Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(6): 831-841

Diabetic retinopathy among type I diabetic pregnant females; multi-disciplinary current practice and guidelines

Authors: Abdulrahman Ghurmullah Almalki, Esra Adel Alkhader, Anwar Mohammed Ali Al-zahrani, Shadi Abdulhamid Alghamdi, Abdulhamid Al-Ghamdi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Pregnancy was regarded as an independent risk factor for progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR) among patients with type I diabetes mellitus (DM). The risk of progression can extend beyond pregnancy by up to 12 months. This study aimed to assess the practicing physician’s knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding pregnant women with type I DM in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed using anonymous online self-administered questionnaire which included the participants demographics, knowledge, and practice toward type I diabetic females during pregnancy. Data were analysed using chi-squared test (χ2), Mann-Whitney and Kruskal Wallis tests. Results: A total of 310 physicians responded. Poor, fair, and good knowledge about DR among type I diabetic pregnant females were 1.6%, 85.8%, and 12.6%, respectively, 1%, 18.7%, and 80.3% had poor, fair and good attitude, respectively, and 15.2%, 60.6%, and 24.2% had poor, fair, and good practice. Participants whose had previous training course for care of type I diabetes in pregnant women, who were following guidelines for care of type I diabetes in pregnant women in daily practice had a significant higher good knowledge (p ≤ 0.05). Participants with 5-10 years of experience and endocrinologists had a significant positive attitude (p ≤ 0.05). Participants with >15 years of practice, family physicians and following guidelines for care of type I diabetes in pregnant women in daily had a significant higher good practice (p ≤ 0.05). Conclusion: The doubled risk of DR progression mandate comprehensive multidisciplinary health care guidelines and periodic training.

Keywords:
Diabetic retinopathy, type I diabetes mellitus, Saudi Arabia, pregnancy


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Diabetic retinopathy among type I diabetic pregnant females; multi-disciplinary current practice and guidelines


Authors
Abdulrahman Ghurmullah Almalki
Family Medicine Consultant, Family and Community Medicine Department, College of Medicine, Taif University, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Esra Adel Alkhader
Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Anwar Mohammed Ali Al-zahrani
Faculty of Medicine, Al Baha University, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Shadi Abdulhamid Alghamdi
Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, College of Medicine, Taif University, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulhamid Al-Ghamdi
Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Taif University, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Family Medicine Consultant, Family and Community Medicine Department, College of Medicine, Taif University, Saudi Arabia.; ag.almalki@tu.edu.sa

Publication history
Received 19 Mar 2022
Accepted 26 Apr 2022
Published online 16 May 2022
Published in print 04 Jun 2022

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Pubmed Style

Almalki AG, Alkhader EA, Al-zahrani AMA, Alghamdi SA, Al-Ghamdi A. Diabetic retinopathy among type I diabetic pregnant females; multi-disciplinary current practice and guidelines. IJMDC. 2022; 6(6): 831-841. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1647514940


Web Style

Almalki AG, Alkhader EA, Al-zahrani AMA, Alghamdi SA, Al-Ghamdi A. Diabetic retinopathy among type I diabetic pregnant females; multi-disciplinary current practice and guidelines. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=102861 [Access: August 18, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1647514940


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Almalki AG, Alkhader EA, Al-zahrani AMA, Alghamdi SA, Al-Ghamdi A. Diabetic retinopathy among type I diabetic pregnant females; multi-disciplinary current practice and guidelines. IJMDC. 2022; 6(6): 831-841. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1647514940


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Almalki AG, Alkhader EA, Al-zahrani AMA, Alghamdi SA, Al-Ghamdi A. Diabetic retinopathy among type I diabetic pregnant females; multi-disciplinary current practice and guidelines. IJMDC. (2022), [cited August 18, 2022]; 6(6): 831-841. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1647514940


Harvard Style

Almalki, A. G., Alkhader, . E. A., Al-zahrani, . A. M. A., Alghamdi, . S. A. & Al-Ghamdi, . A. (2022) Diabetic retinopathy among type I diabetic pregnant females; multi-disciplinary current practice and guidelines. IJMDC, 6 (6), 831-841. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1647514940


Turabian Style

Almalki, Abdulrahman Ghurmullah, Esra Adel Alkhader, Anwar Mohammed Ali Al-zahrani, Shadi Abdulhamid Alghamdi, and Abdulhamid Al-Ghamdi. 2022. Diabetic retinopathy among type I diabetic pregnant females; multi-disciplinary current practice and guidelines. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (6), 831-841. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1647514940


Chicago Style

Almalki, Abdulrahman Ghurmullah, Esra Adel Alkhader, Anwar Mohammed Ali Al-zahrani, Shadi Abdulhamid Alghamdi, and Abdulhamid Al-Ghamdi. "Diabetic retinopathy among type I diabetic pregnant females; multi-disciplinary current practice and guidelines." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 831-841. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1647514940


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Almalki, Abdulrahman Ghurmullah, Esra Adel Alkhader, Anwar Mohammed Ali Al-zahrani, Shadi Abdulhamid Alghamdi, and Abdulhamid Al-Ghamdi. "Diabetic retinopathy among type I diabetic pregnant females; multi-disciplinary current practice and guidelines." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.6 (2022), 831-841. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1647514940


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Almalki, A. G., Alkhader, . E. A., Al-zahrani, . A. M. A., Alghamdi, . S. A. & Al-Ghamdi, . A. (2022) Diabetic retinopathy among type I diabetic pregnant females; multi-disciplinary current practice and guidelines. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (6), 831-841. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1647514940


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