IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1984-1992

Risk factors related to surgical site infections among surgical patients in developing world: a systematic review

Authors: Faihan Nasser Alotaibi, Faisal Mohammed Alnemari, Alwaleed Khalid Alsufyani, Aisha Mohammad Al-sanea, Abeer Hamad Al-Nashri, Huda Owaid Alanazi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) is the one of the most commonly investigated health care-related infections in the developing countries. The acuteness of SSI varies from superficial skin infections to threatening life hazards such as acute sepsis. SSIs lead to the rise in morbidity, mortality, and economic load accompanied with operation. This systematic review evaluated the burden and linked the risk factors to SSI among surgical patients in developing world. Methodology: A comprehensive literature review was done to explore PubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE during the time interval of 2010-2019. The incidence of Staphylococcus aureus in the overall SSI and S. aureus SSI was maximum in tumor-related and transplantation operations. Results: Intermediate time till SSI onset was 17 days, with extended time to onset for orthopedic and transplant operations. Hazards that were set as a correlating SSI complication were old age, risk index, cases frailty, and operational complexity. Thirteen studies believed that diabetes was a risk factor in a multivariable investigation; 85% reported a significant correlation with SSI, with odds ratios ranging between 1.5 and 24.3. Longer surgical operations were accompanied by an enhanced risk of SSI, with an average odds ratio of 2.3 in 11 studies concluding significant outcomes. Conclusion: In a wide investigation of the literature, the risk factors for SSI were accompanied by decreased fitness, patient frailty, surgical period, and complications. The discrimination of the risk factors normally connected to SSI helps in the recognition of such cases with optimum protective measurements, specifically regulating pre-treatment pre-surgery lipids, and pressure of the blood within 12 months.

Keywords:
Risk factors, surgical site infections, surgical patients, developing world


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Risk factors related to surgical site infections among surgical patients in developing world: a systematic review


Authors
Faihan Nasser Alotaibi
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Faisal Mohammed Alnemari
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Alwaleed Khalid Alsufyani
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Aisha Mohammad Al-sanea
College of Medicine, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abeer Hamad Al-Nashri
College of Medicine, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Huda Owaid Alanazi
College of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Faihan Alotaibi, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia.; Faihan.n.a@outlook.com

Publication history
Received 28 Aug 2020
Accepted 09 Sep 2020
Published online 17 Oct 2020
Published in print 05 Nov 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alotaibi FN, Alnemari FM, Alsufyani AK, Al-sanea AM, Al-Nashri AH, Alanazi HO. Risk factors related to surgical site infections among surgical patients in developing world: a systematic review. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1984-1992. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598614458


Web Style

Alotaibi FN, Alnemari FM, Alsufyani AK, Al-sanea AM, Al-Nashri AH, Alanazi HO. Risk factors related to surgical site infections among surgical patients in developing world: a systematic review. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=129465 [Access: March 01, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598614458


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alotaibi FN, Alnemari FM, Alsufyani AK, Al-sanea AM, Al-Nashri AH, Alanazi HO. Risk factors related to surgical site infections among surgical patients in developing world: a systematic review. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1984-1992. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598614458


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alotaibi FN, Alnemari FM, Alsufyani AK, Al-sanea AM, Al-Nashri AH, Alanazi HO. Risk factors related to surgical site infections among surgical patients in developing world: a systematic review. IJMDC. (2020), [cited March 01, 2021]; 4(11): 1984-1992. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598614458


Harvard Style

Alotaibi, F. N., Alnemari, . F. M., Alsufyani, . A. K., Al-sanea, . A. M., Al-Nashri, . A. H. & Alanazi, . H. O. (2020) Risk factors related to surgical site infections among surgical patients in developing world: a systematic review. IJMDC, 4 (11), 1984-1992. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598614458


Turabian Style

Alotaibi, Faihan Nasser, Faisal Mohammed Alnemari, Alwaleed Khalid Alsufyani, Aisha Mohammad Al-sanea, Abeer Hamad Al-Nashri, and Huda Owaid Alanazi. 2020. Risk factors related to surgical site infections among surgical patients in developing world: a systematic review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1984-1992. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598614458


Chicago Style

Alotaibi, Faihan Nasser, Faisal Mohammed Alnemari, Alwaleed Khalid Alsufyani, Aisha Mohammad Al-sanea, Abeer Hamad Al-Nashri, and Huda Owaid Alanazi. "Risk factors related to surgical site infections among surgical patients in developing world: a systematic review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1984-1992. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598614458


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alotaibi, Faihan Nasser, Faisal Mohammed Alnemari, Alwaleed Khalid Alsufyani, Aisha Mohammad Al-sanea, Abeer Hamad Al-Nashri, and Huda Owaid Alanazi. "Risk factors related to surgical site infections among surgical patients in developing world: a systematic review." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.11 (2020), 1984-1992. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598614458


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alotaibi, F. N., Alnemari, . F. M., Alsufyani, . A. K., Al-sanea, . A. M., Al-Nashri, . A. H. & Alanazi, . H. O. (2020) Risk factors related to surgical site infections among surgical patients in developing world: a systematic review. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1984-1992. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1598614458


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