Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(5): 717-723

Breastfeeding attitude and reasons behind shifting to formula use among mothers with children of age 0-2 years in Saudi Arabia

Authors: Abdulrahman A. Alnaim, Mohammed Alamer, Mohammed H. Alalawi, Abdullah A. Almubarak, Haider A. AlMusaileem, Baqer A. Aldhneen, Luay F. Almulaifi, Duaa Almubarak.

ABSTRACT

Background: Saudi Arabia has one of the lowest rates of exclusive breastfeeding. In this study, we aim to assess the prevalence of breastfeeding. The study also aims at evaluating the personal reasons of mothers in Al-Ahsa region behind switching to formulae. This study will help in establishing more effective methods to encourage exclusive breastfeeding. Methods: A prospective study was conducted involving 200 eligible mothers (mothers of children from birth up to 2 years of age) from September 2021 to January 2022. A face-to-face interview was conducted at three primary healthcare centers in different regions and Maternity and Children Hospital in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. The data were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 22. A p-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Among the studied subjects, only 45 (22.5%) mothers used exclusive breastfeeding, 83 (41.5%) used formula feeding, while 72 (36%) used both methods. Among the reasons that made mothers choose/shift to formula feeding, the most reported were low milk supply (61.9%), workload (16.8%), the baby refused breastfeeding (12.9%), mother did not like breastfeeding (11.6%), and personal illness (6.5%). The least reported causes were difficulty in feeding (1.9%) and pregnancy (0.6%). Conclusion: In this study, the vast majority of mothers (83%) received previous education about breastfeeding, However, receiving education about breastfeeding was not found to be a significant factor in choosing the feeding method (p = 0.422). Only 22.5% of the mothers used exclusive breastfeeding. The main factors to switch to the formula were low milk supply (61.9%), workload (16.8%), and baby refused breastfeeding (12.9). It is recommended that future campaigns aim to address these factors rather than only increasing the knowledge regarding the benefits of breastfeeding.

Keywords:
Predictors of breast feeding, mixed feeding, formula feeding, feeding method, breast feeding practices


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Breastfeeding attitude and reasons behind shifting to formula use among mothers with children of age 0-2 years in Saudi Arabia


Authors
Abdulrahman A Alnaim
Department of Pediatrics, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Alamer
Department of Pediatrics, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed H Alalawi
Department of Pediatrics, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdullah A Almubarak
College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Haider A AlMusaileem
Department of Pediatrics, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Baqer A Aldhneen
Department of Pediatrics, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Luay F Almulaifi
College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Duaa Almubarak
College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Department of Pediatrics, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia.; xmohammed49@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 03 Mar 2022
Accepted 20 Mar 2022
Published online 02 Apr 2022
Published in print 11 Apr 2022

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Pubmed Style

Alnaim AA, Alamer M, Alalawi MH, Almubarak AA, AlMusaileem HA, Aldhneen BA, Almulaifi LF, Almubarak D. Breastfeeding attitude and reasons behind shifting to formula use among mothers with children of age 0-2 years in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(5): 717-723. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1646289615


Web Style

Alnaim AA, Alamer M, Alalawi MH, Almubarak AA, AlMusaileem HA, Aldhneen BA, Almulaifi LF, Almubarak D. Breastfeeding attitude and reasons behind shifting to formula use among mothers with children of age 0-2 years in Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=96665 [Access: July 03, 2022]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1646289615


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alnaim AA, Alamer M, Alalawi MH, Almubarak AA, AlMusaileem HA, Aldhneen BA, Almulaifi LF, Almubarak D. Breastfeeding attitude and reasons behind shifting to formula use among mothers with children of age 0-2 years in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(5): 717-723. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1646289615


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alnaim AA, Alamer M, Alalawi MH, Almubarak AA, AlMusaileem HA, Aldhneen BA, Almulaifi LF, Almubarak D. Breastfeeding attitude and reasons behind shifting to formula use among mothers with children of age 0-2 years in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2022), [cited July 03, 2022]; 6(5): 717-723. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1646289615


Harvard Style

Alnaim, A. A., Alamer, . M., Alalawi, . M. H., Almubarak, . A. A., AlMusaileem, . H. A., Aldhneen, . B. A., Almulaifi, . L. F. & Almubarak, . D. (2022) Breastfeeding attitude and reasons behind shifting to formula use among mothers with children of age 0-2 years in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 6 (5), 717-723. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1646289615


Turabian Style

Alnaim, Abdulrahman A., Mohammed Alamer, Mohammed H. Alalawi, Abdullah A. Almubarak, Haider A. AlMusaileem, Baqer A. Aldhneen, Luay F. Almulaifi, and Duaa Almubarak. 2022. Breastfeeding attitude and reasons behind shifting to formula use among mothers with children of age 0-2 years in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (5), 717-723. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1646289615


Chicago Style

Alnaim, Abdulrahman A., Mohammed Alamer, Mohammed H. Alalawi, Abdullah A. Almubarak, Haider A. AlMusaileem, Baqer A. Aldhneen, Luay F. Almulaifi, and Duaa Almubarak. "Breastfeeding attitude and reasons behind shifting to formula use among mothers with children of age 0-2 years in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 717-723. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1646289615


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alnaim, Abdulrahman A., Mohammed Alamer, Mohammed H. Alalawi, Abdullah A. Almubarak, Haider A. AlMusaileem, Baqer A. Aldhneen, Luay F. Almulaifi, and Duaa Almubarak. "Breastfeeding attitude and reasons behind shifting to formula use among mothers with children of age 0-2 years in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.5 (2022), 717-723. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1646289615


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alnaim, A. A., Alamer, . M., Alalawi, . M. H., Almubarak, . A. A., AlMusaileem, . H. A., Aldhneen, . B. A., Almulaifi, . L. F. & Almubarak, . D. (2022) Breastfeeding attitude and reasons behind shifting to formula use among mothers with children of age 0-2 years in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (5), 717-723. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1646289615


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