E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date:
21 / 04 / 2024

 


Does weather and time have any effect on gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms in a sample of the Saudi community?

Waleed Mohammed AlHuzaim, Omar Dawas AlDawas, Abdullah Ahmad AlFihaid, Saud Turki AlHazani, Abdulelah Mohammed AlSoby, Faisal Musaed AlJarbuo, Mohammed Ibrahim AlOraini.


Abstract
Objective: This study aimed to determine if there was any correlation between weather and time and their effects on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms.
Methods: The analytical cross-sectional study was conducted using an online questionnaire to gather information from the population of Saudi Arabia aged above 16 years. The questionnaire included questions regarding the demographic factors of the patients, the severity of GERD in patients, and whether the symptoms change depending on the weather and time of day.
Results: In this study, the data were collected from 400 participants. Among the sample, 31% were aged between 16 and 25 years old and 57% were females. Furthermore, 40.0% of the patients described the severity of pain associated with GERD as moderate, while 6.7% reported having very severe pain. Considering the relation between symptoms of GERD and climate differences, it was found that morning was the last time that was reported by patients to have severe and painful reflux (15%). Moreover, almost three quarters of the participants reported having severe and painful reflux in both the summer and winter seasons (35.5% and 39.3%). Furthermore, most of the participants reported that symptoms become worse at high temperatures (36.5%) and low temperatures (36.8%).
Conclusion: There was a significant relation between the symptoms of GERD and weather and time of the day. Severe symptoms of GERD were found to be reported significantly at bedtime and in extreme weather conditions (high and low temperatures). The results were not affected by the demographic factors of the patients.

Key words: Weather, time, GERD, symptoms, Saudi community


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

AlHuzaim WM, AlDawas OD, AlFihaid AA, AlHazani ST, AlSoby AM, AlJarbuo FM, AlOraini MI. Does weather and time have any effect on gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms in a sample of the Saudi community?. IJMDC. 2024; 8(6): 1329-1335. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1702008790


Web Style

AlHuzaim WM, AlDawas OD, AlFihaid AA, AlHazani ST, AlSoby AM, AlJarbuo FM, AlOraini MI. Does weather and time have any effect on gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms in a sample of the Saudi community?. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=180449 [Access: July 14, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1702008790


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

AlHuzaim WM, AlDawas OD, AlFihaid AA, AlHazani ST, AlSoby AM, AlJarbuo FM, AlOraini MI. Does weather and time have any effect on gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms in a sample of the Saudi community?. IJMDC. 2024; 8(6): 1329-1335. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1702008790



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

AlHuzaim WM, AlDawas OD, AlFihaid AA, AlHazani ST, AlSoby AM, AlJarbuo FM, AlOraini MI. Does weather and time have any effect on gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms in a sample of the Saudi community?. IJMDC. (2024), [cited July 14, 2024]; 8(6): 1329-1335. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1702008790



Harvard Style

AlHuzaim, W. M., AlDawas, . O. D., AlFihaid, . A. A., AlHazani, . S. T., AlSoby, . A. M., AlJarbuo, . F. M. & AlOraini, . M. I. (2024) Does weather and time have any effect on gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms in a sample of the Saudi community?. IJMDC, 8 (6), 1329-1335. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1702008790



Turabian Style

AlHuzaim, Waleed Mohammed, Omar Dawas AlDawas, Abdullah Ahmad AlFihaid, Saud Turki AlHazani, Abdulelah Mohammed AlSoby, Faisal Musaed AlJarbuo, and Mohammed Ibrahim AlOraini. 2024. Does weather and time have any effect on gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms in a sample of the Saudi community?. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (6), 1329-1335. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1702008790



Chicago Style

AlHuzaim, Waleed Mohammed, Omar Dawas AlDawas, Abdullah Ahmad AlFihaid, Saud Turki AlHazani, Abdulelah Mohammed AlSoby, Faisal Musaed AlJarbuo, and Mohammed Ibrahim AlOraini. "Does weather and time have any effect on gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms in a sample of the Saudi community?." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8 (2024), 1329-1335. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1702008790



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

AlHuzaim, Waleed Mohammed, Omar Dawas AlDawas, Abdullah Ahmad AlFihaid, Saud Turki AlHazani, Abdulelah Mohammed AlSoby, Faisal Musaed AlJarbuo, and Mohammed Ibrahim AlOraini. "Does weather and time have any effect on gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms in a sample of the Saudi community?." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8.6 (2024), 1329-1335. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1702008790



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

AlHuzaim, W. M., AlDawas, . O. D., AlFihaid, . A. A., AlHazani, . S. T., AlSoby, . A. M., AlJarbuo, . F. M. & AlOraini, . M. I. (2024) Does weather and time have any effect on gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms in a sample of the Saudi community?. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (6), 1329-1335. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1702008790





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