E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Review Article

Online Publishing Date:
25 / 12 / 2023

 


Acute epistaxis management by hemostatic agents a systematic review

Ahmed Hadi Khurmi, Mohammed Faisal Alsamih, Khalid Abdulkareem Alhejji, Fatima Abduljabbar Al Hamoud, Eman Ali Obaidi, Fatima Malik Salat, Duaa Ahmad H. Al Jama, Ruba Esam Tashkandi, Turki Sulaiman Algannas, Abdulaziz Salamah T. Alanazi.


Abstract
Background: When compared to nasal packing, the data shows that hemostatic medications are more successful in controlling acute epistaxis. A comprehensive analysis was conducted to assess the effectiveness of topical hemostats in the treatment of epistaxis.
Method: Four databases were searched thoroughly for literature. Only admissible observational studies were included. Information retrieved from eight studies included the following: country, rate of short-term and 30-day hemostatic control, patient-reported outcome measures, adverse events, sample size, intervention, treating method, and length of stay in hospital.
Results: Eight papers were included in the review when it reached the second stage and satisfied the qualifying requirements. A total of 268 individuals were involved in three cohort and five case series investigations; 232 of them received absorbable intranasal medications. Two investigations on oxidized cellulose compounds and 5 studies on agents that promote the common coagulation pathway were presented. While oxidized regenerated cellulose was inserted endoscopically on the bleeding site in one trial and sutured to the nasal septum in another study, the earlier medicines were applied intranasally. Successful short-term hemostasis was attained in 80% to 100% of patients in 7 out of 8 trials. Patients treated with oxidized regenerated cellulose had considerably lower pain scores than those treated with nasal packing. There were no negative effects linked to the use of intranasal agents in any of the investigations.
Conclusion: When compared to nasal packing, the data shows that hemostatic medications are more successful in controlling acute epistaxis.

Key words: acute epistaxis, dissolvable homeostatic agents, homeostatic success.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Khurmi AH, Alsamih MF, Alhejji KA, Hamoud FAA, Obaidi EA, Salat FM, Jama DAHA, Tashkandi RE, Algannas TS, Alanazi AST. Acute epistaxis management by hemostatic agents a systematic review. IJMDC. 2024; 8(1): 460-465. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701700555


Web Style

Khurmi AH, Alsamih MF, Alhejji KA, Hamoud FAA, Obaidi EA, Salat FM, Jama DAHA, Tashkandi RE, Algannas TS, Alanazi AST. Acute epistaxis management by hemostatic agents a systematic review. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=179896 [Access: June 05, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701700555


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khurmi AH, Alsamih MF, Alhejji KA, Hamoud FAA, Obaidi EA, Salat FM, Jama DAHA, Tashkandi RE, Algannas TS, Alanazi AST. Acute epistaxis management by hemostatic agents a systematic review. IJMDC. 2024; 8(1): 460-465. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701700555



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khurmi AH, Alsamih MF, Alhejji KA, Hamoud FAA, Obaidi EA, Salat FM, Jama DAHA, Tashkandi RE, Algannas TS, Alanazi AST. Acute epistaxis management by hemostatic agents a systematic review. IJMDC. (2024), [cited June 05, 2024]; 8(1): 460-465. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701700555



Harvard Style

Khurmi, A. H., Alsamih, . M. F., Alhejji, . K. A., Hamoud, . F. A. A., Obaidi, . E. A., Salat, . F. M., Jama, . D. A. H. A., Tashkandi, . R. E., Algannas, . T. S. & Alanazi, . A. S. T. (2024) Acute epistaxis management by hemostatic agents a systematic review. IJMDC, 8 (1), 460-465. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701700555



Turabian Style

Khurmi, Ahmed Hadi, Mohammed Faisal Alsamih, Khalid Abdulkareem Alhejji, Fatima Abduljabbar Al Hamoud, Eman Ali Obaidi, Fatima Malik Salat, Duaa Ahmad H. Al Jama, Ruba Esam Tashkandi, Turki Sulaiman Algannas, and Abdulaziz Salamah T. Alanazi. 2024. Acute epistaxis management by hemostatic agents a systematic review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (1), 460-465. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701700555



Chicago Style

Khurmi, Ahmed Hadi, Mohammed Faisal Alsamih, Khalid Abdulkareem Alhejji, Fatima Abduljabbar Al Hamoud, Eman Ali Obaidi, Fatima Malik Salat, Duaa Ahmad H. Al Jama, Ruba Esam Tashkandi, Turki Sulaiman Algannas, and Abdulaziz Salamah T. Alanazi. "Acute epistaxis management by hemostatic agents a systematic review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8 (2024), 460-465. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701700555



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khurmi, Ahmed Hadi, Mohammed Faisal Alsamih, Khalid Abdulkareem Alhejji, Fatima Abduljabbar Al Hamoud, Eman Ali Obaidi, Fatima Malik Salat, Duaa Ahmad H. Al Jama, Ruba Esam Tashkandi, Turki Sulaiman Algannas, and Abdulaziz Salamah T. Alanazi. "Acute epistaxis management by hemostatic agents a systematic review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 8.1 (2024), 460-465. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701700555



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khurmi, A. H., Alsamih, . M. F., Alhejji, . K. A., Hamoud, . F. A. A., Obaidi, . E. A., Salat, . F. M., Jama, . D. A. H. A., Tashkandi, . R. E., Algannas, . T. S. & Alanazi, . A. S. T. (2024) Acute epistaxis management by hemostatic agents a systematic review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 8 (1), 460-465. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701700555





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