Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 29-36

The impact of bariatric surgery on the quality of life of obese individuals in Saudi Arabia

Authors: Khaled Alghamdi, Feras Aljohani, Ala Alrehaili, Ahmed Alhusayni, Turki Alrehaili, Omar Zayed.

ABSTRACT

Background: Obesity is a major health problem. It affects the mental and physical health, and leads to significant comorbidities like diabetes, stroke, hypertension, coronary heart disease, osteoarthritis, and obstructive sleep apnea. Thereby, this study aimed to measure the impact of bariatric interventions on different aspects of patientsí quality of life (QoL), including physical, mental, and social health, and other aspects. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among individuals who underwent bariatric surgery (BS) in Saudi Arabia. A validated questionnaire short form 36 was translated into Arabic and was used to assess the QoL of patients who underwent BS. Eligibility criteria included 14 years of age or above, a body mass index of more than or equal to 40 kg/m2, and surgery was done 6 months back or after. Results: The mean score of the overall QoL before surgery was 53.7, while after surgery was 75.6 (mean difference = 26.75). When the six domains of QoL were assessed before and after surgery, a significant improvement after surgery could be noted, specifically in the physical health functioning with 54.7-81.4 pre and post, respectively. This was followed by limitation of activities [55.7 (pre)-80.1 (post) (mean difference = 24.38)]. Conclusion: A significant improvement in the QoL was observed among obese individuals who underwent BS. Among the QoL domains, physical health functioning and limitation of activities were the most highly regarded with significant improvement.

Keywords:
Bariatric surgery (BS), Obesity, Quality of life (QoL), SF-36, BMI


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The impact of bariatric surgery on the quality of life of obese individuals in Saudi Arabia


Authors
Khaled Alghamdi
Consultant Pediatric complex/Palliative Care, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Feras Aljohani
Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ala Alrehaili
Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Ahmed Alhusayni
Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Turki Alrehaili
Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Omar Zayed
Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Khaled Alghamdi, Consultant Pediatric complex/Palliative Care, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia.; kpedia14@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 17 Oct 2020
Accepted 03 Nov 2020
Published online 15 Dec 2020
Published in print 11 Jan 2021

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Pubmed Style

Alghamdi K, Aljohani F, Alrehaili A, Alhusayni A, Alrehaili T, Zayed O. The impact of bariatric surgery on the quality of life of obese individuals in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 29-36. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602926149


Web Style

Alghamdi K, Aljohani F, Alrehaili A, Alhusayni A, Alrehaili T, Zayed O. The impact of bariatric surgery on the quality of life of obese individuals in Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=15216 [Access: February 25, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602926149


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alghamdi K, Aljohani F, Alrehaili A, Alhusayni A, Alrehaili T, Zayed O. The impact of bariatric surgery on the quality of life of obese individuals in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(1): 29-36. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602926149


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alghamdi K, Aljohani F, Alrehaili A, Alhusayni A, Alrehaili T, Zayed O. The impact of bariatric surgery on the quality of life of obese individuals in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited February 25, 2021]; 5(1): 29-36. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602926149


Harvard Style

Alghamdi, K., Aljohani, . F., Alrehaili, . A., Alhusayni, . A., Alrehaili, . T. & Zayed, . O. (2021) The impact of bariatric surgery on the quality of life of obese individuals in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (1), 29-36. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602926149


Turabian Style

Alghamdi, Khaled, Feras Aljohani, Ala Alrehaili, Ahmed Alhusayni, Turki Alrehaili, and Omar Zayed. 2021. The impact of bariatric surgery on the quality of life of obese individuals in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 29-36. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602926149


Chicago Style

Alghamdi, Khaled, Feras Aljohani, Ala Alrehaili, Ahmed Alhusayni, Turki Alrehaili, and Omar Zayed. "The impact of bariatric surgery on the quality of life of obese individuals in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 29-36. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602926149


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alghamdi, Khaled, Feras Aljohani, Ala Alrehaili, Ahmed Alhusayni, Turki Alrehaili, and Omar Zayed. "The impact of bariatric surgery on the quality of life of obese individuals in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.1 (2021), 29-36. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602926149


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alghamdi, K., Aljohani, . F., Alrehaili, . A., Alhusayni, . A., Alrehaili, . T. & Zayed, . O. (2021) The impact of bariatric surgery on the quality of life of obese individuals in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (1), 29-36. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1602926149


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