar Yousef Alsaawi, Yasser Rasheed Alrubaysh, Abdulhakim Farhan Alharbi, Turki Ibrahim Aloraini, Jarallah Abdulrahman Aljarallah, Amir Mohamed Alsouli.

ABSTRACT

Background: The maintenance of good health requires adequate amounts of nutrients, vitamins, minerals, and amino acids in the human body. Dietary supplement (DS) consumption has increased explosively in recent years across all generations for obtaining several health benefits, promoting weight loss, and enhancing physical performance. We aimed to assess DS consumption awareness among medical students at Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, a self-administered questionnaire was administered to the medical students, which included questions on socio-demographic characteristics, body mass index, nutritional awareness, knowledge, and patterns of DS consumption. Data were tabulated and cleaned in MS Excel. All statistical analyses were carried out using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 21 (IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY). Results: In the study population, 77.3% knew the correct meaning of DS, nearly all the participants (90.9%) stated that DS can improve health, and the majority (70%) knew that DS are safe. The most frequently mentioned reason for consuming DS was to improve health (71.8%) and vitamins were the most commonly consumed type of DS (84.5%). Statistical tests revealed that aesthetics was the statistically significant reason for using DS in junior students (Ōá2 = 5.005; p = 0.025), whereas senior students significantly used herbs as a DS (Ōá2 = 4.090; p = 0.043). Conclusion: Medical students were adequately oriented toward the true meaning of DS. Most of them knew that DS are safe and can improve health. Furthermore, there was sufficient awareness regarding the guidelines of daily servings of fruits and vegetables imposed by the Saudi authority.

Keywords:
Dietary supplement, awareness, medical students, Saudi Arabia.


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Assessment of medical studentsí awareness of dietary supplement consumption at Qassim University, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Omar Yousef Alsaawi
Medical Student, Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Yasser Rasheed Alrubaysh
Medical Student, Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulhakim Farhan Alharbi
Medical Student, Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia
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Turki Ibrahim Aloraini
Medical Student, Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia
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Jarallah Abdulrahman Aljarallah
Medical Intern, Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia
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Amir Mohamed Alsouli
Assistant professor, Department of Internal Medicine Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Omar Yousef Alsaawi, Medical Student, Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia.; eaqdha@outlook.com

Publication history
Received 21 Dec 2020
Accepted 17 Jan 2021
Published online 17 Jan 2021
Published in print 04 Mar 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alsaawi OY, Alrubaysh YR, Alharbi AF, Aloraini TI, Aljarallah JA, Alsouli AM. Assessment of medical studentsí awareness of dietary supplement consumption at Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 814-822. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608284766


Web Style

Alsaawi OY, Alrubaysh YR, Alharbi AF, Aloraini TI, Aljarallah JA, Alsouli AM. Assessment of medical studentsí awareness of dietary supplement consumption at Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=32213 [Access: April 22, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608284766


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alsaawi OY, Alrubaysh YR, Alharbi AF, Aloraini TI, Aljarallah JA, Alsouli AM. Assessment of medical studentsí awareness of dietary supplement consumption at Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(3): 814-822. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608284766


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alsaawi OY, Alrubaysh YR, Alharbi AF, Aloraini TI, Aljarallah JA, Alsouli AM. Assessment of medical studentsí awareness of dietary supplement consumption at Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited April 22, 2021]; 5(3): 814-822. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608284766


Harvard Style

Alsaawi, O. Y., Alrubaysh, . Y. R., Alharbi, . A. F., Aloraini, . T. I., Aljarallah, . J. A. & Alsouli, . A. M. (2021) Assessment of medical studentsí awareness of dietary supplement consumption at Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (3), 814-822. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608284766


Turabian Style

Alsaawi, Omar Yousef, Yasser Rasheed Alrubaysh, Abdulhakim Farhan Alharbi, Turki Ibrahim Aloraini, Jarallah Abdulrahman Aljarallah, and Amir Mohamed Alsouli. 2021. Assessment of medical studentsí awareness of dietary supplement consumption at Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (3), 814-822. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608284766


Chicago Style

Alsaawi, Omar Yousef, Yasser Rasheed Alrubaysh, Abdulhakim Farhan Alharbi, Turki Ibrahim Aloraini, Jarallah Abdulrahman Aljarallah, and Amir Mohamed Alsouli. "Assessment of medical studentsí awareness of dietary supplement consumption at Qassim University, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 814-822. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608284766


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alsaawi, Omar Yousef, Yasser Rasheed Alrubaysh, Abdulhakim Farhan Alharbi, Turki Ibrahim Aloraini, Jarallah Abdulrahman Aljarallah, and Amir Mohamed Alsouli. "Assessment of medical studentsí awareness of dietary supplement consumption at Qassim University, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.3 (2021), 814-822. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608284766


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alsaawi, O. Y., Alrubaysh, . Y. R., Alharbi, . A. F., Aloraini, . T. I., Aljarallah, . J. A. & Alsouli, . A. M. (2021) Assessment of medical studentsí awareness of dietary supplement consumption at Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (3), 814-822. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1608284766


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