Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(4): 594-600

Prevalence of eye problems with online studies during COVID-19 period among university students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Ahmed Almanjoumi, Reham Alsmeri, Taif Bajaber, Neda Ahyaf, Rawaah Haneef, Lina Hikmet, Renad Aljuhani.

ABSTRACT

Background: Computer vision syndrome is a group of eye and vision problems associated with the prolonged use of digital devices and has become more prevalent in communities and especially among university students during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of eye disorders due to online studying during the COVID-19 pandemic. Also, to determine the effect of online studying on eye health and to evaluate the relation between long-standing hours in front of screens (such as laptops/iPads) and common eye problems. Methods: TA survey-based descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in 2021 in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. An online questionnaire was distributed randomly from July to September 2021, which consisted of three sections to collect information related to sociodemographic characteristics of the participants, ophthalmology and eye problems linked to online studying. Results: Out of total 204 participants, 76.5% were females. Mean age was 22.12 years with a standard deviation of 2.43. The results showed that the common ocular complaint among the participants was dryness of the eye (46.6%). There was a statistically significant relation between history of spectacle usage, history of contact lens usage, duration of usage, and refractive error (p-value = 0.000). Conclusion: It is preferable to take lectures at the University instead of studying online with regular precautionary measures. There should be extended resting break time between each lecture, and students should use a moisturizing eye drop to prevent the dryness of the eyes.

Keywords:
eye problems, COVID-19, online, cross-sectional, Saudi Arabia.


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Prevalence of eye problems with online studies during COVID-19 period among university students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Ahmed Almanjoumi
Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Department of Opthalmology, Fakeeh College of Medical Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Reham Alsmeri
College of Medicine, Umm Alqura University, Alqunfudhah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Taif Bajaber
College of Medicine, Fakeeh hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Neda Ahyaf
College of Medicine, Fakeeh hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rawaah Haneef
College of Medicine, Fakeeh hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Lina Hikmet
College of Medicine, Fakeeh hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Renad Aljuhani
Department of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Reham Salem Alsmeri, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Alqura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.; s2015reham@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 23 Nov 2021
Accepted 18 Jan 2022
Published online 18 Jan 2022
Published in print 03 Mar 2022

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Pubmed Style

Almanjoumi A, Alsmeri R, Bajaber T, Ahyaf N, Haneef R, Hikmet L, Aljuhani R. Prevalence of eye problems with online studies during COVID-19 period among university students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(4): 594-600. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1637523254


Web Style

Almanjoumi A, Alsmeri R, Bajaber T, Ahyaf N, Haneef R, Hikmet L, Aljuhani R. Prevalence of eye problems with online studies during COVID-19 period among university students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=17339 [Access: August 18, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1637523254


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Almanjoumi A, Alsmeri R, Bajaber T, Ahyaf N, Haneef R, Hikmet L, Aljuhani R. Prevalence of eye problems with online studies during COVID-19 period among university students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(4): 594-600. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1637523254


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Almanjoumi A, Alsmeri R, Bajaber T, Ahyaf N, Haneef R, Hikmet L, Aljuhani R. Prevalence of eye problems with online studies during COVID-19 period among university students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2022), [cited August 18, 2022]; 6(4): 594-600. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1637523254


Harvard Style

Almanjoumi, A., Alsmeri, . R., Bajaber, . T., Ahyaf, . N., Haneef, . R., Hikmet, . L. & Aljuhani, . R. (2022) Prevalence of eye problems with online studies during COVID-19 period among university students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 6 (4), 594-600. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1637523254


Turabian Style

Almanjoumi, Ahmed, Reham Alsmeri, Taif Bajaber, Neda Ahyaf, Rawaah Haneef, Lina Hikmet, and Renad Aljuhani. 2022. Prevalence of eye problems with online studies during COVID-19 period among university students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (4), 594-600. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1637523254


Chicago Style

Almanjoumi, Ahmed, Reham Alsmeri, Taif Bajaber, Neda Ahyaf, Rawaah Haneef, Lina Hikmet, and Renad Aljuhani. "Prevalence of eye problems with online studies during COVID-19 period among university students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 594-600. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1637523254


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Almanjoumi, Ahmed, Reham Alsmeri, Taif Bajaber, Neda Ahyaf, Rawaah Haneef, Lina Hikmet, and Renad Aljuhani. "Prevalence of eye problems with online studies during COVID-19 period among university students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.4 (2022), 594-600. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1637523254


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Almanjoumi, A., Alsmeri, . R., Bajaber, . T., Ahyaf, . N., Haneef, . R., Hikmet, . L. & Aljuhani, . R. (2022) Prevalence of eye problems with online studies during COVID-19 period among university students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (4), 594-600. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1637523254


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