Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1771-1776

Awareness about breastfeeding and breast cancer risk reduction among Saudi females

Authors: Mohammad Eid Mahmoud Mahfouz, Nojood Abdullatif Althomali, Qasem Muidh Alharthi, Eid Hussein Alshahrani, Afnan Khalid Mohammed Sibyani, Ameerah Saleh Bajaber.

ABSTRACT

Background: Globally, breast cancer is the most frequent type of cancer among women. After lung cancer, it is the second cause of mortality. While breast cancer is growing at an alarming pace, this study measured women's knowledge in Saudi Arabia about its risk factors, preventive factors, symptoms, and advantage of breastfeeding. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out among females of the General Community in Saudi Arabia during the period between June 2019 and June 2020. Data were collected electronically, and a paperbased form was used for illiterate participants. Results: A randomly selected sample of 1,021 Saudi female participants was included in this study. The age ranged from 20 to 30 years old, married, and from the western region. Less awareness of the risk factors was seen in the study; the highest correct responses were for benign breast tumors history (68.5%), oral contraceptive (70.9%), and obesity (74.7%). A higher tendency toward knowledge of preventive factors was found. Eight-hundred and thirteen (79.6%) agreed to breastfeed as a preventive factor. For breast cancer symptoms, the highest incorrect response was for breast lumps as one of the symptoms (18.5%). Conclusion: The level of breast cancer knowledge of risk factors was moderately good and was higher for preventive factors and symptoms in Saudi women.

Keywords:
Breast cancer, Breast cancer risk factors, Breastfeeding, inverted nipple, Breast lump


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Awareness about breastfeeding and breast cancer risk reduction among Saudi females


Authors
Mohammad Eid Mahmoud Mahfouz
Associate Professor, Surgery, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Nojood Abdullatif Althomali
Medical intern, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Qasem Muidh Alharthi
Resident, General Surgery, King Faisal Medical Complex, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Eid Hussein Alshahrani
Medical Intern, University of Bisha, Bisha, Saudi Arabia
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Afnan Khalid Mohammed Sibyani
Medical intern, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Ameerah Saleh Bajaber
Medical intern, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Nojood Abdullatif Althomali, Medical Intern, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia.; Nojood-1417@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 31 Aug 2020
Accepted 20 Sep 2020
Published online 23 Oct 2020
Published in print 05 Nov 2020

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Pubmed Style

Mahfouz MEM, Althomali NA, Alharthi QM, Alshahrani EH, Sibyani AKM, Bajaber AS. Awareness about breastfeeding and breast cancer risk reduction among Saudi females. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1771-1776. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598850085


Web Style

Mahfouz MEM, Althomali NA, Alharthi QM, Alshahrani EH, Sibyani AKM, Bajaber AS. Awareness about breastfeeding and breast cancer risk reduction among Saudi females. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=130254 [Access: January 24, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598850085


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mahfouz MEM, Althomali NA, Alharthi QM, Alshahrani EH, Sibyani AKM, Bajaber AS. Awareness about breastfeeding and breast cancer risk reduction among Saudi females. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1771-1776. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598850085


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mahfouz MEM, Althomali NA, Alharthi QM, Alshahrani EH, Sibyani AKM, Bajaber AS. Awareness about breastfeeding and breast cancer risk reduction among Saudi females. IJMDC. (2020), [cited January 24, 2021]; 4(11): 1771-1776. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598850085


Harvard Style

Mahfouz, M. E. M., Althomali, . N. A., Alharthi, . Q. M., Alshahrani, . E. H., Sibyani, . A. K. M. & Bajaber, . A. S. (2020) Awareness about breastfeeding and breast cancer risk reduction among Saudi females. IJMDC, 4 (11), 1771-1776. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598850085


Turabian Style

Mahfouz, Mohammad Eid Mahmoud, Nojood Abdullatif Althomali, Qasem Muidh Alharthi, Eid Hussein Alshahrani, Afnan Khalid Mohammed Sibyani, and Ameerah Saleh Bajaber. 2020. Awareness about breastfeeding and breast cancer risk reduction among Saudi females. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1771-1776. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598850085


Chicago Style

Mahfouz, Mohammad Eid Mahmoud, Nojood Abdullatif Althomali, Qasem Muidh Alharthi, Eid Hussein Alshahrani, Afnan Khalid Mohammed Sibyani, and Ameerah Saleh Bajaber. "Awareness about breastfeeding and breast cancer risk reduction among Saudi females." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1771-1776. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598850085


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mahfouz, Mohammad Eid Mahmoud, Nojood Abdullatif Althomali, Qasem Muidh Alharthi, Eid Hussein Alshahrani, Afnan Khalid Mohammed Sibyani, and Ameerah Saleh Bajaber. "Awareness about breastfeeding and breast cancer risk reduction among Saudi females." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.11 (2020), 1771-1776. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598850085


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mahfouz, M. E. M., Althomali, . N. A., Alharthi, . Q. M., Alshahrani, . E. H., Sibyani, . A. K. M. & Bajaber, . A. S. (2020) Awareness about breastfeeding and breast cancer risk reduction among Saudi females. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1771-1776. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598850085


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