Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1782-1791

Knowledge and attitude of the Saudi population toward the National Premarital Screening and Genetic Counseling Program

Authors: May AlMoshary.

ABSTRACT

Background: Premarital screening (PMS) has a crucial role in the prediction of genetic disorders in children and the early detection of sexually transmitted diseases worldwide. This study aimed to evaluate the level of knowledge and attitude of the general population in Saudi Arabia toward the National PMS and Genetic Counseling Program and the affecting factors. Methodology: A cross-sectional, observational study was conducted using a self-administered designed questionnaire that was disseminated online through Google Forms. All Saudi citizens and residents in all regions of Saudi Arabia who were older than 18 years of age were considered eligible to participate. The IBM Statistical Package for the Social Science (IBM Corp, Armonk, NY) was used to perform all statistical calculations, version 21 for Microsoft Windows. Results: A total of 815 participants responded to the questionnaire and were included in the analysis. Factors found to influence the level of knowledge of participants significantly included the level of education (p < 0.001), occupation (p < 0.001), monthly income (p = 0.002), and being examined previously (p = 0.014). Conclusion: Knowledge and attitude of the Saudi population toward PMS and genetic counseling need to be improved through national awareness programs. Further studies are required to investigate the importance of including other genetic screening tests in the premarital examination. Furthermore, we highly recommend paying more attention toward the neonatal screening program through the continuous evaluation and improvement of its efficiency and raiding the public awareness about its importance.

Keywords:
Premarital screening, genetic counseling, consanguinity, consanguineous couples, Saudi Arabia


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Knowledge and attitude of the Saudi population toward the National Premarital Screening and Genetic Counseling Program


Authors
May AlMoshary
Basic Science Department, College of Medicine, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Hematology Transfusion Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. May AlMoshary, Basic Science Department, College of Medicine, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Hematology Transfusion Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; hemmai2020@yahoo.com

Publication history
Received 08 Sep 2020
Accepted 24 Sep 2020
Published online 23 Oct 2020
Published in print 05 Nov 2020

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Pubmed Style

May AlMoshary. Knowledge and attitude of the Saudi population toward the National Premarital Screening and Genetic Counseling Program. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1782-1791. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599577846


Web Style

May AlMoshary. Knowledge and attitude of the Saudi population toward the National Premarital Screening and Genetic Counseling Program. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=132924 [Access: January 24, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599577846


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

May AlMoshary. Knowledge and attitude of the Saudi population toward the National Premarital Screening and Genetic Counseling Program. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1782-1791. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599577846


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

May AlMoshary. Knowledge and attitude of the Saudi population toward the National Premarital Screening and Genetic Counseling Program. IJMDC. (2020), [cited January 24, 2021]; 4(11): 1782-1791. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599577846


Harvard Style

May AlMoshary (2020) Knowledge and attitude of the Saudi population toward the National Premarital Screening and Genetic Counseling Program. IJMDC, 4 (11), 1782-1791. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599577846


Turabian Style

May AlMoshary. 2020. Knowledge and attitude of the Saudi population toward the National Premarital Screening and Genetic Counseling Program. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1782-1791. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599577846


Chicago Style

May AlMoshary. "Knowledge and attitude of the Saudi population toward the National Premarital Screening and Genetic Counseling Program." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1782-1791. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599577846


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

May AlMoshary. "Knowledge and attitude of the Saudi population toward the National Premarital Screening and Genetic Counseling Program." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.11 (2020), 1782-1791. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599577846


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

May AlMoshary (2020) Knowledge and attitude of the Saudi population toward the National Premarital Screening and Genetic Counseling Program. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1782-1791. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1599577846


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