Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1792-1796

Adenoid hypertrophy in adults: causes and precipitating factors

Authors: Talal Althobaiti, Wael Ali Hadaidi, Ahmad Saeed A. Alghamdi, Khaled Fahad J. Alghashmari, Abdulrahman Ali Hadaidi, Tamer Mohamed Abd-Elrahman.

ABSTRACT

Background: Adenoid hypertrophy (AH) is suspected in case of nasal obstruction. Recurrent acute infections and allergic episodes are reported as the most common causes of adenoid hypertrophy. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence, symptoms, and possible causes of adenoid hypertrophy in adults. Methodology: A retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out in the Armed Forces Hospitals, Taif region, Saudi Arabia, during the period from February 2016 to February 2020. All the cases of adenoid hypertrophy diagnosed with nasal obstruction as the chief complaint and patients planned for tonsillectomy were included in this study. Results: Forty-six adult patients were diagnosed with adenoid hypertrophy: 32 in group A (patientís complaint with nasal obstruction) and 14 in group B (patients planned for tonsillectomy); 33 were male and 13 were female. The most commonly involved age group was 17-26 years (65%). The most presenting symptoms were nasal obstruction (100%), snoring (86.9%), and post-nasal discharge (71.7%). The commonest predisposing factor for adenoid hypertrophy was allergic rhinitis (39.1%). Twenty-five cases (54.4%) had associated nasal polyps, while five cases (10.9%) had adenoid hypertrophy along with inferior turbinate hypertrophy. Conclusion: Adenoid hypertrophy in adults has an increasing incidence nowadays because of chronic infection, allergy, and pollutions. All patients presented with nasal obstruction and other rhinological symptoms, which should be evaluated for adenoid hypertrophy.

Keywords:
Adenoid Hypertrophy, Adults, Naso-pharynx,Rhinological conditions, Allergy, Nasal Obstruction.


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Adenoid hypertrophy in adults: causes and precipitating factors


Authors
Talal Althobaiti
ENT Department, Prince Mansour Military Hospital, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Wael Ali Hadaidi
Colleges of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Ahmad Saeed A Alghamdi
Colleges of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Khaled Fahad J Alghashmari
Colleges of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulrahman Ali Hadaidi
Emergency Department, Prince Sultan Military Hospital, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Tamer Mohamed Abd-Elrahman
Surgery Department, College of Medicine, Taif University, Saudi Arabia, Saudi Arabia Surgery Department, Benha Teaching Hospital, General Organization of Teaching Hospital and Institutes, Egypt.
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Correspondence to:
. Tamer Mohamed Abd-Elrahman, Surgery Department, College of Medicine, Taif University, Saudi Arabia, Saudi Arabia Surgery Department, Benha Teaching Hospital, General Organization of Teaching Hospital and Institutes, Egypt.; drtamer17@gmail.co

Publication history
Received 10 Sep 2020
Accepted 11 Oct 2020
Published online 19 Oct 2020
Published in print 05 Nov 2020

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Pubmed Style

Althobaiti T, Hadaidi WA, Alghamdi ASA, Alghashmari KFJ, Hadaidi AA, Abd-Elrahman TM. Adenoid hypertrophy in adults: causes and precipitating factors. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1792-1796. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599758714


Web Style

Althobaiti T, Hadaidi WA, Alghamdi ASA, Alghashmari KFJ, Hadaidi AA, Abd-Elrahman TM. Adenoid hypertrophy in adults: causes and precipitating factors. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=133885 [Access: January 27, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599758714


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Althobaiti T, Hadaidi WA, Alghamdi ASA, Alghashmari KFJ, Hadaidi AA, Abd-Elrahman TM. Adenoid hypertrophy in adults: causes and precipitating factors. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1792-1796. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599758714


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Althobaiti T, Hadaidi WA, Alghamdi ASA, Alghashmari KFJ, Hadaidi AA, Abd-Elrahman TM. Adenoid hypertrophy in adults: causes and precipitating factors. IJMDC. (2020), [cited January 27, 2021]; 4(11): 1792-1796. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599758714


Harvard Style

Althobaiti, T., Hadaidi, . W. A., Alghamdi, . A. S. A., Alghashmari, . K. F. J., Hadaidi, . A. A. & Abd-Elrahman, . T. M. (2020) Adenoid hypertrophy in adults: causes and precipitating factors. IJMDC, 4 (11), 1792-1796. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599758714


Turabian Style

Althobaiti, Talal, Wael Ali Hadaidi, Ahmad Saeed A. Alghamdi, Khaled Fahad J. Alghashmari, Abdulrahman Ali Hadaidi, and Tamer Mohamed Abd-Elrahman. 2020. Adenoid hypertrophy in adults: causes and precipitating factors. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1792-1796. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599758714


Chicago Style

Althobaiti, Talal, Wael Ali Hadaidi, Ahmad Saeed A. Alghamdi, Khaled Fahad J. Alghashmari, Abdulrahman Ali Hadaidi, and Tamer Mohamed Abd-Elrahman. "Adenoid hypertrophy in adults: causes and precipitating factors." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1792-1796. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599758714


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Althobaiti, Talal, Wael Ali Hadaidi, Ahmad Saeed A. Alghamdi, Khaled Fahad J. Alghashmari, Abdulrahman Ali Hadaidi, and Tamer Mohamed Abd-Elrahman. "Adenoid hypertrophy in adults: causes and precipitating factors." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.11 (2020), 1792-1796. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599758714


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Althobaiti, T., Hadaidi, . W. A., Alghamdi, . A. S. A., Alghashmari, . K. F. J., Hadaidi, . A. A. & Abd-Elrahman, . T. M. (2020) Adenoid hypertrophy in adults: causes and precipitating factors. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1792-1796. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599758714


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