Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(6): 842-848

Prevalence of stroke among menopausal females of Taif city, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Ola Ahmed Shawqy Erfan, Raghad Khalid Alsherbi, Mashael Eidhah Alsufyani, Hanun Mohammed Aljuaid, Rawan Mazyad Alharthi, Nawal Dhaif Allah Alzahrani.

ABSTRACT

Background: Women have a higher risk of developing stroke, more chance to have a recurrent stroke, and severe stroke. The association between stroke and menopause is more likely due to sex hormones. The current study aimed to assess the prevalence of stroke among menopausal females in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional online survey study was conducted involving 303 menopausal females. A predesigned questionnaire was used to collect data about the participants’ demographic characteristics, their medicalhistory, practicing physical activity, and onset and details on the complication of stroke. Data were analyzed in percentages, and chi-squared test (χ2) was applied to test the relationship between variables. Qualitative data were expressed as mean and standard deviation, and the Mann-Whitney test was applied for non-parametric variables. A p-value was considered to be significant if <0.05. Results: Among the studied subjects, females (4%) had a history of stroke, and 50% reported their inability to eat independently after stroke, while 83.3% reported their inability to dress, groom, transfer from bed to chair, and walk independently. Participants with a history of hypertension, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, and high cholesterol levels had a significantly higher stroke prevalence than others. A non-significant difference was found between stroke prevalence and the presence of a history of atrial fibrillation, smoking, having hormone replacement therapy, practicing physical activity, and sitting time/ day >6 hours. Conclusion: This study found a prevalence of stroke of 4% among the studied Saudi females. The study calls for the implementation of effective health education programs about methods of prevention and risk factors of stroke.

Keywords:
Prevalence, stroke, menopausal, females, Taif, Saudi.


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Prevalence of stroke among menopausal females of Taif city, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Ola Ahmed Shawqy Erfan
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Neurology, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Raghad Khalid Alsherbi
Medical Student, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Mashael Eidhah Alsufyani
Medical Student, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Hanun Mohammed Aljuaid
Medical Student, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rawan Mazyad Alharthi
Medical Student, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
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Nawal Dhaif Allah Alzahrani
Medical Student, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Medical student, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia.; Raghad.Alsherbi98@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 19 Mar 2022
Accepted 02 Apr 2022
Published online 25 Apr 2022
Published in print 04 Jun 2022

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Pubmed Style

Erfan OAS, Alsherbi RK, Alsufyani ME, Aljuaid HM, Alharthi RM, Alzahrani NDA. Prevalence of stroke among menopausal females of Taif city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(6): 842-848. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1647656078


Web Style

Erfan OAS, Alsherbi RK, Alsufyani ME, Aljuaid HM, Alharthi RM, Alzahrani NDA. Prevalence of stroke among menopausal females of Taif city, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=103377 [Access: August 18, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1647656078


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Erfan OAS, Alsherbi RK, Alsufyani ME, Aljuaid HM, Alharthi RM, Alzahrani NDA. Prevalence of stroke among menopausal females of Taif city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(6): 842-848. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1647656078


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Erfan OAS, Alsherbi RK, Alsufyani ME, Aljuaid HM, Alharthi RM, Alzahrani NDA. Prevalence of stroke among menopausal females of Taif city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2022), [cited August 18, 2022]; 6(6): 842-848. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1647656078


Harvard Style

Erfan, O. A. S., Alsherbi, . R. K., Alsufyani, . M. E., Aljuaid, . H. M., Alharthi, . R. M. & Alzahrani, . N. D. A. (2022) Prevalence of stroke among menopausal females of Taif city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 6 (6), 842-848. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1647656078


Turabian Style

Erfan, Ola Ahmed Shawqy, Raghad Khalid Alsherbi, Mashael Eidhah Alsufyani, Hanun Mohammed Aljuaid, Rawan Mazyad Alharthi, and Nawal Dhaif Allah Alzahrani. 2022. Prevalence of stroke among menopausal females of Taif city, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (6), 842-848. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1647656078


Chicago Style

Erfan, Ola Ahmed Shawqy, Raghad Khalid Alsherbi, Mashael Eidhah Alsufyani, Hanun Mohammed Aljuaid, Rawan Mazyad Alharthi, and Nawal Dhaif Allah Alzahrani. "Prevalence of stroke among menopausal females of Taif city, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 842-848. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1647656078


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Erfan, Ola Ahmed Shawqy, Raghad Khalid Alsherbi, Mashael Eidhah Alsufyani, Hanun Mohammed Aljuaid, Rawan Mazyad Alharthi, and Nawal Dhaif Allah Alzahrani. "Prevalence of stroke among menopausal females of Taif city, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.6 (2022), 842-848. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1647656078


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Erfan, O. A. S., Alsherbi, . R. K., Alsufyani, . M. E., Aljuaid, . H. M., Alharthi, . R. M. & Alzahrani, . N. D. A. (2022) Prevalence of stroke among menopausal females of Taif city, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (6), 842-848. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1647656078


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