E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Review Article 


Association of hypothyroidism with COVID-19 among adult patients: a systematic review

Fayeza Emadaldeen Aly Alam.

Abstract
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused considerable morbidity, mortality, and poor outcomes worldwide. Thyroid hormones play a vital role in modulating metabolism and the immune system. Therefore, this study aims to identify the association between COVID-19 and hypothyroidism. A literature review was conducted using PubMed for study selection till April 2023. Keywords “Hypothyroidism,” “COVID-19,” and “Hypothyroidism” AND “Coronavirus” were used for the research process. All relevant articles evaluating the association between COVID-19 and hypothyroidism among adults were included. Information regarding the prevalence of hypothyroidism in COVID-19 patients, the association between COVID-19 and hypothyroidism, and poor outcomes among COVID-19 patients with hypothyroidism was retrieved from the eligible articles. Out of 303 articles, 12 were qualified for the final results, including 68,983 COVID-19 patients. There was heterogeneity in the results of the included articles. This systematic review found that hypothyroidism is prevalent among COVID-19 patients. Hypothyroidism, including subclinical hypothyroidism, may be associated with COVID-19 severity and outcome. In addition, pre-existing hyperthyroidism may correlate with poor COVID-19 outcomes. More research is needed to calculate the prevalence of hypothyroidism among COVID-19 patients, fully understand the mechanisms underlying this association, and identify effective strategies for managing COVID-19 in individuals with hypothyroidism.

Key words: COVID-19, respiratory infections, hypothyroidism, thyroid dysfunction, systematic review.


 
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Pubmed Style

Fayeza Emadaldeen Aly Alam. Association of hypothyroidism with COVID-19 among adult patients: a systematic review. IJMDC. 2023; 7(10): 1395-1401. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1684319088


Web Style

Fayeza Emadaldeen Aly Alam. Association of hypothyroidism with COVID-19 among adult patients: a systematic review. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=153623 [Access: October 02, 2023]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1684319088


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Fayeza Emadaldeen Aly Alam. Association of hypothyroidism with COVID-19 among adult patients: a systematic review. IJMDC. 2023; 7(10): 1395-1401. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1684319088



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Fayeza Emadaldeen Aly Alam. Association of hypothyroidism with COVID-19 among adult patients: a systematic review. IJMDC. (2023), [cited October 02, 2023]; 7(10): 1395-1401. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1684319088



Harvard Style

Fayeza Emadaldeen Aly Alam (2023) Association of hypothyroidism with COVID-19 among adult patients: a systematic review. IJMDC, 7 (10), 1395-1401. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1684319088



Turabian Style

Fayeza Emadaldeen Aly Alam. 2023. Association of hypothyroidism with COVID-19 among adult patients: a systematic review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 7 (10), 1395-1401. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1684319088



Chicago Style

Fayeza Emadaldeen Aly Alam. "Association of hypothyroidism with COVID-19 among adult patients: a systematic review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 7 (2023), 1395-1401. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1684319088



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Fayeza Emadaldeen Aly Alam. "Association of hypothyroidism with COVID-19 among adult patients: a systematic review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 7.10 (2023), 1395-1401. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1684319088



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Fayeza Emadaldeen Aly Alam (2023) Association of hypothyroidism with COVID-19 among adult patients: a systematic review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 7 (10), 1395-1401. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1684319088





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