E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Review Article

Online Publishing Date: 09 / 01 / 2024

 


Urethral Recurrence Post Radical Cystectomy for Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma: A Literature review

Ahmed Alhelaly, Saad Abdulaziz AlShathri, Faris A. Alanazi, Yara Almuhanna, Soaad Alamri, Lama Alabduljabbar.


Abstract
Data providing a well-structured plan for early detection and ideal follow-up protocols for urethral recurrence post radical cystectomy for bladder urothelial carcinoma are scattered across articles and have not been emphasized in the core of the literature. This literature review aims to provide an overview of the most recent data concerning all aspects of urethral recurrence after radical cystectomy, with a particular focus on surveillance and ideal follow-up protocols for early detection. Data on patients who had urethral recurrence after radical cystectomy for bladder urothelial carcinoma between 1990 and 2023 were collected and analyzed. Out of 277 studies, 50 were included. Exclusion criteria included patients with primary urethral malignancy, pediatric patients, patients with upper urinary tract involvement, and studies before 1990.Surveillance should be individualized according to each patient's specific risk factors. Patients were classified into low, intermediate, and high-risk groups based on these defined factors. Patients without symptoms and those at low risk should receive regular check-ups without urethral cytology. Intermediate and high-risk patients should have follow-ups every 3-6 months, which include urethral wash cytology, and if the cytology results are positive, urethroscopy is performed. Our study highlights that tailored surveillance is the key to early detection of urethral recurrence post radical cystectomy for bladder urothelial carcinoma, which, in turn, substantially improves prognostic outcomes as well as the quality of life in these patients.

Key words: Urethral, recurrence, radical, cystectomy.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Ahmed Alhelaly
Articles by Saad Abdulaziz AlShathri
Articles by Faris A. Alanazi
Articles by Yara Almuhanna
Articles by Soaad Alamri
Articles by Lama Alabduljabbar
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alhelaly A, AlShathri SA, FAA, YA, Alamri S, Alabduljabbar L. Urethral Recurrence Post Radical Cystectomy for Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma: A Literature review. IJMDC. 2024; 8(2): 887-895. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1702318202


Web Style

Alhelaly A, AlShathri SA, FAA, YA, Alamri S, Alabduljabbar L. Urethral Recurrence Post Radical Cystectomy for Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma: A Literature review. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=180931 [Access: February 07, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1702318202


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alhelaly A, AlShathri SA, FAA, YA, Alamri S, Alabduljabbar L. Urethral Recurrence Post Radical Cystectomy for Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma: A Literature review. IJMDC. 2024; 8(2): 887-895. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1702318202



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alhelaly A, AlShathri SA, FAA, YA, Alamri S, Alabduljabbar L. Urethral Recurrence Post Radical Cystectomy for Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma: A Literature review. IJMDC. (2024), [cited February 07, 2024]; 8(2): 887-895. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1702318202



Harvard Style

Alhelaly, A., AlShathri, . S. A., , . F. A. A., , . Y. A., Alamri, . S. & Alabduljabbar, . L. (2024) Urethral Recurrence Post Radical Cystectomy for Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma: A Literature review. IJMDC, 8 (2), 887-895. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1702318202



Turabian Style

Alhelaly, Ahmed, Saad Abdulaziz AlShathri, Faris A. Alanazi, Yara Almuhanna, Soaad Alamri, and Lama Alabduljabbar. 2024. Urethral Recurrence Post Radical Cystectomy for Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma: A Literature review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (2), 887-895. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1702318202



Chicago Style

Alhelaly, Ahmed, Saad Abdulaziz AlShathri, Faris A. Alanazi, Yara Almuhanna, Soaad Alamri, and Lama Alabduljabbar. "Urethral Recurrence Post Radical Cystectomy for Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma: A Literature review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8 (2024), 887-895. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1702318202



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alhelaly, Ahmed, Saad Abdulaziz AlShathri, Faris A. Alanazi, Yara Almuhanna, Soaad Alamri, and Lama Alabduljabbar. "Urethral Recurrence Post Radical Cystectomy for Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma: A Literature review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8.2 (2024), 887-895. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1702318202



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alhelaly, A., AlShathri, . S. A., , . F. A. A., , . Y. A., Alamri, . S. & Alabduljabbar, . L. (2024) Urethral Recurrence Post Radical Cystectomy for Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma: A Literature review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (2), 887-895. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1702318202





Most Viewed Articles
Most Accessed Articles

  • Marginal adaptation of fixed prosthodontics
    Shahad Mohammed Halawani, Sahar Amer Al-Harbi
    IJMDC. 2017; 1(2): 78-84
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.1.2.7

  • Parasites in central nervous system
    Amal Ahmed Mohamed, Asmaa Mohamed Mansour
    IJMDC. 2017; 1(2): 72-77
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.1.2.6

