Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(4): 579-585

Effect of quarantine among type 2 diabetes in Makkah population, Saudi Arabia, 2020

Authors: Sarab Alharthi, Hussa Alotibi, Khulud Boubsit, Rawan Zagzoog, Raghad Felemban, Samy Hammady, Ahmad Mufti.

ABSTRACT

Background: Home confinement that happened due to Coronavirus Disease 2019 pandemic had its effects on everyone, especially diabetic patients. The present study aimed to estimate the effect of quarantine among type 2 diabetes patients in Makkah population. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted from June to September 2020 in Makkah city of Saudi Arabia in partnership with Umm Alqura University. Information was collected using social media applications such as Twitter and WhatsApp, and all subjects who met the required criteria were included in the study. Results: A total of 373 participants were included. This research showed a significant variation between glucose reading before and during quarantine. Before the quarantine, 173 patients (46.4%) had high glucose readings (p-value = 0.001) compared to 151 participants (40.5%) with high glucose readings (p-value = 0.001) during the pandemic. This applies to fasting blood glucose and postprandial blood glucose measurements as well. Conclusion: Blood glucose monitoring is a major issue that was demonstrated between diabetic patients before and during the pandemic. Patients need to be more educated and aware about the importance of monitoring glucose level, and to know the importance of keeping their glucose under control in order to avoid complications of the disease.

Keywords:
Type 2 diabetes, COVID-19, Pandemic, Physical activity, Lifestyle, Lockdown


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Effect of quarantine among type 2 diabetes in Makkah population, Saudi Arabia, 2020


Authors
Sarab Alharthi
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hussa Alotibi
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Khulud Boubsit
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rawan Zagzoog
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Raghad Felemban
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Samy Hammady
Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ahmad Mufti
Medical Genetics Department, Faculty of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Ahmad Mufti, Medical Genetics Department, Faculty Of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.; mufti-ahmad@

Publication history
Received 24 Oct 2021
Accepted 16 Feb 2022
Published online 01 Mar 2022
Published in print 03 Mar 2022

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Pubmed Style

Alharthi S, Alotibi H, Boubsit K, Zagzoog R, Felemban R, Hammady S, Mufti A. Effect of quarantine among type 2 diabetes in Makkah population, Saudi Arabia, 2020. IJMDC. 2022; 6(4): 579-585. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1634901702


Web Style

Alharthi S, Alotibi H, Boubsit K, Zagzoog R, Felemban R, Hammady S, Mufti A. Effect of quarantine among type 2 diabetes in Makkah population, Saudi Arabia, 2020. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=135039 [Access: August 18, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1634901702


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alharthi S, Alotibi H, Boubsit K, Zagzoog R, Felemban R, Hammady S, Mufti A. Effect of quarantine among type 2 diabetes in Makkah population, Saudi Arabia, 2020. IJMDC. 2022; 6(4): 579-585. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1634901702


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alharthi S, Alotibi H, Boubsit K, Zagzoog R, Felemban R, Hammady S, Mufti A. Effect of quarantine among type 2 diabetes in Makkah population, Saudi Arabia, 2020. IJMDC. (2022), [cited August 18, 2022]; 6(4): 579-585. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1634901702


Harvard Style

Alharthi, S., Alotibi, . H., Boubsit, . K., Zagzoog, . R., Felemban, . R., Hammady, . S. & Mufti, . A. (2022) Effect of quarantine among type 2 diabetes in Makkah population, Saudi Arabia, 2020. IJMDC, 6 (4), 579-585. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1634901702


Turabian Style

Alharthi, Sarab, Hussa Alotibi, Khulud Boubsit, Rawan Zagzoog, Raghad Felemban, Samy Hammady, and Ahmad Mufti. 2022. Effect of quarantine among type 2 diabetes in Makkah population, Saudi Arabia, 2020. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (4), 579-585. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1634901702


Chicago Style

Alharthi, Sarab, Hussa Alotibi, Khulud Boubsit, Rawan Zagzoog, Raghad Felemban, Samy Hammady, and Ahmad Mufti. "Effect of quarantine among type 2 diabetes in Makkah population, Saudi Arabia, 2020." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 579-585. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1634901702


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alharthi, Sarab, Hussa Alotibi, Khulud Boubsit, Rawan Zagzoog, Raghad Felemban, Samy Hammady, and Ahmad Mufti. "Effect of quarantine among type 2 diabetes in Makkah population, Saudi Arabia, 2020." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.4 (2022), 579-585. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1634901702


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alharthi, S., Alotibi, . H., Boubsit, . K., Zagzoog, . R., Felemban, . R., Hammady, . S. & Mufti, . A. (2022) Effect of quarantine among type 2 diabetes in Makkah population, Saudi Arabia, 2020. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (4), 579-585. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1634901702


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