E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date: 11 / 01 / 2024

 


Public Awareness, Prevalence, and Risk Factors of Diaper Dermatitis Among Infants in Al-Qunfudhah Governorate, Saudi Arabia

Medhat Taha, Ebrahem R. Alsohabi, Nawaf H. AlRufaydi, Sarah A. Alesse, Fatimah A. Almaqadi, Maram M. almathami, Hanan H. Alshaeri, Reham H. Alquzi, Ahmad Alsohabi, Majed Awad Algadhi, Hussam FAROUQ Mutair, Hassan Alsuhabi, Yahia Mubarak Almarhaby.


Abstract
Background: Diaper dermatitis (DD) was considered one of the most common pediatric dermatological complaints. The presentation of DD can be summarized by symptoms such as papules; erythematous rash; erosions around the thighs, buttocks, or scrotum; suprapubic region areas of skin creases; and scaling. The initial treatment of DD is to keep the diaper area skin as dry as possible. Many mild topical steroids and barrier creams are available to protect against infant skin inflammation. Methods: The sample size was calculated using the Fisher sample method. This study was conducted in Al-Qunfudhah governorate, Saudi Arabia through a questionnaire. The sample size selected was suitable for defining the DD prevalence and causative factor in 0-24-month-old children and those older than 24 months. Results: The majority of participants were female parents 343 (80.33%) at university level 305 (71.43%), their children mostly female 179 (51.88%) aged than 24 months 193 (45.20%). Most of participants that have a child with DD change diaper three times a day 276 (64.64%), and use a cleaning agent water and wet wipes 157 (45.51%). Generally, we founded that prevalence of DD was 80.80% (345/427). When comparing gender groups, females had a higher prevalence (51.88%) compared to males (48.12%) (p=0.7724). Conclusion: Using baby powder and changing diapers fewer than three times per night increased the risk of DD in the study population. As a result, future DD prevention strategies for this age group should emphasize frequent diaper changing (especially at night), as well as the use of diaper cream that improves the skin barrier.

Key words: Diaper dermatitis, prevalence, Al-Qunfudah, bad hygiene, diaper region.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Taha M, Alsohabi ER, AlRufaydi NH, Alesse SA, Almaqadi FA, almathami MM, Alshaeri HH, Alquzi RH, Alsohabi A, Algadhi MA, Mutair HF, Alsuhabi H, Almarhaby YM. Public Awareness, Prevalence, and Risk Factors of Diaper Dermatitis Among Infants in Al-Qunfudhah Governorate, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2024; 8(2): 810-818. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1704517778


Web Style

Taha M, Alsohabi ER, AlRufaydi NH, Alesse SA, Almaqadi FA, almathami MM, Alshaeri HH, Alquzi RH, Alsohabi A, Algadhi MA, Mutair HF, Alsuhabi H, Almarhaby YM. Public Awareness, Prevalence, and Risk Factors of Diaper Dermatitis Among Infants in Al-Qunfudhah Governorate, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=184121 [Access: February 07, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1704517778


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Taha M, Alsohabi ER, AlRufaydi NH, Alesse SA, Almaqadi FA, almathami MM, Alshaeri HH, Alquzi RH, Alsohabi A, Algadhi MA, Mutair HF, Alsuhabi H, Almarhaby YM. Public Awareness, Prevalence, and Risk Factors of Diaper Dermatitis Among Infants in Al-Qunfudhah Governorate, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2024; 8(2): 810-818. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1704517778



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Taha M, Alsohabi ER, AlRufaydi NH, Alesse SA, Almaqadi FA, almathami MM, Alshaeri HH, Alquzi RH, Alsohabi A, Algadhi MA, Mutair HF, Alsuhabi H, Almarhaby YM. Public Awareness, Prevalence, and Risk Factors of Diaper Dermatitis Among Infants in Al-Qunfudhah Governorate, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2024), [cited February 07, 2024]; 8(2): 810-818. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1704517778



Harvard Style

Taha, M., Alsohabi, . E. R., AlRufaydi, . N. H., Alesse, . S. A., Almaqadi, . F. A., almathami, . M. M., Alshaeri, . H. H., Alquzi, . R. H., Alsohabi, . A., Algadhi, . M. A., Mutair, . H. F., Alsuhabi, . H. & Almarhaby, . Y. M. (2024) Public Awareness, Prevalence, and Risk Factors of Diaper Dermatitis Among Infants in Al-Qunfudhah Governorate, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 8 (2), 810-818. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1704517778



Turabian Style

Taha, Medhat, Ebrahem R. Alsohabi, Nawaf H. AlRufaydi, Sarah A. Alesse, Fatimah A. Almaqadi, Maram M. almathami, Hanan H. Alshaeri, Reham H. Alquzi, Ahmad Alsohabi, Majed Awad Algadhi, Hussam FAROUQ Mutair, Hassan Alsuhabi, and Yahia Mubarak Almarhaby. 2024. Public Awareness, Prevalence, and Risk Factors of Diaper Dermatitis Among Infants in Al-Qunfudhah Governorate, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (2), 810-818. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1704517778



Chicago Style

Taha, Medhat, Ebrahem R. Alsohabi, Nawaf H. AlRufaydi, Sarah A. Alesse, Fatimah A. Almaqadi, Maram M. almathami, Hanan H. Alshaeri, Reham H. Alquzi, Ahmad Alsohabi, Majed Awad Algadhi, Hussam FAROUQ Mutair, Hassan Alsuhabi, and Yahia Mubarak Almarhaby. "Public Awareness, Prevalence, and Risk Factors of Diaper Dermatitis Among Infants in Al-Qunfudhah Governorate, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8 (2024), 810-818. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1704517778



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Taha, Medhat, Ebrahem R. Alsohabi, Nawaf H. AlRufaydi, Sarah A. Alesse, Fatimah A. Almaqadi, Maram M. almathami, Hanan H. Alshaeri, Reham H. Alquzi, Ahmad Alsohabi, Majed Awad Algadhi, Hussam FAROUQ Mutair, Hassan Alsuhabi, and Yahia Mubarak Almarhaby. "Public Awareness, Prevalence, and Risk Factors of Diaper Dermatitis Among Infants in Al-Qunfudhah Governorate, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8.2 (2024), 810-818. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1704517778



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Taha, M., Alsohabi, . E. R., AlRufaydi, . N. H., Alesse, . S. A., Almaqadi, . F. A., almathami, . M. M., Alshaeri, . H. H., Alquzi, . R. H., Alsohabi, . A., Algadhi, . M. A., Mutair, . H. F., Alsuhabi, . H. & Almarhaby, . Y. M. (2024) Public Awareness, Prevalence, and Risk Factors of Diaper Dermatitis Among Infants in Al-Qunfudhah Governorate, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (2), 810-818. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1704517778





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