Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(9): 1579-1582

The prevalence of obesity in hospitalized COVID-19 patients at King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Samah Sofyan Melebari, Aly ElBahrawy, Abeer Hameed Aljahdali, Nada Omar Hussain, Lama Abdulrahman Bahwaireth, Ghaida Abdulmhsin Alahmadi, Rawan Ibrahim Alharbi, Jumana Saleh Alghamdi, Osama Khalid Alzahrani.

ABSTRACT

Background: We are currently facing two pandemics: the emergent COVID-19 pandemic and the established obesity pandemic. The prevalence of obesity in adults in Saudi Arabia is 35.4%. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of obesity among hospitalized patients with COVID-19 infection at a specialized quaternary care hospital (oncology and cardiac centre) and to recognize a correlation between obesity and severe COVID-19 disease. Methodology: This retrospective cohort study of prospectively collected data studied the relationship between obesity and the need for critical care admission, mechanical ventilation, and mortality rate in hospitalized COVID-19 patients at a single specialized quaternary care institution. Results: From March to August 2020, 369 COVID-19 patients were hospitalized at our institution. Of these, 169 (45.8%) were obese (body mass index > 30 kg/m2). The critical care admission and mechanical ventilation were higher among obese patients but not statistically significant. The duration of intensive care unit admission was longer in the obese group versus the non-obese group. Moreover, complications related to COVID-19 infection such as pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome were elevated in obese patients (n = 98, p = 0.000) and (n = 36, p = 0.000), respectively. Conclusion: We found that the obesity was associated with worse outcomes. Although some of our results were statistically insignificant, this might be related to our sample size and our study being conducted at a specialized quaternary hospital, i.e., there might have been selection bias. We recommend performing the research on a larger scale to confirm our results, including COVID-19 centres or community hospitals, which represent the population more accurately.

Keywords:
Obesity, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, Saudi Arabia


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The prevalence of obesity in hospitalized COVID-19 patients at King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Samah Sofyan Melebari
Department of Surgery, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Aly ElBahrawy
Department of Surgery, King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abeer Hameed Aljahdali
Department of Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nada Omar Hussain
Department of Medicine and Surgery, College of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Lama Abdulrahman Bahwaireth
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ghaida Abdulmhsin Alahmadi
Department of Medicine and Surgery, College of Medicine, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
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Rawan Ibrahim Alharbi
Department of Laboratory Medicine, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
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Jumana Saleh Alghamdi
Department of Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Osama Khalid Alzahrani
Department of Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Department of Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.; aljahdaliabeer@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 29 Jun 2021
Accepted 19 Aug 2021
Published online 19 Aug 2021
Published in print 28 Sep 2021

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Pubmed Style

Melebari SS, ElBahrawy A, Aljahdali AH, Hussain NO, Bahwaireth LA, Alahmadi GA, Alharbi RI, Alghamdi JS, Alzahrani OK. The prevalence of obesity in hospitalized COVID-19 patients at King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(9): 1579-1582. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1624726139


Web Style

Melebari SS, ElBahrawy A, Aljahdali AH, Hussain NO, Bahwaireth LA, Alahmadi GA, Alharbi RI, Alghamdi JS, Alzahrani OK. The prevalence of obesity in hospitalized COVID-19 patients at King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=90885 [Access: December 01, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1624726139


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Melebari SS, ElBahrawy A, Aljahdali AH, Hussain NO, Bahwaireth LA, Alahmadi GA, Alharbi RI, Alghamdi JS, Alzahrani OK. The prevalence of obesity in hospitalized COVID-19 patients at King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(9): 1579-1582. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1624726139


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Melebari SS, ElBahrawy A, Aljahdali AH, Hussain NO, Bahwaireth LA, Alahmadi GA, Alharbi RI, Alghamdi JS, Alzahrani OK. The prevalence of obesity in hospitalized COVID-19 patients at King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited December 01, 2021]; 5(9): 1579-1582. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1624726139


Harvard Style

Melebari, S. S., ElBahrawy, . A., Aljahdali, . A. H., Hussain, . N. O., Bahwaireth, . L. A., Alahmadi, . G. A., Alharbi, . R. I., Alghamdi, . J. S. & Alzahrani, . O. K. (2021) The prevalence of obesity in hospitalized COVID-19 patients at King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (9), 1579-1582. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1624726139


Turabian Style

Melebari, Samah Sofyan, Aly ElBahrawy, Abeer Hameed Aljahdali, Nada Omar Hussain, Lama Abdulrahman Bahwaireth, Ghaida Abdulmhsin Alahmadi, Rawan Ibrahim Alharbi, Jumana Saleh Alghamdi, and Osama Khalid Alzahrani. 2021. The prevalence of obesity in hospitalized COVID-19 patients at King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (9), 1579-1582. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1624726139


Chicago Style

Melebari, Samah Sofyan, Aly ElBahrawy, Abeer Hameed Aljahdali, Nada Omar Hussain, Lama Abdulrahman Bahwaireth, Ghaida Abdulmhsin Alahmadi, Rawan Ibrahim Alharbi, Jumana Saleh Alghamdi, and Osama Khalid Alzahrani. "The prevalence of obesity in hospitalized COVID-19 patients at King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1579-1582. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1624726139


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Melebari, Samah Sofyan, Aly ElBahrawy, Abeer Hameed Aljahdali, Nada Omar Hussain, Lama Abdulrahman Bahwaireth, Ghaida Abdulmhsin Alahmadi, Rawan Ibrahim Alharbi, Jumana Saleh Alghamdi, and Osama Khalid Alzahrani. "The prevalence of obesity in hospitalized COVID-19 patients at King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.9 (2021), 1579-1582. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1624726139


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Melebari, S. S., ElBahrawy, . A., Aljahdali, . A. H., Hussain, . N. O., Bahwaireth, . L. A., Alahmadi, . G. A., Alharbi, . R. I., Alghamdi, . J. S. & Alzahrani, . O. K. (2021) The prevalence of obesity in hospitalized COVID-19 patients at King Abdullah Medical City, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (9), 1579-1582. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1624726139


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