Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(4): 621-629

Adherence of diabetic patients to treatment in Al Ahsa during COVID-19 pandemic

Authors: Abdullah Abdulaziz Almulhim, Asmaa Ibrahim ALkhamis, Sarah Abdulla, Alkishi, Zahra Salman AlMohsen, Luay Fuad Almulaifi, Zahraa Abdullah Alghaneim, Walaa Essa AlMubarak, Fatimah Baqer AlKhalifah.

ABSTRACT

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is defined as a metabolic disease characterized by increasing glucose levels. Different factors can affect glycemic control in people with DM during the coronavirus disease (COVID- 19) pandemic. For that reason, our study aims to investigate diabetic patients in Alahsa whether they adhere to their medications or not during the COVID-19 pandemic and to know the factors responsible for their nonadherence. Methods: A cross-sectional study was done using an online google survey targeting diabetic and pre-diabetic patients in Alahsa. The sample size was 298. All diabetic and pre-diabetic patients above 18 years of age from both genders visiting primary health care canters in Al Ahasa from August 2020 to April 2021 were included. Patients with DM less than 18 years of age or those managed with lifestyle only were excluded. After data were collected, it was modified, coded, and entered into the Statistical Package for Social Science version 22.0. Results: A total of 298 diabetic and pre-diabetic patients completed the study questionnaire. An exact of 250 (83.9%) patients were compliant to treatment according to physician prescription. As for causes of non-compliance, 47.9% of patients attributed to forgetting, followed by lack of trust in physician (29.2%), fear of side effects (22.9%), having too many drugs (16.7%), and depression with psychological distress (8.3%) with high drug cost (8.3%). Conclusion: We concluded that most of the participants had good adherence to their medications during the COVID-19 pandemic. Because forgetting, not trusting the doctors, and fear of side effects were the most common causes affecting compliance, we recommend physicians increase the awareness of diabetic and pre-diabetic patients about the importance of medication adherence.

Keywords:
Type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus, endocrine, adherence, covid-19, diabetes


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Adherence of diabetic patients to treatment in Al Ahsa during COVID-19 pandemic


Authors
Abdullah Abdulaziz Almulhim
King Faisal University, Alhassa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Asmaa Ibrahim ALkhamis
King Faisal University, Alhassa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sarah Abdulla
King Faisal University, Alhassa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Alkishi
King Faisal University, Alhassa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Zahra Salman AlMohsen
King Faisal University, Alhassa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Luay Fuad Almulaifi
King Faisal University, Alhassa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Zahraa Abdullah Alghaneim
King Faisal University, Alhassa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Walaa Essa AlMubarak
King Faisal University, Alhassa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Fatimah Baqer AlKhalifah
King Faisal University, Alhassa, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. King Faisal University, Alhassa, Saudi Arabia.; Abdullah05039@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 06 Jan 2022
Accepted 14 Jan 2022
Published online 14 Jan 2022
Published in print 03 Mar 2022

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Pubmed Style

Almulhim AA, ALkhamis AI, Abdulla S, Alkishi , AlMohsen ZS, Almulaifi LF, Alghaneim ZA, AlMubarak WE, AlKhalifah FB. Adherence of diabetic patients to treatment in Al Ahsa during COVID-19 pandemic. IJMDC. 2022; 6(4): 621-629. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1640098188


Web Style

Almulhim AA, ALkhamis AI, Abdulla S, Alkishi , AlMohsen ZS, Almulaifi LF, Alghaneim ZA, AlMubarak WE, AlKhalifah FB. Adherence of diabetic patients to treatment in Al Ahsa during COVID-19 pandemic. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=97674 [Access: August 18, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1640098188


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Almulhim AA, ALkhamis AI, Abdulla S, Alkishi , AlMohsen ZS, Almulaifi LF, Alghaneim ZA, AlMubarak WE, AlKhalifah FB. Adherence of diabetic patients to treatment in Al Ahsa during COVID-19 pandemic. IJMDC. 2022; 6(4): 621-629. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1640098188


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Almulhim AA, ALkhamis AI, Abdulla S, Alkishi , AlMohsen ZS, Almulaifi LF, Alghaneim ZA, AlMubarak WE, AlKhalifah FB. Adherence of diabetic patients to treatment in Al Ahsa during COVID-19 pandemic. IJMDC. (2022), [cited August 18, 2022]; 6(4): 621-629. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1640098188


Harvard Style

Almulhim, A. A., ALkhamis, . A. I., Abdulla, . S., Alkishi, ., AlMohsen, . Z. S., Almulaifi, . L. F., Alghaneim, . Z. A., AlMubarak, . W. E. & AlKhalifah, . F. B. (2022) Adherence of diabetic patients to treatment in Al Ahsa during COVID-19 pandemic. IJMDC, 6 (4), 621-629. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1640098188


Turabian Style

Almulhim, Abdullah Abdulaziz, Asmaa Ibrahim ALkhamis, Sarah Abdulla, Alkishi, Zahra Salman AlMohsen, Luay Fuad Almulaifi, Zahraa Abdullah Alghaneim, Walaa Essa AlMubarak, and Fatimah Baqer AlKhalifah. 2022. Adherence of diabetic patients to treatment in Al Ahsa during COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (4), 621-629. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1640098188


Chicago Style

Almulhim, Abdullah Abdulaziz, Asmaa Ibrahim ALkhamis, Sarah Abdulla, Alkishi, Zahra Salman AlMohsen, Luay Fuad Almulaifi, Zahraa Abdullah Alghaneim, Walaa Essa AlMubarak, and Fatimah Baqer AlKhalifah. "Adherence of diabetic patients to treatment in Al Ahsa during COVID-19 pandemic." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 621-629. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1640098188


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Almulhim, Abdullah Abdulaziz, Asmaa Ibrahim ALkhamis, Sarah Abdulla, Alkishi, Zahra Salman AlMohsen, Luay Fuad Almulaifi, Zahraa Abdullah Alghaneim, Walaa Essa AlMubarak, and Fatimah Baqer AlKhalifah. "Adherence of diabetic patients to treatment in Al Ahsa during COVID-19 pandemic." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.4 (2022), 621-629. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1640098188


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Almulhim, A. A., ALkhamis, . A. I., Abdulla, . S., Alkishi, ., AlMohsen, . Z. S., Almulaifi, . L. F., Alghaneim, . Z. A., AlMubarak, . W. E. & AlKhalifah, . F. B. (2022) Adherence of diabetic patients to treatment in Al Ahsa during COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (4), 621-629. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1640098188


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