Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1893-1899

Text neck syndrome prevalence and knowledge among the Saudi population in Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

Authors: Yousef Ali Abdali, Ahmad Abubakr Sherwani, Ali Ahmed Alsharif, Abdulaziz Mohammed Kariri, Yahya Bahlul Yahya Khormi, Majid Jobran Lughbi, Mahmoud Mohammed Hassan.

ABSTRACT

Background: Text neck syndrome, known as repetitive stress pain, is an injury that results from extreme watching or texting on handheld devices for an extended period of time. The use of mobile phones is increasing rapidly, and people spend long hours on them that also leads to other musculoskeletal problems. This study aimed to identify the prevalence and knowledge of residents toward Text neck syndrome in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. Methods: This is a cross-sectional online survey among the Saudi population in Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The questionnaire contained socio-demographic information and questions to assess the awareness and prevalence of Text neck syndrome. Results: A total of 385 Jazan residents responded to this questionnaire. Among them, 50.1% were in the age group between 21 and 30 years, 61% used smartphones for more than 5 hours per day, 90.1% were aware of the harms of using smartphones, while only 14.8% had previously heard about Text neck syndrome. Among the participants, 47.2% agreed that it was multi-factorial. Although 1.6% of the participants were diagnosed with this syndrome, 80.5% of the responders had more than one symptom using smartphones. About 93% of the responders believed that they should reduce using smartphones because of their symptoms. The average knowledge score was 6.4 3.2, out of 15 points. Factors significantly correlated to high knowledge levels included age between 31 and 40 years (p-value = 0.023), higher educational level (p-value < 0.001), living in cities (p-value = 0.043), hearing previously about Text neck syndromes (p-value = 0.002), and being diagnosed with this syndrome (p-value = 0.013). Conclusion: Text neck syndrome is underdiagnosed in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. This can be due to the inadequate level of knowledge of the public about this syndrome.

Keywords:
Text neck syndrome, smartphones, neck pain, harms.


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Text neck syndrome prevalence and knowledge among the Saudi population in Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study


Authors
Yousef Ali Abdali
Medical intern, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ahmad Abubakr Sherwani
Medical intern, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ali Ahmed Alsharif
Medical intern, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulaziz Mohammed Kariri
Medical intern, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Yahya Bahlul Yahya Khormi
Medical intern, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Majid Jobran Lughbi
Medical intern, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mahmoud Mohammed Hassan
Lecturer of Orthopedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Yousef Ali Abdali, Medical intern, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.; yousef3abdali@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 29 Sep 2020
Accepted 08 Oct 2020
Published online 14 Oct 2020
Published in print 05 Nov 2020

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Pubmed Style

Abdali YA, Sherwani AA, Alsharif AA, Kariri AM, Khormi YBY, Lughbi MJ, Hassan MM. Text neck syndrome prevalence and knowledge among the Saudi population in Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1893-1899. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601384962


Web Style

Abdali YA, Sherwani AA, Alsharif AA, Kariri AM, Khormi YBY, Lughbi MJ, Hassan MM. Text neck syndrome prevalence and knowledge among the Saudi population in Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=138820 [Access: January 24, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601384962


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abdali YA, Sherwani AA, Alsharif AA, Kariri AM, Khormi YBY, Lughbi MJ, Hassan MM. Text neck syndrome prevalence and knowledge among the Saudi population in Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1893-1899. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601384962


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abdali YA, Sherwani AA, Alsharif AA, Kariri AM, Khormi YBY, Lughbi MJ, Hassan MM. Text neck syndrome prevalence and knowledge among the Saudi population in Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. (2020), [cited January 24, 2021]; 4(11): 1893-1899. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601384962


Harvard Style

Abdali, Y. A., Sherwani, . A. A., Alsharif, . A. A., Kariri, . A. M., Khormi, . Y. B. Y., Lughbi, . M. J. & Hassan, . M. M. (2020) Text neck syndrome prevalence and knowledge among the Saudi population in Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC, 4 (11), 1893-1899. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601384962


Turabian Style

Abdali, Yousef Ali, Ahmad Abubakr Sherwani, Ali Ahmed Alsharif, Abdulaziz Mohammed Kariri, Yahya Bahlul Yahya Khormi, Majid Jobran Lughbi, and Mahmoud Mohammed Hassan. 2020. Text neck syndrome prevalence and knowledge among the Saudi population in Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1893-1899. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601384962


Chicago Style

Abdali, Yousef Ali, Ahmad Abubakr Sherwani, Ali Ahmed Alsharif, Abdulaziz Mohammed Kariri, Yahya Bahlul Yahya Khormi, Majid Jobran Lughbi, and Mahmoud Mohammed Hassan. "Text neck syndrome prevalence and knowledge among the Saudi population in Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1893-1899. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601384962


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abdali, Yousef Ali, Ahmad Abubakr Sherwani, Ali Ahmed Alsharif, Abdulaziz Mohammed Kariri, Yahya Bahlul Yahya Khormi, Majid Jobran Lughbi, and Mahmoud Mohammed Hassan. "Text neck syndrome prevalence and knowledge among the Saudi population in Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.11 (2020), 1893-1899. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601384962


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abdali, Y. A., Sherwani, . A. A., Alsharif, . A. A., Kariri, . A. M., Khormi, . Y. B. Y., Lughbi, . M. J. & Hassan, . M. M. (2020) Text neck syndrome prevalence and knowledge among the Saudi population in Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1893-1899. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601384962


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