Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 909-915

Clinical, epidemiological, and operational characteristics of gastroenteritis in Saudi children: An experience of a single tertiary pediatric center

Authors: Hamad AlKhalaf, Winnie Philip, Alaa AlSelaimy, Badriah AlEnazi, Elham AlHarthi, Norah AlHarbi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is considered to have second greatest burden of all the infectious diseases. Knowledge of the etiology of diarrhea and its correlation to the length of hospitalization is not only important for the implementation of appropriate public health measures to control these disease but also, in many cases, for correct treatment. We aimed to investigate the epidemiology, clinical, and operational characteristics of AGE in hospitalized children in a tertiary pediatric center in Riyadh. Methods: Patients aged less than 14 years who were diagnosed with AGE and admitted to the Department of Pediatrics of King Abdullah Specialist children’s Hospital between January 2017 and December 2019 were enrolled. This study reviewed 902 patients with acute gastroenteritis. Results: The age group with the highest risk of hospitalization with AGE was children under the age of 2 years. Three hundred thirty-nine (87.1%) of pathogen positive stool samples were due to undetermined pathogens, while 50 (12.9%) were due to known pathogens. The study found that gender and age at diagnosis were statistically insignificant for the length of hospitalization. More with greater, the length of hospitalization was more among patients with the undetermined pathogens. Conclusion: This study found that the Salmonella species and a rotavirus were the most common known pathogens of AGE in hospitalized children. The gender and age of children with AGE had no association with the length of hospitalization. Moreover, the length of hospitalization was higher in children with AGE caused by undetermined pathogens than known pathogens.

Keywords:
Gastroenteritis, epidemiology, Riyadh, children, aetiology


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Clinical, epidemiological, and operational characteristics of gastroenteritis in Saudi children: An experience of a single tertiary pediatric center


Authors
Hamad AlKhalaf
Department of Pediatrics, King Abdullah Specialized Children’s Hospital, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz, University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Winnie Philip
Department of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Alaa AlSelaimy
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz, University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Badriah AlEnazi
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz, University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Elham AlHarthi
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz, University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Norah AlHarbi
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz, University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Department of Pediatrics, King Abdullah Specialized Children’s Hospital, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz, University for Health Sciences; Khalafha@ngha.med.sa

Publication history
Received 31 Jan 2022
Accepted 24 May 2022
Published online 15 Jun 2022
Published in print 08 Jul 2022

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Pubmed Style

AlKhalaf H, Philip W, AlSelaimy A, AlEnazi B, AlHarthi E, AlHarbi N. Clinical, epidemiological, and operational characteristics of gastroenteritis in Saudi children: An experience of a single tertiary pediatric center. IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 909-915. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1643628366


Web Style

AlKhalaf H, Philip W, AlSelaimy A, AlEnazi B, AlHarthi E, AlHarbi N. Clinical, epidemiological, and operational characteristics of gastroenteritis in Saudi children: An experience of a single tertiary pediatric center. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=22321 [Access: September 29, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1643628366


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

AlKhalaf H, Philip W, AlSelaimy A, AlEnazi B, AlHarthi E, AlHarbi N. Clinical, epidemiological, and operational characteristics of gastroenteritis in Saudi children: An experience of a single tertiary pediatric center. IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 909-915. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1643628366


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

AlKhalaf H, Philip W, AlSelaimy A, AlEnazi B, AlHarthi E, AlHarbi N. Clinical, epidemiological, and operational characteristics of gastroenteritis in Saudi children: An experience of a single tertiary pediatric center. IJMDC. (2022), [cited September 29, 2022]; 6(7): 909-915. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1643628366


Harvard Style

AlKhalaf, H., Philip, . W., AlSelaimy, . A., AlEnazi, . B., AlHarthi, . E. & AlHarbi, . N. (2022) Clinical, epidemiological, and operational characteristics of gastroenteritis in Saudi children: An experience of a single tertiary pediatric center. IJMDC, 6 (7), 909-915. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1643628366


Turabian Style

AlKhalaf, Hamad, Winnie Philip, Alaa AlSelaimy, Badriah AlEnazi, Elham AlHarthi, and Norah AlHarbi. 2022. Clinical, epidemiological, and operational characteristics of gastroenteritis in Saudi children: An experience of a single tertiary pediatric center. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (7), 909-915. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1643628366


Chicago Style

AlKhalaf, Hamad, Winnie Philip, Alaa AlSelaimy, Badriah AlEnazi, Elham AlHarthi, and Norah AlHarbi. "Clinical, epidemiological, and operational characteristics of gastroenteritis in Saudi children: An experience of a single tertiary pediatric center." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 909-915. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1643628366


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

AlKhalaf, Hamad, Winnie Philip, Alaa AlSelaimy, Badriah AlEnazi, Elham AlHarthi, and Norah AlHarbi. "Clinical, epidemiological, and operational characteristics of gastroenteritis in Saudi children: An experience of a single tertiary pediatric center." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.7 (2022), 909-915. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1643628366


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

AlKhalaf, H., Philip, . W., AlSelaimy, . A., AlEnazi, . B., AlHarthi, . E. & AlHarbi, . N. (2022) Clinical, epidemiological, and operational characteristics of gastroenteritis in Saudi children: An experience of a single tertiary pediatric center. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (7), 909-915. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1643628366


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