Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 106-112

Breast cancer knowledge and barriers to screening among women in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Bayan Al-Ghadeer, Ahmad Al-Ghadeer, Shaima Aldoughan.

ABSTRACT

Background: Breast cancer (BC) is by far the most common neoplasm in females worldwide. According to the Saudi Cancer Registry 2014 report, BC represented 15.9% of all reported cancer cases among the Saudi population, with the highest incidence in the Eastern region. This study aimed to assess the level of knowledge about BC and to identify barriers to screening among females of Al-Ahsa region. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia, during April 2019 using a self-administered questionnaire. The questions were adopted from Breast-CAM and Modified Championís Health Belief Model based on the scope of the study. A total number of 390 responses were obtained (n = 390) using a convenience sampling technique. Frequencies and correlations were calculated using IBM Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 25. Relationships between different variables were tested for significance using a p-value of <0.05. Results: Out of the 390 studied women, 88.8% (347) had knowledge about BC warning signs, and 66.7% had knowledge about its risk factors. However, their knowledge was limited. Embarrassment was a significant barrier that prevented women from having mammography and clinical breast examination. Nevertheless, failing to remember to carry out the exam was the major barrier that prevented women from having breast self-examination. Conclusion: The level of knowledge about BC among women was good but insufficient, as some warning signs and risk factors were not identified by most participants. A further holistic approach should be followed when it comes to educating women in Al-Ahsa about BC.

Keywords:
Breast cancer, screening, awareness, prevention, barriers


View PDF
Breast cancer knowledge and barriers to screening among women in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Bayan Al-Ghadeer
Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins Aramco Healthcare, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ahmad Al-Ghadeer
Ibn Sina University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Shaima Aldoughan
King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Bayan Alghadeer, Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins Aramco Healthcare, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.; dr.bayanalghadeer@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 21 Nov 2020
Accepted 19 Dec 2020
Published online 02 Jan 2021
Published in print 11 Jan 2021

How to cite this article?

Export to EndNote Export to refMan

Pubmed Style

Al-Ghadeer B, Al-Ghadeer A, Aldoughan S. Breast cancer knowledge and barriers to screening among women in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 106-112. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605438509


Web Style

Al-Ghadeer B, Al-Ghadeer A, Aldoughan S. Breast cancer knowledge and barriers to screening among women in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=1595 [Access: February 25, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605438509


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Al-Ghadeer B, Al-Ghadeer A, Aldoughan S. Breast cancer knowledge and barriers to screening among women in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 106-112. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605438509


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Al-Ghadeer B, Al-Ghadeer A, Aldoughan S. Breast cancer knowledge and barriers to screening among women in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited February 25, 2021]; 5(1): 106-112. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605438509


Harvard Style

Al-Ghadeer, B., Al-Ghadeer, . A. & Aldoughan, . S. (2021) Breast cancer knowledge and barriers to screening among women in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (1), 106-112. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605438509


Turabian Style

Al-Ghadeer, Bayan, Ahmad Al-Ghadeer, and Shaima Aldoughan. 2021. Breast cancer knowledge and barriers to screening among women in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 106-112. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605438509


Chicago Style

Al-Ghadeer, Bayan, Ahmad Al-Ghadeer, and Shaima Aldoughan. "Breast cancer knowledge and barriers to screening among women in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 106-112. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605438509


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Al-Ghadeer, Bayan, Ahmad Al-Ghadeer, and Shaima Aldoughan. "Breast cancer knowledge and barriers to screening among women in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.1 (2021), 106-112. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605438509


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Al-Ghadeer, B., Al-Ghadeer, . A. & Aldoughan, . S. (2021) Breast cancer knowledge and barriers to screening among women in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 106-112. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1605438509


Share this article

Click the icon of the social media platform on which you would like to share this article.

Article Statistics

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any part or all of this article please contact the copyright holder, contact@ijmdc.com.

Copyright ©2021 Discover STM Publishing. All Rights Reserved.