Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1823-1830

Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among women of reproductive age in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Samah Omar Alfahl, Reem Salamah Alrasheedi, Bashayr Saad Alhubayshi, Bothaina Saud Alrewaithi, Jood Mosallam Alhejaili, Aseel Khalaf Alharbi, Hadeel Tarek Alguhane.

ABSTRACT

Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a complex disorder with a group of symptoms that are found as a result of hormonal disturbance. It is one of the most common endocrinopathies, affecting about 5%-10% of women of reproductive age worldwide. The present study aimed at evaluating the awareness of PCOS among women of reproductive age in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, during the period from June 2018 to September 2019. The study targeted all women aged between 18 and 65 years. Data were collected using a web-based valid questionnaire conducted through social media. Results: The study included 753 adult females, with a mean age of 25.5 7.8 years. More than half (53.1%) were aware of PCOS. Most of them had adequate knowledge about the factors that minimize PCOS (97%), followed by symptoms (55%) and complications (51%). Approximately 80.5% of respondents knew that physical exercise reduces the risk of PCOS, and 77.3% recognized that weight reduction is an important factor to minimize the chances of developing PCOS. Regarding the participant's source of information, the most common source was the internet (43.2%), followed by the physicians (18.7%). Conclusion: Awareness and knowledge of PCOS among women in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah are acceptable; however, some aspects need to be improved through health education.

Keywords:
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, awareness, women health, reproductive-age women.


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Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among women of reproductive age in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Samah Omar Alfahl
Assistant professor of family medicine, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Reem Salamah Alrasheedi
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Bashayr Saad Alhubayshi
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Bothaina Saud Alrewaithi
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Jood Mosallam Alhejaili
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Aseel Khalaf Alharbi
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hadeel Tarek Alguhane
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia.; Dr.alfahl@live.com

Publication history
Received 25 Sep 2020
Accepted 15 Oct 2020
Published online 27 Oct 2020
Published in print 05 Nov 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alfahl SO, Alrasheedi RS, Alhubayshi BS, Alrewaithi BS, Alhejaili JM, Alharbi AK, Alguhane HT. Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among women of reproductive age in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1823-1830. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1600604624


Web Style

Alfahl SO, Alrasheedi RS, Alhubayshi BS, Alrewaithi BS, Alhejaili JM, Alharbi AK, Alguhane HT. Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among women of reproductive age in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=136556 [Access: January 24, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1600604624


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alfahl SO, Alrasheedi RS, Alhubayshi BS, Alrewaithi BS, Alhejaili JM, Alharbi AK, Alguhane HT. Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among women of reproductive age in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1823-1830. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1600604624


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alfahl SO, Alrasheedi RS, Alhubayshi BS, Alrewaithi BS, Alhejaili JM, Alharbi AK, Alguhane HT. Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among women of reproductive age in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited January 24, 2021]; 4(11): 1823-1830. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1600604624


Harvard Style

Alfahl, S. O., Alrasheedi, . R. S., Alhubayshi, . B. S., Alrewaithi, . B. S., Alhejaili, . J. M., Alharbi, . A. K. & Alguhane, . H. T. (2020) Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among women of reproductive age in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (11), 1823-1830. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1600604624


Turabian Style

Alfahl, Samah Omar, Reem Salamah Alrasheedi, Bashayr Saad Alhubayshi, Bothaina Saud Alrewaithi, Jood Mosallam Alhejaili, Aseel Khalaf Alharbi, and Hadeel Tarek Alguhane. 2020. Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among women of reproductive age in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1823-1830. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1600604624


Chicago Style

Alfahl, Samah Omar, Reem Salamah Alrasheedi, Bashayr Saad Alhubayshi, Bothaina Saud Alrewaithi, Jood Mosallam Alhejaili, Aseel Khalaf Alharbi, and Hadeel Tarek Alguhane. "Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among women of reproductive age in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1823-1830. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1600604624


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alfahl, Samah Omar, Reem Salamah Alrasheedi, Bashayr Saad Alhubayshi, Bothaina Saud Alrewaithi, Jood Mosallam Alhejaili, Aseel Khalaf Alharbi, and Hadeel Tarek Alguhane. "Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among women of reproductive age in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.11 (2020), 1823-1830. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1600604624


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alfahl, S. O., Alrasheedi, . R. S., Alhubayshi, . B. S., Alrewaithi, . B. S., Alhejaili, . J. M., Alharbi, . A. K. & Alguhane, . H. T. (2020) Awareness of polycystic ovarian syndrome among women of reproductive age in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1823-1830. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1600604624


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