Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(9): 1566-1572

Psychosocial impact of autism on the family in Saudi Arabia

Authors: Mohammed Dakhilallah Almalki, Odai Mohammed Albahli, Sultan Mansour Aldeghaither, Asim Abdulrahman Alsoqeer.

ABSTRACT

Background: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is defined as a wide variety of complex developmental disorders that appear during the first 3 years of life. Parents of children with ASD reported more anxiety and lower levels of well-being than both parents of individuals without disabilities and individuals with other disabilities. Objective: To assess the psychosocial impact of autism on the family of autistic children in Saudi Arabia. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in cooperation with the society of autism families, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A self-administered structured and validated questionnaire was distributed online among parents of children with autism. Results: In this study, we collected 122 responses to the validated questionnaire with response rate of 20.3%. Females represented 82.8% of the sample, while 48.4% of them reported that they had insufficient monthly income, while 40.1% reported that they had barely sufficient monthly income, and only 11.5% indicated having sufficient monthly income. Remaining, 12.3% of the respondents were males and 4.9% were sisters. Moreover, we found that 36.4% of parents had impaired quality of life (QoL), while 52.9% had moderate QoL and only 10.7% had indicated having good QoL. QoL of parents was not associated with gender, age, education level nor monthly income of parents instead it was negatively associated by severity of ASD. Conclusion: Parents of children with ASD had some issues in their QoL; however this is mainly affected by the severity of ASD. These families and parents need educational programs, which is essential to improve their poor QoL. More assessments are needed to assess factors associated with poor QoL using interviews to increase efficacy of the tools used.

Keywords:
Autism, QoL, Depression, Anxiety, Parents


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Psychosocial impact of autism on the family in Saudi Arabia


Authors
Mohammed Dakhilallah Almalki
King Saud Medical City, Academy for Postgraduate studies in Family Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Odai Mohammed Albahli
King Saud Medical City, Academy for Postgraduate studies in Family Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sultan Mansour Aldeghaither
King Saud Medical City, Academy for Postgraduate studies in Family Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Asim Abdulrahman Alsoqeer
King Saud Medical City, Academy for Postgraduate studies in Family Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Mohammed Dakhilallah Almalki, King Saud Medical City, Academy for Postgraduate studies in Family Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; dr.mda15@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 17 Jun 2021
Accepted 23 Aug 2021
Published online 13 Sep 2021
Published in print 28 Sep 2021

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Pubmed Style

Almalki MD, Albahli OM, Aldeghaither SM, Alsoqeer AA. Psychosocial impact of autism on the family in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(9): 1566-1572. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1623959606


Web Style

Almalki MD, Albahli OM, Aldeghaither SM, Alsoqeer AA. Psychosocial impact of autism on the family in Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=88855 [Access: December 01, 2021]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1623959606


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Almalki MD, Albahli OM, Aldeghaither SM, Alsoqeer AA. Psychosocial impact of autism on the family in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(9): 1566-1572. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1623959606


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Almalki MD, Albahli OM, Aldeghaither SM, Alsoqeer AA. Psychosocial impact of autism on the family in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited December 01, 2021]; 5(9): 1566-1572. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1623959606


Harvard Style

Almalki, M. D., Albahli, . O. M., Aldeghaither, . S. M. & Alsoqeer, . A. A. (2021) Psychosocial impact of autism on the family in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (9), 1566-1572. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1623959606


Turabian Style

Almalki, Mohammed Dakhilallah, Odai Mohammed Albahli, Sultan Mansour Aldeghaither, and Asim Abdulrahman Alsoqeer. 2021. Psychosocial impact of autism on the family in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (9), 1566-1572. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1623959606


Chicago Style

Almalki, Mohammed Dakhilallah, Odai Mohammed Albahli, Sultan Mansour Aldeghaither, and Asim Abdulrahman Alsoqeer. "Psychosocial impact of autism on the family in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 1566-1572. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1623959606


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Almalki, Mohammed Dakhilallah, Odai Mohammed Albahli, Sultan Mansour Aldeghaither, and Asim Abdulrahman Alsoqeer. "Psychosocial impact of autism on the family in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.9 (2021), 1566-1572. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1623959606


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Almalki, M. D., Albahli, . O. M., Aldeghaither, . S. M. & Alsoqeer, . A. A. (2021) Psychosocial impact of autism on the family in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (9), 1566-1572. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1623959606


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