  • Non-diabetic retinopathy: a case report
    Hassan F. Alkwikbi, Nabil Mamon Abdelfattah, Haithem Mamon Abdelfattah
    IJMDC. 2017; 1(1): 33-37
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.1.1.6

  • Vitamin D deficiency among high school female students in Riyadh
    Sahar Mohsen Aldhafeeri, Fatemah Ibraheem Alrawaji, Abrar Mubarak Algharbi, Alanoud Abdullah Alhessan, Ayat Sami Qabaja, Ghaleah Abdulaziz Alnassar, Ghaliah Ofayn Alsulami, Mashael Belal Alrubaian, Norah Abdulaziz Alhatim, Salehah Salih Alotaibi, Zahra Ali Alkhamees
    IJMDC. 2017; 1(1): 18-23
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.1.1.4

  • Prognosis of chronic complications of diabetes mellitus (DM) after multiple events of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
    Baraa Faiez Rajab, Anwar Essa Alamrim, Ali Essa Alamri
    IJMDC. 2019; 3(5): 474-479
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1546551993

  • Most Downloaded
    Top Downloaded Articles

  • Anti-IL-17 markedly inhibited the in vitro granuloma induced by Schistosoma mansoni soluble egg antigen.
    Asmaa Ezz, Irene S. Gmail, Fatma Elzahraa H. Salem, Rabab Salama, Soad Nady
    IJMDC. 2018; 2(January 2018): 38-46
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.2.1.7

  • Vitamin D deficiency among high school female students in Riyadh
    Sahar Mohsen Aldhafeeri, Fatemah Ibraheem Alrawaji, Abrar Mubarak Algharbi, Alanoud Abdullah Alhessan, Ayat Sami Qabaja, Ghaleah Abdulaziz Alnassar, Ghaliah Ofayn Alsulami, Mashael Belal Alrubaian, Norah Abdulaziz Alhatim, Salehah Salih Alotaibi, Zahra Ali Alkhamees
    IJMDC. 2017; 1(1): 18-23
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.1.1.4

  • Antibiotic Resistance Crisis
    Nuha Saad Mobarki, Buthaina Abdullah Almerabi, Ahmad Hattan Hattan
    IJMDC. 2019; 3(6): 561-564
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549060699

  • The knowledge of mothers about children malnutrition and associated factors
    Anas Abdulrahman Aljohani, Mujahid Abdulrahman Aljohani
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 7-11
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1541620358

  • Knowledge and attitude of caregivers of cerebral palsy children in Riyadh city
    Abdulaziz Alruwaished, Baleegh Ali, Lubna Abdullah Alhowaimil , Abaraa adullah Alhowaimil, Najd Abdullah Alhowaimil, Aminah Alessa
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 12-17
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1547833051

  • Most Cited Articles
    Most Cited Articles

  • Antibiotic Resistance Crisis
    Nuha Saad Mobarki, Buthaina Abdullah Almerabi, Ahmad Hattan Hattan
    IJMDC. 2019; 3(6): 561-564
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1549060699
    Cited : 34 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress among diabetes mellitus patients in Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia
    AMohammed Elamin Mukrim, Nujud Muteb D. Alshammari, Wurud Muteb D. Alshammari, Maali Subhi T. Alshammari, Yousef Nasif R. Alshammari, Abdulaziz Sael M. Alshammari, Maisa Hamad F. Alanazi, Abdulelah Abdulrhman F. Alzammam, Muharib Mana M. Alshammari, Slwa Khaled Abu Asyah, Aseel Jamal Alzuhayri, Mushref Saeid Alshammari
    IJMDC. 2019; 3(3): 229-233
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1542576396
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Knowledge, attitude, and practice of breast self-examination toward breast cancer among female students at King Saud University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Abdullah Nasser Alomair, Dania Ghazi Felemban, Mohannad Sami Felemban, Jameel Abdullah Awadain, Ammar Saud Altowairqi, Nawaf Fawzan Alfawzan, Fatimah Mohammed Almazayen, Abdulrahman Jalwi Korkoman, Nawaf Saad Alrusayyis
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 429-434
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576668182
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Population awareness about rheumatoid arthritis in Jazan region, Saudi Arabia
    Ahmad Ali Hazzazi, Mohssen Hassen Ageeli, Ahmed Ali Muyidi, Abdulaziz Mohammad Abulgasim, Abdullah Ahmad Yateemi, Nabil Alhakami
    IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 668-675
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576010943
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Prevalence and factors associated with depression among health care workers in National Guard Hospital in Riyadh, KSA
    Noor Mohammad AlFahhad
    IJMDC. 2018; 2(September 2018): 92-96
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/IJMDC.51-1526306040
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]